Holidays Calendar for October 1, 2012

Teachers' Day is observed in Uzbekistan annually on October 1. This professional day of all teachers and mentors was established in 1996 and the first observance took place in 1997. This is a public holiday and it's one of the most solemn Uzbek observances.

National Day is one of the major holidays in China. This holiday marks the foundation of the Peoples' Republic of China on October 1 and starts the Golden Week.

Citizens of Tuvalu annually celebrate their Independence Day on October 1. This holiday celebrates anniversary of declaration of independence from Great Britain on October 1, 1978.

Independence Day is celebrated in Nigeria on October 1. This holiday celebrates the day, when Nigeria gained independence from Great Britain in 1960. After that the First Republic was founded, that existed till 1996.

The Republic of Palau, that is situated in the western Pacific Ocean, celebrates Independence Day on October 1. This is one of the most celebrated national holidays of the year.

The islanders of Cyprus annually celebrate Independence Day on October 1. Independence Day is one of the public holidays in Cyprus, various festivals and parades are organized to celebrate the day.

Unification Day is one of the national holidays in Cameroon, that is annually observed on October 1. This holiday celebrates unification of British Southern Cameroon with French Cameroun in 1961.

Investiture of the Captains Regents is held in San Marino annually twice, on April 1 and October 1. The Captain Regents serve as heads of state and government during a six-month term, then they are re-elected. The day of investiture is a non-working holiday.

Territory Day is one of the public holidays in Christmas Island. It is celebrated on the first Monday in October. The holiday commemorates the day Christmas Island became a territory within the Commonwealth of Australia.


Peat Cutting Day, also known as Peat Cutting Monday, is one of the public holidays in the Falkland Islands, a British overseas territory in the South Atlantic Ocean. It is celebrated on the first Monday on October.


On the first Monday in October, Saint Lucians celebrate Thanksgiving Day. Although it is a public holiday, its celebration is quite low-key. Most islanders simply enjoy the extended weekend, spending time with their family and friends.


The end of lent is one of the public holidays in Laos and Myanmar. This is a Buddhist holiday, and it has different names in these countries. For instance, it's Thadingyut Full Moon in Myanmar and Boun Ok Phansa in Laos.


Labour Day (spelled Labor Day in the United States) is an annual holiday that celebrates the achievements of the labor union movement, including the eight-hour working day. In most countries, it coincides with International Workers’ Day (May 1), but some have their own dates for Labour Day. In Australia, for example, it is celebrated on several dates depending on the state or territory.


International Music Day is annually celebrated on October 1. This observance was initiated by Lord Yehudi Menuhin, an outstanding American violinist and conductor. The first events celebrating the holiday took place on October 1, 1975 and they were organized by the International Music Council.

World Vegetarian Day is observed in many countries around the world on October 1. This day was introduced by the North American Vegetarian Society in 1977 and endorsed by the International Vegetarian Union n 1978.

Many countries celebrate International Coffee Day on September 29, but the official date of the holiday is in fact October 1. It was instituted by the International Coffee Organization in 2014 and has been celebrated every year since.

World Architecture Day is a global observance held annually on the first Monday of October. It was inaugurated by the International Union of Architects in 1985 and was originally celebrated on the first Monday of July.


Ground Forces Day is an official professional day in the Russian Federation, that is annually observed on October 1. This observance was established to commemorate the day, when Tsar of All Russians Ivan the Terrible issued a special document, that became crucial in further development of the Russian Army.

Prosecutor's Day is one of official professional days in Azerbaijan. This observance annually falls on October 1 and it's celebrated since 1998. Then-President of Azerbaijan Heydar Aliev signed presidential decree establishing Prosecutor's Day on the anniversary of the day when prosecutor's offices started functioning in Azerbaijan.

Military personnel as well as civilians celebrate Armed Forces Day in South Korea annually on October 1. This day honors the military forces of the Republic of Korea, that are responsible for maintaining sovereignty and its territorial integrity.

Sake Day is a Japanese national observance, that is spreading across the world. People celebrate this holiday annually on October 1 since 1978, when it was declared by the Japan Sake Brewers Association.

Arbor Day is celebrated in many countries around the world, but on different dates. For instance, the Northern Mariana Islands annually organize a tree planting event on October 1.

National Arbor Day is celebrated in Bolivia annually on October 1. This day was established in 1995 to raise public awareness of the deforestation in Bolivia.

National Black Dog Day in the United States is celebrated annually on October 1. It is one of the many philanthropic observances conceived by Colleen Paige, a well-known animal behaviorist and pet & family lifestyle expert.

October 1 is Pancasila Sanctity Day in Indonesia. This observance commemorates the events of 30 September Movement in 1965.

Lincolnshire Day is celebrated on October 1 in a county in the East Midlands of England. It marks the anniversary of the Lincolnshire Rising, a Catholic uprising against the English Reformation and the dissolution of monasteries.

Child Health Day is a national observance in the United States. It is annually observed on the first Monday of October. This observance focuses on raising people's awareness on how they can protect and develop the children's health.


Homemade cookies with a glass of milk can be considered a typical comfort food. There even is a special holiday, the National Homemade Cookies Day, celebrated on October 1.

All member states of the United Nations Organization annually observe International Day of Older Persons on October 1. This observance was established in 1990 and the first events were organized in 1991.

World Habitat Day is an annual United Nations observance held on the first Monday of October. It was officially established in 1985. The first celebration was held on October 6, 1986 with the theme “Shelter is My Right”.


Guatemala and El Salvador celebrate Children's Day on October 1, as well as in Sri Lanka. This holiday is called Día del niño and children eagerly wait for this day.

Sri Lanka celebrates Children's Day annually on October 1. Celebration of this holiday raises public awareness about rights of children.

This Day in History

  • 2018 Died: Charles Aznavour, French and Armenian-naturalised singer, lyricist, actor, public activist and diplomat. In a career spanning over 70 years, he recorded more than 1,200 songs interpreted in eight languages.
  • 1997 Died: Jerome H. Lemelson, American engineer and inventor. With his 605 patents, he is one of the most prolific inventors in American history.
  • 1994 Died: Paul Lorenzen, German philosopher and mathematician primarily remembered as the inventor of game semantics (with Kuno Lorenz).
  • 1991 The Siege of Dubrovnik began during the Croatian War of Independence. It is primarily remembered for the large-scale looting by JNA troops.
  • 1989 Denmark introduced the world's first legal modern same-sex civil union. Same-sex marriage was legalized in Denmark on June 15, 2012.
  • 1985 Died: E. B. White, American writer, known for his books for children, such as Stuart Little, Charlotte's Web, and The Trumpet of the Swan.
  • 1982 Sony released the world's first consumer compact disc player, Sony CDP-101, in Japan. The system was launched worldwide in March 1983.
  • 1979 The Torrijos-Carter Treaty came into force, setting in motion the process of handing over the Panama Canal to Panamanian control.
  • 1974 Born: Keith Duffy, Irish singer-songwriter, musician, actor, radio and television presenter, who began his career as a member of Boyzone.
  • 1971 The first CT scan (computerized tomography scan), or X-ray CT, was performed at Atkinson Morley Hospital in Wimbledon, London.
  • 1971 The Walt Disney World Resort officially opened in Bay Lake, Florida. According to Forbes, it is the most visited vacation resort in the world.
  • 1964 The Tōkaidō Shinkansen opened right before the 1964 Summer Olympics. The Shinkansen is a network of high-speed railway lines in Japan.
  • 1959 Died: Enrico De Nicola, Italian jurist, journalist, and politician who served as the First President of Italy from January 1 to May 12, 1948.
  • 1956 Born: William Boeing, American aviation pioneer and industrialist, primarily remembered as the founder of The Boeing Company (1916).
  • 1948 Born: Dave Arneson, American game designer, who co-developed the first published role-playing game Dungeons & Dragons (D&D).
  • 1946 Twenty-four prominent members of the political, military, and economic leadership of Nazi Germany were sentenced at Nuremberg trials.
  • 1930 Born: Richard Harris, Irish actor, singer-songwriter, theatrical producer, film director, and writer. His career spanned over four decades.
  • 1930 Born: Philippe Noiret, French film actor who won the 1990 BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role for his role in Cinema Paradiso.
  • 1924 Born: Jimmy Carter, American politician and author, who served as the 39th President of the United States. He won the 2002 Nobel Peace Prize.
  • 1910 Born: Bonnie Parker, American outlaw and robber who traveled the central United States with Clyde Barrow during the Great Depression.
  • 1890 The United States Congress officially established Yosemite National Park in California. In 1984, the part was designated a World Heritage Site.
  • 1865 Born: Paul Dukas, French composer, critic, scholar, and teacher. He is best known for his orchestral piece The Sorcerer's Apprentice.
  • 1832 Born: Caroline Harrison (née Scott), the wife of Benjamin Harrison and First Lady of the United States from 1889 until her death in 1892.
  • 1800 Spain and France signed the Third Treaty of San Ildefonso, in which Spain returned the colonial territory of Louisiana to France.
  • 1781 Born: Richard Stockton, American lawyer, jurist, legislator, and one of the signers of the United States Declaration of Independence.
  • 1768 Died: Robert Simson, Scottish mathematician and professor. He wrote extensive commentaries on the works of the ancient geometers.
  • 1708 Died: John Blow, English Baroque composer and organist. His best known work is his only stage composition, the opera Venus and Adonis.
  • 1684 Died: Pierre Corneille, French playwright. He is one of the three great seventeenth-century French dramatists, along with Molière and Racine.
  • 1499 Died: Marsilio Ficino, Italian scholar and Catholic priest, one of the most influential humanist philosophers of the early Italian Renaissance.
  • 1404 Died: Pope Boniface IX (born Piero Tomacelli), Pope from 1389 until his death. He reigned during the Western Schism of 1387-1417.
  • 959 Died: Eadwig, King of the English from 955 until his death. His short reign was marked by ongoing conflicts with his family and the Church.