Holidays Calendar for June 22, 2016

Anti-Fascist Struggle Day, also known as Anti-Fascist Resistance Day, is a Croatian public holiday celebrated on June 22. It commemorates the creation of the Sisak People's Liberation Partisan Detachment in 1941.

Teachers' Day in El Salvador is celebrated on June 22 each year. This holiday is celebrated nationwide, it is aimed thanking teachers for their contribution to the education of children and development of the nation as a whole.

Day of Remembrance of the Victims of the Great Patriotic War is observed in Russia, Belarus and Ukraine on June 22. It commemorates the anniversary of the beginning of the war. In Belarus, heroic defenders of Brest Fortress are honored on this day.

Heroes' Remembrance Day, also known as Remembrance Day of the Battle of Cēsis, is observed in Latvia on June 22. It commemorates those who gave their lives in the battle which is known as the Battle of Cēsis in Latvia or the Battle of Võnnu in Estonia.

June 22 is National Chocolate Éclair Day. Enjoy a smooth pastry with rich cream to celebrate the holiday.

Annually 21 days from Flag Day are Honor America Days. This observance was created with the aim that all Americans could celebrate and honor their country in an appropriate way.

This Day in History

  • 2014 Died: Felix Dennis, English poet and publisher, founder of Dennis Publishing. His company pioneered computer and hobbyist magazine publishing in the UK.
  • 2013 Died: Henning Larsen, Danish architect, internationally known for designing of the Copenhagen Opera House.
  • 2008 Died: George Carlin, American comedian, actor, and author, noted for his black comedy and thoughts on politics. He is widely regarded as one of the most important and influential stand-up comedians.
  • 2002 An earthquake magnitude 6.5 stroke a region in Iran. At least 261 were killed and 1,300 injured.
  • 1993 Died: Pat Nixon, American economist and educator, wife of Richard Nixon, the First Lady of the United States from 1969 to 1974. As First Lady, she promoted a number of charitable causes, including volunteerism.
  • 1990 Died: Ilya Frank, Russian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate for work explaining the phenomenon of Cherenkov radiation.
  • 1990 Checkpoint Charlie, best-known Berlin Wall crossing point between East Berlin and West Berlin, was dismounted. Now it's located in the Allied Museum in the Dahlem, neighborhood of Berlin.
  • 1987 Died: Fred Astaire, American actor, singer, and dancer, named to be the fifth greatest male star of all time. He is best remembered as the dancing partner and on-screen romantic interest of Ginger Rogers, with whom he co-starred in a series of Hollywood musicals.
  • 1986 Diego Maradona scored two goals, Hand of God goal and Goal of the Century, in the quarter-finals of the FIFA World Cup match between Argentina and England.
  • 1978 American astronomer James W. Christy discovered Charon, a satellite of the dwarf planet Pluto. It's another satellites are Styx, Nix, Kerberos and Hydra.
  • 1969 Died: Judy Garland, American actress and singer, best remembered for her vocals and respected for her versatility. Garland received a Juvenile Academy Award, won a Golden Globe Award as well as Grammy Awards and a Special Tony Award.
  • 1969 The Cuyahoga River caught on fire in Cleveland, Ohio. This incident drew national attention to water pollution and creation of the Environmental Protection Agency.
  • 1964 Born: Dan Brown, American author of thriller fiction genre, best known for bestseller The Da Vinci Code.
  • 1949 Born: Meryl Streep, American actress, producer, a three-time Academy Award winner, regarded as one of the best actresses of all time. Her best known films are Kramer vs. Kramer, The Iron Lady, The Deadliest Season, Holocaust.
  • 1941 Operation Barbarossa: Germany invaded the Soviet Union. The operation failed and unprepared Germany was forced into a war of attrition.
  • 1940 France was forced to sign the Second Compiègne armistice with Germany. The armistice established a German occupation zone in Northern and Western France.
  • 1938 Died: C. J. Dennis, Australian poet, best remembered for The Songs of a Sentimental Bloke, published in the early 20th century. He is often considered as one of three Australia's most famous poets.
  • 1925 Died: Felix Klein, German mathematician and academic, whose work on group theory, complex analysis, non-Euclidean geometry and on the connections between geometry and group theory became influential in the named fields.
  • 1911 George V and Mary of Teck were crowned King and Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
  • 1906 Born: Billy Wilder, Austrian-American director, producer, and screenwriter, regarded as one of the most brilliant and versatile filmmakers of Hollywood's Golden Age.
  • 1903 Born: John Dillinger, American gangster and bank robber. His band robbed 24 banks and 4 police stations, he escaped from jail twice. Dillinger was the most notorious outlaw of the Depression era, and stood among other violent criminals, like Baby Face Nelson, Pretty Boy Floyd and Bonnie and Clyde.
  • 1898 Born: Erich Maria Remarque, German-Swiss author, one of the most popular German authors of the 20th century. His best remembered novels are All Quiet on the Western Front, Three Comrades, Arch of Triumph etc.
  • 1893 The Royal Navy Battleship HMS Camperdown accidentally rammed the British Mediterranean Fleet flagship HMS Victoria, causing sinking of the latter and death of 358 sailors.
  • 1887 Born: Julian Huxley, English biologist and academic, a leading figure in the mid-20th century evolutionary synthesis. He was a founding member of the World Wildlife Fund, the first President of the British Humanist Association, the first Director of UNESCO.
  • 1874 Died: Howard Staunton, English chess player, principal organizer of the first international chess tournament in 1851. He's generally regarded as world's strongest chess player from 1843 to 1851.
  • 1856 Born: H. Rider Haggard, English author and scholar, writer of adventure novels set in exotic locations, pioneer of the Lost World literary genre. His stories continue to be popular and influential.
  • 1805 Born: Giuseppe Mazzini, Italian journalist and politician. His actions helped unify Italy and gain its independence. He also helped define the modern European movement for popular democracy in a republican state
  • 1767 Born: Wilhelm von Humboldt, German philosopher and diplomat, founder of the Humboldt University of Berlin. He's best remembered as a linguist, who made major contributions to the philosophy of language and to the theory and practice of education.
  • 1757 Born: George Vancouver, English lieutenant and explorer, leader of British expeditions to North America's northwestern Pacific Coast regions, Hawaii islands and southwest coast of Australia. Vancouver Island, city Vancouver in Canada, city Vancouver in the USA, Mount Vancouver and New Zealand's fourth highest mountain were named after him.
  • 1633 The Holy Office in Rome sentenced Galileo Galilei for his view that the Sun, not the Earth, is the center of the Universe.