Holidays Calendar for November 12, 2016

People of Azerbaijan annually celebrate Constitution Day on November 12. This is a national working day, that celebrates the anniversary of adoption of the Constitution on November 12, 1995.

November 12 is Journée Nationale Maoré, that is a public holiday in Comoros. Establishment of this holiday is connected with the history of the Union of the Comoros, particularly the relations between this state and France.

East Timor annually celebrates Notional Youth Day on November 12. Institution of this holiday is connected with a grieving event in the history of the country.

World Pneumonia Day is annually observed on November 12 since 2009. This observance was introduced to raise public awareness of the death toll among children under 5 caused by pneumonia.

Sun Yat-sen's Birthday is an unofficial holiday in the Republic of China, that is observed on November 12. This holiday commemorates the birthday anniversary of a prominent Chinese revolutionary and politician Sun Yat-sen. The holiday is also known as Doctor's Day, since Sun Yat-sen was also a doctor.

People across Luxembourg grab their shovels and go out to fields and streets to plant trees on the second Saturday in November. This day marks the celebration of National Tree Day, an annual event since 1992.


November 12 is the National Pizza with the Works Except Anchovies Day, also referred to as the National Pizza With Everything (Except Anchovies) Day.

Most countries observed Father's Day on the third Sunday in June, but Indonesia is an exception. Indonesians celebrate Father's Day on November 12. However, the holiday is not official and does not enjoy wide popularity.

This Day in History

  • 2014 The robotic European Space Agency lander Philae achieved the first-ever soft landing on a comet nucleus (comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko).
  • 2012 Died: Daniel N. Stern, American psychiatrist and psychoanalytic theorist. His most notable work is The Interpersonal World of the Infant (1985).
  • 2007 Died: Ira Levin, American novelist, playwright, lyricist, and librettist. His best known works include the novels Rosemary's Baby and The Stepford Wives.
  • 2003 Chinese magnetic levitation train Shanghai Transrapid set a new world speed record for commercial railway systems (501 kilometers/311 miles per hour).
  • 2003 Died: Penny Singleton (born Dorothy McNulty), American film actress. She is best known for her role as Blondie Bumstead in a series of 28 films.
  • 1997 Kuwaiti terrorist Ramzi Yousef was found guilty of masterminding the 1993 World Trade Center bombing, which killed 6 people and injured over a thousand.
  • 1996 Saudi Arabian Airlines Boeing 747-100B and a Kazakhstan Airlines Ilyushin Il-76 collided mid-air over India, killing all 312 people on board both planes.
  • 1994 Died: Wilma Rudolph, American track and field athlete. She was considered the fastest woman in the world in the 1960s and competed in two Olympic Games.
  • 1990 Crown Prince Akihito was crowned Emperor of Japan, becoming the 125th Japanese monarch. The era of Akihito's reign is known as the Heisei period.
  • 1986 Died: Erich Koch, German Nazi leader. He served as a Gauleiter (regional branch leader) of the Nazi Party (NSDAP) in East Prussia from 1928 to 1945.
  • 1982 Born: Anne Hathaway, American actress, singer, and producer known for her role in such films as The Princess Diaries, The Devil Wears Prada, Les Misérables.
  • 1981 Died: William Holden, American actor who won the Academy Award for Best Actor in 1953 for his role as J.J. Sefton in Billy Wilder's war film Stalag 17.
  • 1980 Born: Ryan Gosling, Canadian actor, film director, producer, screenwriter, and musician. His breakthrough role was Noah Calhoun in The Notebook (2004).
  • 1970 A devastating tropical cyclone struck East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) and part of India. With about 500,000 casualties, it is the deadliest tropical cyclone in history.
  • 1970 Born: Craig Parker, New Zealand actor known for his roles as Haldir the The Lord of the Rings film trilogy and Darken Rahl in Legend of the Seeker.
  • 1945 Born: Neil Young, Canadian singer-songwriter, musician, filmmaker, and environmentalist. His best known songs include Heart of Gold, Ohio, Helpless.
  • 1933 Hugh Gray took the first known photograph alleged to be of the Loch Ness Monster. The image is blurred, and critics have claimed Gray photographed his dog.
  • 1929 Born: Michael Ende, German author of fantasy and children's fiction. He is best known for his fantasy novel The Neverending Story published in 1979.
  • 1929 Born: Grace Kelly, American actress who became the Princess of Monaco after marrying Prince Rainier III in 1956. She met him at the Cannes Film Festival.
  • 1921 The Washington Naval Conference, also known as the Washington Disarmament Conference, began. It was the first international conference held in the US.
  • 1920 The Treaty of Rapallo was signed between the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovene and the Kingdom of Italy in the town of Rapallo, near Genoa, Italy.
  • 1918 The Republic of German-Austria was officially proclaimed a day after Charles I of Austria relinquished his right to take part in Austrian affairs of state.
  • 1916 Died: Percival Lowell, American businessman, writer, mathematician, and astronomer. He is known as the founder of the Lowell Observatory in Arizona.
  • 1902 Died: William Henry Barlow, English civil engineer, particularly associated with railway engineering projects. He was also an experimenter and inventor.
  • 1865 Died: Elizabeth Gaskell (née Stevenson), British novelist and short story writer. Elizabeth Gaskell was the first to write a biography of Charlotte Brontë.
  • 1840 Born: Auguste Rodin, French sculptor. His best known works include The Thinker, The Burghers of Calais, The Walking Man, The Age of Bronze, The Kiss.
  • 1833 Born: Alexander Borodin, Russian chemist and Romantic composer known for his symphonies. He was a member of The Five, a famous group of composers.
  • 1817 Born: Bahá'u'lláh (born Mírzá Ḥusayn-`Alí Núrí), Persian religious leader who founded the Bahá'í Faith which emphasizes the spiritual unity of all humankind.
  • 1615 Born: Richard Baxter, English Puritan church leader, theologian, poet, and polemicist. He was one of the most influential leaders of Nonconformists.
  • 1035 Died: Cnut the Great, King of Denmark, England, Norway, and parts of Sweden, together known as the North Sea Empire. He reigned from 1016 until his death.