Holidays Calendar for November 18, 2016

Proclamation of the Republic is celebrated in Latvia on November 18. This public holiday is also known as Independence Day, since its marks the beginning of a new era in the life of the country.

National Day is celebrated in Oman annually on November 18. This holiday was started to celebrate birthday of Sultan Qaboos bin Said al Said.

The Moroccans annually celebrate Independence Day on November 18. This public holiday was introduced to celebrate the anniversary of declaration of independence of Morocco from Spain and France in 1956.

Battle of Vertières Day is a public holiday in Haiti. It's annually celebrated on November 18 to commemorate the victory of the Battle of Vertières in the Second War of Haitian Independence in 1803.

The Battle of Vukovar was one of the major battles in the Croatian War of Independence. The battle was a 87-day siege, that ended on November 18, 1991. Anniversary of the end of the siege is commemorated as Remembrance Day of the Sacrifice of Vukovar in 1991.

The National Vichyssoise Day is a food day observed on November 18. Vichyssoise is a thick creamy soup which is believed to be either of American or French origin.

Mickey Mouse is one of the most recognizable animal cartoon characters, created by the Walt Disney Company. It's considered, that November 18 is Mickey Mouse's Birthday, and this unofficial holiday is celebrated by all Disney's cartoon lovers around the world.


This Day in History

  • 2013 Died: Ljubomir Vračarević, Serbian martial artist. He founded Real Aikido, that is a mixture of aikido, judo and jujutsu with some modifications.
  • 2013 NASA launched the MAVEN (Mars Atmosphere and Volatile EvolutioN) probe to Mars. The probe reached Mars on September 22, 2014.
  • 1996 Approximately 1,600 ft (500 meters) of the Channel Tunnel from France to England were damaged, when a fire occurred on a traveling train. Several people were injured, nobody died.
  • 1991 Died: Gustáv Husák, Slovak politician, the 9th President of Czechoslovakia. His administration during 1969-1987 was known as the period of "Normalization" after the Prague Spring.
  • 1987 A fire broke at King's Cross St Pancras underground station, the busiest station in London. 31 people died and at least 100 others injured.
  • 1978 An American religious leader Jim Jones led his Peoples Temple to a mass murder-suicide in Jonestown, Guyana. The incident claimed 918 lives, including 270 children.
  • 1970 Born: Peta Wilson, American actress and model, the audience knows her best as Nikita in the television series La Femme Nikita.
  • 1969 Died: Joseph P. Kennedy, Sr., American businessman and statesman. He served as the United States Ambassador to the United Kingdom in 1938-1940. His son John Kennedy became President of the United States, serving from January 1, 1961 to November 22, 1963.
  • 1968 Born: Owen Wilson, American actor and screenwriter. He is best known for roles in Meet the Parents, Shanghai Moon, Shanghai Knights, Marley & Me, The Internship, the Night at the Museum trilogy etc.
  • 1963 The first push button telephone went into service.
  • 1962 Died: Niels Bohr, Danish physicist. He made foundational contributions to understanding atomic structure and quantum theory. He received the Nobel Prize in Physics for this work in 1922.
  • 1962 Born: Kirk Hammett, American musician and songwriter. In 1983 he joined the heavy metal band Metallica and since then he's its leading guitarist.
  • 1961 Born: Steven Moffat, Scottish producer and screenwriter. He is known for his work as writer and producer of the British TV series Doctor Who and Sherlock.
  • 1947 A fire started in the Ballantyne's Department Store in Christchurch, New Zealand. 41 people died in blaze, making it the works fire disaster in the history of New Zealand.
  • 1941 Died: Walther Nernst, German physician, widely known for his theories behind the calculation of chemical affinity. This work won him the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1920.
  • 1928 Steamboat Willie, the first fully synchronized sound cartoon, was released by Walt Disney and Ub Iwerks. The cartoon featured the third appearance of cartoon characters Mickey Mouse and Minnie Mouse.
  • 1927 Died: Scipione Borghese, 10th Prince of Sulmona, Italian race car driver, explorer, and politician. He was a prominent explorer and traveler, finishing a journey in Asia from Beirut to the Pacific Ocean, and a racer. As a racer he won the Peking to Paris race in 1907.
  • 1922 Died: Marcel Proust, French author and critic, best known for his novel In Search of Lost Time. He is widely considered to be one of the greatest authors of all time.
  • 1901 Born: George Gallup, American statistician and academic. He invented the Gullup poll, a successful statistical method of survey sampling for measuring public opinion.
  • 1897 Born: Patrick Blackett, Baron Blackett, English physicist. His notable works made improvements into cloud chambers, cosmic rays and paleomagnetism. In 1948 he won the Nobel Prize in Physics for his investigation of cosmic rays using his invention of the counter-controlled cloud chamber.
  • 1888 Born: Tirumalai Krishnamacharya, Indian yoga teacher, healer and scholar. He is often referred to as the Father of Modern Yoga. He is credited with revival of hatha yoga and he is widely regarded as one of the most influential yoga teachers of the 20th century.
  • 1886 Died: Chester A. Arthur, American politician, the 21st President of the United States, serving from September 19, 1881 to March 4, 1885.
  • 1883 Five standard continental time zones were instituted by American and Canadian railroads. This ended the confusion of thousands of local times.
  • 1863 King Christian IX of Denmark signed the November constitution, that declared Schleiswig to be part of Denmark. This act was regarded by the German Confederation as a violation of the London Protocol and eventually lead to the German-Danish war in 1864.
  • 1836 Born: W. S. Gilbert, English playwright, poet, and illustrator, best remembered for his 14 comic operas (the Savoy operas), produced in collaboration with the composer Sir Arthur Sullivan. His most famous operas include H.M.S. Pinafore, The Pirates of Penzance and The Mikado.
  • 1828 Born: John Langdon Down, British physician. He is best known for description of a relatively common genetic disorder, that is now called Down syndrome, that he originally classified in 1862.
  • 1827 Died: Wilhelm Hauff, German poet and novelist. He wrote numerous novels and short stories, but he is best known for his fairy tales.
  • 1787 Born: Louis Daguerre, French artist and photographer. He invented the daguerreotype process of photography and he's known as one of the fathers of photography.
  • 1689 Jacob van der Ulft, Dutch painter of the Dutch Golden Age. He is known for his landscape paintings and as the best glass painter of the century.
  • 1493 Christopher Columbus first sighted the island, that is now known as Puerto Rico.