Holidays Calendar for November 11, 2016

Veterans Day is a United States federal holiday that has been observed annually on November 11 since 1919, although initially it was referred to as Armistice Day. This holiday honors military veterans, i.e., people who have served in the United States Armed Forces.

National Independence Day is a public holiday in Poland celebrated on November 11. It commemorates the establishment of the Second Polish Republic in 1918. Restoration of Poland's sovereignty coincided with the end of the First World War.

November 11 is Remembrance Day (also known as Poppy Day) in the Commonwealth of Nations and some other countries. This day commemorates the end of the World War I.

Independence Day in Angola is celebrated on November 11. This national holiday commemorates Angola's independence from Portugal in 1975.

Republic Day in the Maldives is celebrated on November 11. This public holiday commemorates the abolition of monarchy and establishment of the Republic of Maldives in 1968.

Cartagena Independence Day is a Colombian public holiday celebrated on November 11. Cartagena is the capital of the Bolívar Department, the proclamation of its independence from Spain in 1811 was an important step towards the independence of Colombia.

The birthday of King Jigme Singye Wangchuck is a public holiday celebrated in Bhutan on November 11. It was instituted when Jigme Singye Wangchuck ascended the throne as the 4th Druk Gyalpo (Dragon King) in 1972. The holiday is also known as Constitution Day.

Saint Martin's Day, also known as the Feast of Saint Martin, is the feast day of Saint Martin of Tours. It falls on November 11. It used to be a very popular harvest festival in Europe, celebrated with fairs and feasting.

National Education Day in India is celebrated on November 11. It marks the birth anniversary of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, who served as the first Minister of Education of India from 1947 to 1958.

Lāčplēsis Day (Lāčplēša Diena) is a Latvian remembrance day observed on November 11. It commemorates the victory of the Latvian Army over the West Russian Volunteer Army led by Pavel Bermondt-Avalov in 1919.

The National Sundae Day is celebrated on November 11 which is quite ironic as the sundae is an ice cream dessert. Perhaps, this food-related holiday is intended to remind us of summer.

Singles' Day, also known as Bachelors' Day, is an informal holiday in China celebrated on November 11. This date was chosen for the connection between single people and the number 1, which is repeated four times in the date 11/11.

Pocky Day and Pepero Day are similar unofficial observances held on November 11 in Japan and South Korea, respectively. They are dedicated to chocolate-coated biscuit sticks known as Pocky in Japan and Pepero and South Korea.

On November 11 at 11:11 AM, the carnival season is declared open in Germany. It is sometimes referred to as “the fifth season”. The biggest celebration occurs in Cologne, North Rhine-Westphalia.

This Day in History

  • 2011 Bethesda Softworks released The Elder Scrolls V: Skyrim to universal acclaim. The game became one of the fastest selling video games of all time.
  • 2010 Died: Marie Osborne Yeats, American actress. She was the first major child star of American silent films, beginning her career at the age of 3. She was usually billed simply as Baby Marie.
  • 2005 Died: Peter Drucker, Austrian-born American educator, consultant and author. His writings contributed to the philosophical and practical foundations of the modern business corporation and he is often regarded as the founder of modern management.
  • 2004 Died: Yasser Arafat, Palestinian engineer and politician, the 1st President of the Palestinian National Authority. In 1994 he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his role in Oslo accords.
  • 2000 155 skiers and snowboarders died when a cable car caught on fire in an alpine tunnel in Kaprun, Austria. Most of the victims were the Austrians.
  • 1993 Died: Erskine Hawkins, American trumpet player. He is most remembered for composing the jazz standard Tuxedo Junction, that became a popular hit during World War II.
  • 1992 The General Synod of the Church of England voted to allow women to become priests.
  • 1984 Died: Martin Luther King, Sr., American activist, missionary and pastor. He was the leader of the American Civil Rights Movement, that ended racial segregation and discrimination in the USA.
  • 1974 Born: Leonardo DiCaprio, American actor and producer, known for roles in successful films Titanic, Romeo + Juliet, The Man in the Iron Mask, Gangs of New York, The Great Gatsby, The Wolf of Wall Street.
  • 1973 Died: Artturi Ilmari Virtanenf, Finnish chemist, remembered for his contributions to chemistry. In 1945 he received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his research and inventions in agricultural and nutrition chemistry.
  • 1973 Born: Jason White, American musician, current lead guitarist of American puck rock band Green Day.
  • 1962 Born: Demi Moore, American actress and model. She started her career at the age of 16, becoming a model and debuted on the soap opera General Hospital in 1981. She starred in a number of successful films, including Charlie's Angels: Full Throttle, Striptease, Ghost, Indecent Proposal etc.
  • 1961 A mob massacred 13 Italian Air Force servicemen, deployed to the Congo as a part of the UN peacekeeping force.
  • 1951 Born: Kim Peek, American savant, known for his exceptional memory. His inborn brain abnormalities caused the increase of memory capacity. He is able to memorize 98% of information, at the same time he experiences social difficulties.
  • 1945 Died: Jerome Kern, American composer, one of the most important American theater composers of the early 20th century. He is known a number of successful songs, including Ol' Man River, A Fine Romance, All the Things You Are etc.
  • 1940 The first aircraft carrier strike in history was launched by the Royal Navy on the Italian fleet at Taranto.
  • 1938 Died: Mary Mallon, known as Typhoid Mary. She was the first person in the USA identified as an asymptomatic carrier of the pathogen associated with typhoid fever. She spent nearly 30 yeas in isolation.
  • 1930 Albert Einstein and Leó Szilárd obtained a patent for their invention, known as the Einstein refrigerator. The Swedish company Electrolux bought the up the patents and constructed few other units, that forced out the Einstein refrigerators.
  • 1918 Germany signed an armistice agreement with the Allies in the forest of Compiègne, France. The fighting officially ended at 11:00 am, and this time is commemorated annually with a two minute of silence. The war officially ended on June 28, 1919 after the signing of the Treaty of Versailles.
  • 1918 Emperor Charles I of Austria relinquished power and moved to Castle Eckartsau, east of Vienna. The next day the independent Republic of German-Austria was proclaimed.
  • 1917 Died: Liliuokalani, Queen of the Kingdom of Hawaii. She was the last monarch of the kingdom, ruling it from January 29, 1891 to January 17, 1893.
  • 1904 Born: J. H. C. Whitehead, British mathematician, one of the founders of homotopy theory.
  • 1882 Born: Gustaf VI Adolf, King of Sweden from October 29, 1950 till his death. During his life he was an amateur archaeologist and was interested in Ancient Italian cultures.
  • 1879 Born: Frans Snyders, Flemish painter of animals and still life. He is known as one of the earliest specialists animaliers.
  • 1869 The Victorian Aboriginal Protection Act was enacted in Australia. It gave the government control of indigenous people's wages, their terms of employment, where they could live and of their children, effectively leading to the Stolen Generation.
  • 1864 Born: Alfred Hermann Fried, Austrian journalist and activist. In 1911 he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize, that he shared with Tobias Asser for their role in the formation of the Permanent Court of Arbitration at the First Hague Conference in 1899.
  • 1864 Union General William Tecumseh Sherman began burning Atlanta, Georgia to the ground in preparation for his march south.
  • 1748 Born: Charles IV, King of Spain from December 14, 1788 till his abdication on March 19, 1808.
  • 1638 Died: Cornelis van Haarlem, Dutch painter of the Dutch Golden Age period. He was one of the leading Northern mannerist artists in the Netherlands.
  • 1493 Born: Philippus Aureolus Theophrastus Bombastus von Hohenheim, known by another name Paracelsus, Swiss physician, botanist, alchemist, astrologer and occultist. He founded the discipline of toxicology, gave name to zinc, calling it zincum, and made a revolution insisting upon using observations of nature instead of looking to ancient texts.