Holidays Calendar for November 9, 2016

The Azerbaijani people annually celebrate State Flag Day on November 9. This public holiday was established in 2009 to commemorate the anniversary of adoption of the flag of Azerbaijan in 1918.

Allama Iqbal Day is one of the public holidays in Pakistan. It's annually celebrated on November 9, that is anniversary of the birthday of a great poet of Muhammad Iqbal.

Independence Day is a national holiday in Cambodia. The holiday is annually celebrated on November 9 to mark the anniversary of declaration of independence from France in 1953.

Cultural Workers and Folk Artists Day in Ukraine is celebrated annually on the third Sunday in May. This professional holiday was instituted by President of Ukraine Leonid Kuchma in 2000 and has been celebrated ever since.

On November 9, German-speaking countries (Austria, Germany and Switzerland) celebrate Inventors' Day. This holiday falls on the birthday of Hedy Lamarr who invented the frequency-hopped spread spectrum.

Thousands of Bolivians are attracted by a bizarre pre-Columbian tradition to the central cemetery in La Paz, Bolivia to participate in annual Day of the Skull (Dia de los Natitas). The festival takes place on November 9, a week after the end of another festival, Day of the Dead.

Ukrainian Writing and Language Day is an official holiday, that is annually celebrated on November 9. This holiday was established by President of Ukraine Leonid Kuchma in 1997.

International Day Against Fascism and Antisemitism is annually observed on November 9. This date was chosen to commemorate the anniversary of the beginning of the mass pogroms in Europe, that is known as Kristallnacht.

The date of November 9 is referred to as Schicksalstag (fateful day) in Germany. There are five notable events in the history of the country that are connected with this day, and not all of them are happy ones.

World Freedom Day is an annual observance in the United States first declared in 2001 by President George W. Bush. It is celebrated on November 9, which marks the anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall.

November 9 is the National Scrapple Day. It is an informal food-related holiday dedicated to the meat dish invented by the Pennsylvania Dutch. It is best known as a rural American food in Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Virginia, Maryland, and Delaware.


This Day in History

  • 2012 A prison riot broke out at Welikada Prison in Sri Lanka during a search for illegal arms. It resulted in the deaths of 27 people, another 40 were injured.
  • 2006 Died: Markus Wolf, East German intelligence officer who served as head of the Main Directorate for Reconnaissance, the foreign intelligence division of the Stasi.
  • 2005 The European Space Agency launched Venus Express (VEX), its first Venus exploration mission. The mission was concluded in December 2014.
  • 1998 Capital punishment was completely abolished in the United Kingdom by the Human Rights Act 1998. The Act came into force on October 2, 2000.
  • 1994 The team of the GSI Helmholtz Centre for Heavy Ion Research near Darmstadt, Germany discovered a new chemical element which was named darmstadtium.
  • 1991 Died: Yves Montand (born Ivo Livi), Italian-born French actor and singer. He is known for his roles in Let's Make Love, Jean de Florette, Manon des Sources.
  • 1989 The fall of the Berlin Wall began. The wall was constructed by the German Democratic Republic (GDR) in 1961, it was one of the symbols of the Cold War.
  • 1985 22-year-old Garry Kasparov became the youngest ever undisputed World Chess Champion by defeating Anatoly Karpov. Both chess players were from the USSR.
  • 1979 The North American Aerospace Defense Command computers detected purported massive Soviet nuclear strike. It was a false alarm caused by a system failure.
  • 1970 Died: Charles de Gaulle, French statesman, general, resistant, and writer. He founded the Fifth Republic and served as president of France from 1958 to 1969.
  • 1953 Died: Ibn Saud, commonly known within the Arab world as Abdulaziz, the first King of Saudi Arabia, the third Saudi State. He reigned from 1932 until his death.
  • 1952 Died: Chaim Weizmann, Zionist leader and Israeli politician and statesman who served as the first President of Israel from 1949 until his death in 1952.
  • 1951 Born: Lou Ferrigno, American actor, fitness trainer, and retired professional bodybuilder. He is known for starring in the television series The Incredible Hulk.
  • 1948 Born: Luiz Felipe Scolari, also known as Felipão, Brazilian football manager and former professional footballer. He won the FIFA World Cup for Brazil in 2002.
  • 1940 Died: Neville Chamberlain, British Conservative politician and statesman who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from May 1937 to May 1940.
  • 1938 In Nazi Germany and Austria, a pogrom against Jews was carried out by SA paramilitary forces and non-Jewish civilians. It is known as Kristallnacht (Crystal Night).
  • 1936 Born: Mikhail Tal, Soviet chess Grandmaster and the 8th World Chess Champion (from 1960 to 1961). He is regarded as the best attacking player of all time.
  • 1934 Born: Carl Sagan, American astronomer, astrophysicist, astrobiologist, cosmologist, and science communicator best known for his research of extraterrestrial life.
  • 1918 Died: Guillaume Apollinaire, French poet, novelist, short story writer, playwright, and art critic. He is credited with coining the terms "Orphism" and "Surrealism".
  • 1897 Born: Ronald George Wreyford Norrish, British chemist who was awarded the 1967 Nobel Prize in Chemistry, along with George Porter and Manfred Eigen.
  • 1888 Died: Mary Jane Kelly, also known as Ginger, Black Mary or Fair Emma, English woman who is widely believed to be the final victim of Jack the Ripper.
  • 1888 Born: Jean Monnet, French political economist and diplomat widely regarded as the chief architect of European unity and the founding father of the European Union.
  • 1877 Born: Muhammad Iqbal, Pakistani academic, poet, philosopher, barrister, and politician. He is widely regarded as having inspired the Pakistan Movement.
  • 1832 Born: Émile Gaboriau, French novelist and journalist. Gaboriau is a pioneer of detective fiction. He is best known for his detective novel Monsieur Lecoq.
  • 1818 Born: Ivan Turgenev, renowned Russian novelist, short story writer, and playwright. His most prominent works include Fathers and Sons and Home of the Gentry.
  • 1801 Born: Gail Borden, American land surveyor, newspaper publisher, businessman, and inventor. He is probably best known as the creator of condensed milk.
  • 1799 In France, General Napoleon Bonaparte led the coup of 18 Brumaire, overthrowing the Directory and replacing it with the French Consulate.
  • 1778 Died: Giovanni Battista Piranesi, Italian artist best known for his etchings of Rome and a series of sixteen prints entitled the Prisons (Carceri d'invenzione).
  • 1677 Died: Aert van der Neer, Dutch landscape painter. His most prominent works include Landscape with Windmill and Moonlit Landscape with Bridge.
  • 1520 About 90 people were executed as the result of an invasion of Sweden by Danish forces led by King Christian. This event is known as the Stockholm Bloodbath.