Holidays Calendar for October 13, 2016

Prince Louis Rwagasore was a national leader of Burundi and a hero fighting for independence of the nation from Belgian colonial rule. He was assassinated on October 13, 1961 and the anniversary of his death is known as Prince Rwagasore Day in Burundi.

World Sight Day is an annual awareness day held by the International Agency for the Prevention of Blindness (IAPB) on the second Thursday in October. It focuses on raising public awareness of vision impairment and blindness.


Thailand has many national observances, that are regulated by government, but they are not always observed as actual holidays. One of such observances is National Police Day, that annually falls on October 13.

Traditionally women play the role of mothers and they rarely dedicate themselves to scientific research. Even if they do so, their scientific achievements usually stay out of sight, but celebration of Ada Lovelace Day in mid of October may change this situation.

October 13 is the National Yorkshire Pudding Day in the United States. This food-related holiday is dedicated to an iconic British pastry which is a staple of the traditional British Sunday roast.

International Day for Disaster Reduction is one of the United Nations international days. This day is observed by every member country of the UN every year on October 13.

This Day in History

  • 2013 A stampede broke out during celebration of Hindu festival Navratri near the Ratangarh Mata Temple in Datia district, Madhya Pradesh, India. 115 people were killed and over 110 injured.
  • 2010 33 Chilean miners arrived at the surface after the mining accident in Copiapó, that occurred on August 5. The miners survived 69 days in the mine awaiting rescue.
  • 2008 Died: Guillaume Depardieu, French actor, winner of a César Award and the oldest child of Gérard Depardieu. He died at the hospital at the age of 37 after contracting severe viral pneumonia at a filming location.
  • 2003 Died: Bertram Brockhouse, Canadian physicist, Nobel Prize in Physics laureate for pioneering contributions to the development of neutron scattering techniques for studies of condensed matter. He received this award in 1994.
  • 1987 Died: Walter Houser Brattain, American physicist, one of the co-inventors of transistor. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics for this invention in 1956.
  • 1981 Born: Ian Thorpe, Australian swimmer, a five-time winner of Olympic gold medals and a six-time winner of gold medals in one World Championship. He is one of the most popular Australian athletes and was recognized as the Young Australian of the Year in 2000.
  • 1980 Born: Ashanti, American singer, songwriter, actress. She is best known for her debut album, that featured the hit song Foolish. As an actress she is known for work in films Bride and Prejudice, Resident Evil Extinction, Christmas in the City and on TV series Sabrina, the Teenage Witch, Buffy the Vampire Slayer etc.
  • 1980 Born: David Haye, British former boxer, undisputed cruiserweight world champion and WBA heavyweight champion.
  • 1976 A Bolivian Boeing 707 cargo jet crashed in Santa Cruz, Bolivia. 100 people were killed in the accident, 97 of them were children on the ground.
  • 1974 Died: Otto Binder, American author of science fiction and comic books. He is mainly remembered for the scripts for Captain Marvel Adventures and other stories involving the entire superhero Marvel Family.
  • 1972 Uruguayan Air Force Flight 571 crashed in the Andes mountains, near the border between Argentina and Chile. Due to avalanche the rescuing campaign started only in the second half of December, and only 16 out of 45 people lived long enough to be rescued.
  • 1968 Died: Bea Benaderet, American actress. She is best remembered for radio show The Jack Benny Program and television series Petticoat Junction and Green Acres. She also did a voice work in Warner Bros. animated cartoons of the 1940s and 1950s, most famously as Granny (Sylvester the Cat and Tweety animated shorts).
  • 1967 Born: Javier Sotomayor, Cuban sportsman, specializing in the high jump and the current world record holder. He is the only person ever to have cleared eight feet.
  • 1952 Born: Beverly Johnson, American model and actress. She became prominent after appearance on the cover of American Vogue in 1974 and on the cover of French edition of Elle in 1975. She became the first African-American model to appear on the covers of fashion magazines and was named one of the 20th century's most influential people in fashion.
  • 1946 France adopted the constitution of the Fourth Republic. It was replaced on October 4, 1958, when the constitution of the Fifth Republic was adopted, which is still the current constitution of France.
  • 1943 A new government of Italy sided with the Allies during World War II and declared war on Germany.
  • 1941 Born: Robert Hunter, Canadian journalist, environmentalist and author, a co-founder of Greenpeace in 1971. He lead the first anti-whaling campaigns that helped ban commercial whaling.
  • 1938 Died: E. C. Segar, American cartoonist, best known as the creator of Popeye, a pop culture character that first appeared in Segar's comic strip Thimble Theatre.
  • 1925 Born: Margaret Thatcher, English lawyer and politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1979 to 1990, the longest serving British Prime Minister of the 20th century and the only woman to have held the office.
  • 1921 The contemporary borders between Turkey and the South Caucasus states were established by the Treaty of Kars, signed by Russia, Armenia, Georgia, Azerbaijan and the Grand National Assembly of Turkey.
  • 1919 Deid: Karl Adolph Gjellerup, Danish poet and novelist, a member of the Modern Break-Through movement. In 1917 he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature, that he shared with his compatriot Henrik Pontoppidan.
  • 1917 Estimated 70,000 people in the field Cova da Iria in Fátima, Portugal witnessed the Miracle of the Sun. According to many witnesses, the sun appeared as an opaque, spinning disc in the sky after the period of rain. The sun was duller than normal and started casting multicolored lights across the landscape and careering towards the earth in a zigzag pattern.
  • 1887 Born: Jozef Tiso, Slovak priest and politician, the leader of the Slovak People's Party between 1939 and 1945 and the head of the First Slovak Republic. After the end of World War II he was convicted and hanged for treason.
  • 1884 Greenwich was established as Universal Time meridian of longitude.
  • 1882 Died: Arthur de Gobineau, French novelist and aristocrat, best remembered for developing the theory of the Aryan master race, that he presented in his book An Essay of the Inequality of the Human Races. His works are considered as the early examples of scientific racism.
  • 1862 Born: Mary Kingsley, English explorer and author. She is known for her travels throughout West Africa, that became the basis for her works. Her books helped shape European perceptions of African cultures and British imperialism.
  • 1822 Died: Antonio Canova, Italian sculptor, famous for his marble sculptures delicately rendering nude flesh. His notable works include Perseus with the Head of Medusa, Napoleon as Mars the Peacemaker, Pauline Bonaparte as Venus Victrix etc.
  • 1821 Born: Rudolf Virchow, German doctor, biologist, best known for his advancement of public health and as the founder of social medicine. He is called the father of modern pathology and he was the first to precisely describe and give names to various diseases, including leukemia, thrombosis and chordoma.
  • 1773 French astronomer Charles Messier discovered the Whirlpool Galaxy in the constellation Canes Venatici. It was the first galaxy to be classified as a spiral galaxy.
  • 1605 Died: Theodore Beza, French theologian and scholar, a key figure in the Reformation. He was a member of the monarchomaque movement, opposing absolute monarchy, and a disciple of John Calvin.