Holidays Calendar for June 16, 2016

June 16 is Youth Day in South Africa. This is a public holiday, that commemorates the events of the Soweto Uprising, that took place on June 16, 1976.

The Organization of the African Unity initiated annual celebration of International Day of African Child. This day is observed every year on June 16 since 1991.

Engineer's Day is an Argentinian professional holiday, that is annually observed on June 16. This holiday celebrates the day, when Luis Augusto Huergo became the first engineer in Argentina.

The Irish annually celebrate Bloomsday (Lá Bloom, Bloom's Day) on June 16. This celebration commemorates life of Irish writer James Joyce and events of his novel Ulysses.

June 16 annually celebrates National Fudge Day. Although different desserts can date back about 5,000 years, fudge is relatively recent invention and has an American origin.

Annually 21 days from Flag Day are Honor America Days. This observance was created with the aim that all Americans could celebrate and honor their country in an appropriate way.

This Day in History

  • 2013 Died: Hans Hass, Austrian biologist and diver. He's known mainly for being among the first scientists to popularize coral reefs, stingrays and sharks. He pioneered making of documentaries filmed underwater and led development of the aqualung.
  • 2012 China successfully launched Shenzhou 9 spacecraft, carrying three astronauts. One of them was woman Liu Yang, the first Chinese female astronaut.
  • 2012 The United States Air Force's robotic Boeing X-37B spaceplane returned to Earth after a 469-day orbital mission. Most of the parameters of the mission were not disclosed by the Air Force.
  • 2010 Bhutan instituted a total ban on tobacco and became the first country to do it. The Tobacco Control Act banned not only smoking, but also cultivation, harvesting, production and sale of tobacco and its products.
  • 1979 Died: Nicholas Ray, American actor, director, and screenwriter, whose best known work is movie Rebel Without a Cause. Among his other notable works are They Live by Night, Knock on Any Door, In a Lonely Place etc.
  • 1977 Died: Wernher von Braun, German-American engineer, one of the leading figures in the development of rocket technology in Germany and the USA, considered to be one of the fathers of rocket science.
  • 1971 Died: John Reith, 1st Baron Reith, Scottish broadcaster, best remembered as the first Director-General of the BBC.
  • 1971 Born: Tupac Shakur, American rapper, producer, and actor, best known under his stage name 2Pac. He was one of the best-selling music artists of all time and one of the greatest rappers ever.
  • 1970 Died: Sydney Chapman, English mathematician and geophysicist, whose work on the kinetic theory of gases, solar-terrestrial physics and the Earth' ozone layer led to broad range of researches over many years.
  • 1963 The Soviet cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova became the first woman in space. Her mission Vostok 6 lasted for 2 days, 22 hours and 50 minutes.
  • 1958 Died: Imre Nagy, Hungarian politician, the 3rd Prime Minister of Hungary. He was executed on charge of treason.
  • 1955 Argentine Navy dropped several bombs upon an unarmed crowd demonstrating in favor of President Juan Perón in Buenos Aires. 364 were killed and at least 800 injured.
  • 1950 Born: Mithun Chakraborty, Indian actor, winner of three National Film Awards (India). He is best known for role as Jimmy in film Disco Dancer.
  • 1944 Died: Marc Bloch, French historian and academic, co-founder of highly influential Annales School of French social history.
  • 1930 Died: Elmer Ambrose Sperry, American inventor, most famous for co-invention with Herman Anschütz-Kaempfe of the gyrocompass.
  • 1911 The International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) was founded as the Computing-Tabulating-Record Company in Endicott, New York.
  • 1909 Born: Archie Carr, American ecologist and zoologist, pioneer of the conservation movement. He made contributions to sea turtle conservation by way of bringing attention to the world's declining turtle populations due to over-exploitation and loss of safe habitat.
  • 1903 Pepsi-Cola became an official trademark. The drink was created by pharmacist Davis Bradham, who believed Pepsi-Cola would be a healthy cola, aiding digestion.
  • 1903 The Ford Motor Company was incorporated by Henry Ford. It's first automobile was Ford Model T, introduced in 1908.
  • 1902 Born: Barbara McClintock, American geneticist and academic, Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine laureate for discovery of genetic transposition.
  • 1897 Born: Georg Wittig, German chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate for discovery of method for synthesis of alkenes from aldehydes and ketones using compounds called phosphonium ylides.
  • 1894 Pierre de Coubertin organized the Paris Congress at Sorbonne, that was attended by 79 delegates representing 49 organization from 9 countries. One of the issues of the congress was revival of Olympic Games.
  • 1883 183 children were killed in the Victoria Hall in Sunderland, England. The children with certain number of tickets would be presented with gifts, and disaster was caused by stampede of 1,100 children who worried about missing out on the treats.
  • 1880 Born: Otto Eisenschiml, Austrian-American chemist and author. He is best known for his provocative book on the assassination of Abraham Lincoln, in which he proposed, that the plot was orchestrated by a senior member of Lincoln's Cabinet.
  • 1878 Died: Crawford Long, American surgeon and pharmacist, best known for his first use of inhaled sulfuric ether as an anesthetic. Nowadays he is recognized as the first physician to have administered ether anesthesia for surgery.
  • 1858 Died: John Snow, English physician, leader in adoption of anesthesia and medical hygiene, father of modern epidemiology. His researches inspired fundamental changes in water and waste systems in London (later adopted by other cities) that led to improvement in general public health around the world.
  • 1858 Born: Gustaf V of Sweden, the King of Sweden from 1907 will his death in 1950. He was the oldest monarch in the history of Sweden and also the last Swedish monarch to exercise his royal prerogatives.
  • 1806 Born: Edward Davy, English physician and chemist, inventor of an electric relay.
  • 1801 Born: Julius Plücker, German mathematician and physicist, who made fundamental contributions to the field of analytical geometry. He also pioneered investigations of cathode rays, that led to discovery of the electron.
  • 1612 Born: Murad IV, the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1623 to 1640. Murad IV was known for restoring the authority of the state and his brutal methods. He was 11 when he took the throne.