Portugal Day is observed annually on June 10 in Portugal and the Portuguese Communities. This is an official holiday only in Portugal, but the Portuguese citizens and emigrants also celebrate this holiday worldwide.
Many former colonies have a public holiday named Abolition Day or Emancipation Day that commemorates the abolition of slavery. For instance, Abolition Day in French Guiana is celebrated on June 10. It was first observed in 2012.
Every year all children of Haiti celebrate National Children Day on June 10. This holiday was created to remind children, that they also have rights.
This Day in History
2008Died: Chinghiz Aitmatov, Kyrgyzstani author, the most influential figure in modern Kyrgyzstan literature, the first ambassador for the Soviet Union and later for Kyrgyzstan to the European Union, NATO, UNESCO and the Benelux countries.
2004Died: Ray Charles, American singer-songwriter, pianist, and actor, sometimes referred to as The Genius. He pioneered the genre of soul music by combining rhythm and blues, gospel and blues styles.
2003A robotic rover Spirit was launched to Mars in the course of NASA's Mars Exploration Rover mission.
1982Died: Gala Dalí, wife of first Paul Éluard and then Salvador Dalí. She inspired them and many other writers and artists.
1977One of the first personal computers, Apple II, went on sale.
1976Died: Adolph Zukor, Hungarian-American film producer, remembered as the co-founder of Paramount Pictures.
1967Died: Spencer Tracy, American actor and singer, one of the major Hollywood stars of the Golden Age, nine-time nominee for Academy Awards for Best Actor and two-times winner.
1967The Six-Day War ended, when Israel and Syria agreed to a cease-fire.
1965Born: Elizabeth Hurley, English model and actress. She is usually associated with the cosmetics company Estée Lauder, since she was its model. She played in Austin Powers: International Man of Mystery and Bedazzled.
1964Born: Vincent Pérez, Swiss actor and director, best known for playing the title character in The Crow: City of Angels, for starring in Queen of the Damned.
1949Died: Sigrid Undset, Norwegian author. Her work and partly her four-volume The Master of Hestviken brought her Nobel Prize in Literature in 1928.
1944German Waffen-SS company destroyed the village Oradour-sur-Glane, France. 642 men, women and children were killed. The original village is maintained as a permanent memorial and museum.
1940World War II: Italy declared war on France and the United Kingdom.
1930Born: Aranka Siegal, Czech-American author, Holocaust survivor, recipient of Newbery Honor Boston Globe-Horn Book Award. She's best known for the book Upon the Head of the Goat: A Childhood in Hungary 1930-1944. Her books are translated into several different languages and sold worldwide.
1926Died: Antoni Gaudí, Spanish architect, whose works enjoy global popularity. Most of this works are located in Barcelona, Spain, including the Sagrada Família.
1922Born: Judy Garland, American actress and singer, best known for her vocals. She's much respected for her versatility and she received a Juvenile Academy Award and won a Golden Globe Award as well as Grammy Awards and a Special Tony Award.
1915Born: Saul Bellow, Canadian-American author, Pulitzer Prize recipient and Nobel Prize laureate, the only writer to win the National Book Award for Fiction three times.
1886153 people died due to eruption of Mount Tarawera in New Zealand. Eruption also destroyed Pink and White Terraces, natural wonders of New Zealand. It continued for 3 months, creating a 17-kilometer long fissure across the mountain peak.
1864Battle of Brice's Crossroads, American Civil War: Confederate troops under Nathan Bedford Forrest defeated a much larger Union force led by General Samuel D. Sturgis in Mississippi.
1863Born: Louis Couperus, Dutch author and poet, considered to be one of the foremost figures in Dutch literature.
1858Died: Robert Brown, Scottish botanist and palaeobotanist. He made important contributions to botany through pioneering us of the microscope. He was the first to describe in detail the cell nucleus and cytoplasmic streaming and observe Brownian motion.
1836Died: André-Marie Ampère, French physicist and mathematician, one of the founders of the science of classical electromagnetism. The ampere, the SI unit of measurement of electric current, is named after him.
1825Born: Sondre Norheim, Norwegian skier and pioneer of modern skiing, he is known as the father of Telemark skiing.
1819Born: Gustave Courbet, French painter, leader of the Realist movement in the 19th-century France. He was one of the most important figures in the 19th-centurty French painting and he set an example important to later artist of Impressionism and Cubism.
1805Yusuf Karamanli, Pasha of Tripolitania (present-day Libya) signed a treaty ending hostilities between the United States and Tripolitania.
1803Born: Henry Darcy, French engineer, known for important contributions to hydraulics, he improved the design of the Pitot tube into the form, that is still in use today.
1793Born: Chauncey Jerome, American clockmaker, who made a fortune selling his clocks. He made historic contributions to clock industry and considered to be the most influential and creative person in the American clock business.
1793The botanical garden the Jardin des Planetes opened in Paris, a year later it became the first public zoo. Nowadays the Jardin des Planetes is the main botanical garden in France.
1786A landslide dam created on the Dadu River, Sichuan province, China, by an earthquake ten days later collapsed. 100,000 people were killed.
1580Died: Luís de Camões, considered to be the best Portuguese poet. He is best remembered for epic work Os Lusíadas (The Lusiads).