Holidays Calendar for October 2, 2016

Independence Day in Guinea is celebrated on October 2. This public holiday commemorates the independence of the Republic of Guinea from France in 1958.

Mahatma Gandhi's Birthday (Gandhi Jayanti) is one of the three national holidays celebrated in India, the other two being Republic Day and Independence Day. It is observed on October 2. Mahatma Gandhi is often unofficially referred to as the Father of the Indian Nation.

Pchum Ben (Ancestors' Day) is a fifteen-day Cambodian festival, considered unique to this country. It is one of Cambodia's most important holidays. The final three days of Pchum Ben were designated as a public holiday.

In some former Soviet republics, Teacher's Day is celebrated on the first Sunday in October. This professional holiday was officially established in 1965 by the presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union.

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Every year billions of animals are slaughtered for food and almost all of them are kept in farms. World Day for Farmed Animals, that is annually observed on October 2, was established to raise public awareness about these animals

National Batik Day (Hari Batik Nasional) is an Indonesian holiday celebrated on October 2. It marks the anniversary of the day Indonesian batik was designated as a Masterpiece of Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity in 2009.

Tender and sweet fried scallops are a very delightful dish. No wonder there even is a holiday dedicated to them. The National Fried Scallops Day is celebrated on October 2.

Mehregan is an ancient Zoroastrian and Persian festival of autumn. It is still celebrated in present-day Iran, falling on the 196th day of the year in the Persian calendar (October 2 in the Gregorian calendar).

On the first Sunday of October, Germans celebrate the harvest festival known as Erntedankfest, Erntedank or Erntefest. It is somewhat similar to Thanksgiving festivals in other countries because it focuses on thanking the God for the harvest gifts.

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International Day of Non-Violence is an annual observance that was established by the United Nations General Assembly in 2007. The day is observed on October 2, marking the birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi.

Italian grandfathers and grandmothers annually celebrate their favorite holiday, Grandparents' Day on October 2. This holiday was introduced by the government of Italy in 2005.

Father's Day in Luxembourg is celebrated on the first Sunday in October. Although it is not a public holiday, it is observed by many Luxembourgians who want to express love and gratitude to their fathers.

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Grandparents' Day exists in the United Kingdom for a long time, but it's still not so popular, as Mother's Day and Father's Day. Annually many organizations promote it and special cards are printed to congratulate elderly people on this holiday.

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South Africa takes a number of steps to improve life and protect rights and interests of elder persons. Celebration of Grandparents' Day on the first Sunday in October highlights the achievements made by the government.

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This Day in History

  • 2017 Died: Tom Petty, American musician, singer, songwriter, multi instrumentalist and record producer. He was best known as the lead singer of Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers.
  • 2008 Died: Rob Guest, British-born Australian actor and singer, best known for his work in Australian musical theater in various productions of The Phantom of the Opera. He played the lead for a record 2,289 performances over seven yeas, more than any other performer.
  • 2006 American milk truck driver Charles Carl Roberts started shooting at an Amish school in Nickel Mines, Pennsylvania. He killed five girls before committing suicide.
  • 1996 A Boeing 757 Aeroperú Flight 603 en route from Miami, Florida to Santiago, Chile with stopovers in Ecuador and Peru crashed into the Pacific Ocean shortly after the takeoff from Lima, Peru. All 70 people on board, including 9 crew members, died.
  • 1990 Xiamen Airlines Flight 8301 was hijacked by a 21-year old Jiang Xiaofeng, a purchasing agent from China seeking political asylum in Taiwan. The plane landed at Guangzhou, South China, where it collided with two other planes, resulting in deaths of 128 people.
  • 1988 Died: Alec Issigonis, Greek-English designer, widely noted for the design of groundbreaking and influential development of the Mini, launched by the British Motor Company in 1959.
  • 1987 Died: Peter Medawar, British biologist, known for his work on graft rejection and the discovery of acquired immune tolerance. In 1960 he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his works and today he's generally regarded as the father of transplantation.
  • 1985 Died: Rock Hudson, American actor, best known for his leading roles in the Hollywood films of the 1950s and 1960s. He played in a number of films, including Magnificent Obsession, Giant, Pillow Tank, Send Me No Flowers etc.
  • 1973 Died: Paavo Nurmi, Finnish runner, nicknamed the Flying Finn. He set 22 official world records and won a total of 9 gold and 3 silver medals in his 12 events in the Olympic Games.
  • 1973 Born: Lene Nystrøm, Norwegian singer, songwriter, the lead vocalist of the Danish-Norwegian dance pop group Aqua. The group achieved huge success during the late 1990s and early 2000s with its breakthrough single Barbie Girl.
  • 1970 Born: Kelly Ripa, American actress, best known for her role as Hayley Vaughan on the soap opera All My Children. Nowadays she is a co-host of the popular syndicated morning talk show Live! with Kelly and Michael.
  • 1968 Died: Marcel Duchamp, French painter and sculptor, whose work is associated with Dadaism. Although he didn't produce many masterpieces, his works were of much influence on the development of art during the second half of the 20th century.
  • 1968 President of Mexico Gustavo Díaz Ordaz ordered the soldiers to kill unarmed students, who gathered for peaceful demonstration in Mexico City. The massacre was hidden from the public eye and the 1968 Summer Olympics, hosted in Mexico City, started ten days after the massacre.
  • 1959 The first series of the The Twilight Zone premiered on CBS television in the USA.
  • 1951 Born: Gordon Matthew Thomas Sumner, known by the stage name Sting, English musician, singer, activist and actor. He received 16 Grammy Awards, 3 Brit Awards, a Golden Globe Award, an Emmy Award, and 3 Academy Award nominations. His best known songs are Englishman in New York, Desert Rose, Brand New Day etc.
  • 1949 Born: Annie Leibovitz, American photographer, known for her professional portraits of John Lennon. She had been the last person to professionally photograph Lennon before he was killed four hours later.
  • 1948 Born: Donna Karan, American fashion designer, founder of Donna Karan New York (DKNY) clothing label.
  • 1937 President of the Dominican Republic Rafael Trujilloi ordered the execution of the Haitian population living within the borderlands. Approximately 20,000 were killed over the next five days.
  • 1933 Born: John Gurdon, English developmental biologist, best known for his pioneering research in nuclear transplantation. In 2012 he shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for the discovery that mature cells can be converted to stem cells.
  • 1931 Died: Thomas Lipton, Scottish entrepreneur and yachtsman, known as the creator of the Lipton tea brand.
  • 1927 Died: Svante Arrhenius, Swedish scientist, one of the founders of physical chemistry. He was involved in setting up the Nobel Institutes and the Nobel Prizes and since 1901 till his death he was a member of the Nobel Committee on Physics and a member of the Nobel Committee on Chemistry.
  • 1920 Died: Max Bruch, German composer and conductor, author of over 200 works, including three violin concertos. One of his concertos became a staple of the violin repertory.
  • 1917 Born: Christian de Duve, Belgian cytologist and biochemist, remembered for his serendipitous discoveries of two cells organelles, peroxisome and lysosome. In 1974 he shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for the discoveries on the structural and functional organization of the cell.
  • 1904 Born: Graham Greene, English writer, regarded as one of the greatest writers of the 20th century. He wrote 25 novels during his career, including The Man Within, The Power and the Glory, Our Man in Havana, but he's never been awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature.
  • 1869 Born: Mahatma Gandhi, Indian activist and philosopher, the leader of Indian nonviolent independence movement. He inspired a number of peaceful movements for civil rights and freedoms across the world.
  • 1852 Born: William Ramsay, British chemist, best known for the discovery of noble gases. His discovery brought him the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1904.
  • 1814 Spanish Royalist troops under Mariano Osorio defeated rebel Chilean forces of Bernardo O'Higgins and José Miguel Carrera in the Battle of Rancagua. This battle put an end to the independent Chilean Partia Vieja and began the reconquering period in Chile.
  • 1804 Died: Nicolas-Joseph Cugnot, French inventor, known to have built the first working itself-propelled mechanical vehicle, which is the world's first automobile.
  • 1789 George Washington sent the Constitutional amendments (they are known aw the United States Bill of Rights) to the States for ratification.
  • 1535 Jacques Cartier became the first European to visit the settlement of Hochelaga in Canada. Seventy years later Samuel Champlain established there a fur trading post, naming it La Place Royale, that eventually became Montreal.
  • 1263 The Battle of Largs was fought between the kingdoms of Norway and Scotland. This was one of the most important battles during the Scottish-Norwegian War with Scotland defeating Norway. Even today this event represents a glorious Scottish victory over invading Vikings.