Holidays Calendar for October 7, 2016

Sukkot is a seven-day Jewish holiday. Its celebration starts on the 15th day of Tishrei. Along with Pesach and Shavuot, it belongs to Shalosh Regalim (the Three Pilgrimage Festivals), on which the Israelites were required to make a pilgrimage to the Holy Temple.

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Trigeminal Neuralgia (TN) is one of the most painful conditions ever known to humankind. The disorder is rather rare, however, many organizations raise public awareness of it. Observance of International Trigeminal Neuralgia Awareness Day on October 7 is one of the ways to educate people about TN.

World Smile Day is an informal holiday celebrated on the first Friday of October. It was created by the American commercial artist Harvey Ball in 1999. Ball is credited with creating the smiley face in 1963.

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Teachers and students in Laos annually observe Teachers' Day on October 7. This is a national holiday and different celebrations are organized across the country.

Armed Forces Day is annually observed in Montenegro on October 7. This is a holiday for all professional soldiers, who serve in the Montenegrin Armed Forces.

BOL Foundation Day is a bank holiday in Laos celebrated on October 7. It commemorates the establishment of the Bank of the Lao People’s Democratic Republic. Although it is not a public holiday, all banks are closed on the occasion, which essentially makes BOL Foundation Day the professional holiday of all bank employees in Laos.

Librarian Day is one of the official professional holidays in Armenia. Celebrated on October 7, it was officially included into the list of professional observances in 2004, according to the decision of the Armenian government.

Frappé coffee (also known as café frappeé or Greek frappé) originates in Greece though the word frappé is French. When describing a drink, this word means “chilled”. Frappé is an iced coffee drink which is made from instant coffee and covered with foam.

Day of Good Treatment is one of the recent observances, that were created in Puerto Rico. This observance was enacted by the legislature of Puerto Rico in 2010.

The 15th day of the month of Mehr (October 7 in the Gregorian calendar) is celebrated in Iran as Village and Tribe Day. The holiday was instituted in 2013 at the initiative of the Center for Rural Development to pay tribute to the residents of Iranian villages and their contribution to the development of the country’s economy.

Lee National Denim Day is a one-day fund-raising event, that's annually observed on the first Friday in October. This event was started in 1996 to contribute and support breast cancer research and wellness program.

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Many countries have holidays dedicated to children, and Singapore is no exception. Children's Day in Singapore is celebrated on the first Friday in October, although before 2011 it used to be marked on October 1.

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This Day in History

  • 2001 The United States invaded Afghanistan in the aftermath of the September 11 attacks, launching Operation During Freedom - Afghanistan.
  • 1998 Matthew Shepard, an American student at the University of Wyoming, was found tied to the fence. He was beaten and tortured for being gay.
  • 1994 Died: Niels Kaj Jerne, Danish immunologist who shared the 1984 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with César Milstein and Georges J. F. Köhler.
  • 1979 Born: Aaron and Shawn Ashmore, Canadian actors, identical twin brothers. Unlike many other twin actors, they often pursue roles independently.
  • 1967 Died: Norman Angell, English journalist, author, lecturer, and politician. He was awarded the 1933 Nobel Peace Prize for writing The Great Illusion.
  • 1967 Born: Toni Braxton, American singer-songwriter, musician, producer, actress, TV personality. One of her best known songs is Unbreak My Heart.
  • 1964 Born: Sam Brown, English singer-songwriter and musician. Her most successful song is Stop! It was released in 1988 and became a hit in 1989.
  • 1959 Soviet space probe Luna 3 took the first ever pictures of the far side of the Moon. A total of 29 pictures were taken, covering 70% of the far side.
  • 1959 Died: Mario Lanza (born Alfredo Arnold Cocozza), American opera singer (tenor) and Hollywood movie star of the late 1940s and the 1950s.
  • 1952 Born: Vladimir Putin, Russian politician and statesman, the second and fourth President of Russia. He also served as Prime Minister of Russia.
  • 1951 Died: Anton Philips, Dutch businessmen best known for serving as CEO of the Philips Company, founded by his father and brother in 1891.
  • 1950 Mother Teresa established Missionaries of Charity, a Roman Catholic Latin Rite religious congregation, in the city of Calcutta, India.
  • 1949 The German Democratic Republic, commonly known as East Germany, was formally established by the Socialist Unity Party of Germany (SED).
  • 1944 The Sonderkommando units of the Birkenau extermination camp staged an uprising against the SS guards and managed to destroy a crematorium.
  • 1939 Died: Harvey Cushing, American neurosurgeon, pioneer of brain surgery. Cushing is often referred to as the father of modern neurosurgery.
  • 1935 Born: Thomas Keneally, Australian novelist and playwright. His best known novel is Schindler's Ark, which was adapted for screen by Steven Spielberg.
  • 1931 Born: Desmond Tutu, South African social rights activist who was awarded the 1984 Nobel Peace Prize. He was an avid opponent of apartheid.
  • 1919 KLM (Royal Dutch Airlines) was founded by Albert Plesman in The Hague. It is the oldest airline in the world still operating under its original name.
  • 1900 Born: Heinrich Himmler, German military commander and a leading member of the Nazi Party. On Hitler's behalf, he built extermination camps.
  • 1896 Died: Emma Darwin (née Wedgwood), the wife of Charles Darwin, English naturalist, scientist and author of On the Origin of Species.
  • 1885 Born: Niels Bohr, Danish physicist who was awarded the 1922 Nobel Prize in Physics for his foundational contributions to understanding atomic structure.
  • 1879 Germany and Austria-Hungary created the Dual Alliance. The two empires pledged to aid one another in case of an attack by the Russian Empire.
  • 1849 Died: Edgar Allan Poe, American Romantic author, poet, literary critic, and editor. He is generally considered the inventor of the detective fiction genre.
  • 1841 Born: Nicholas I of Montenegro, the ruler of Montenegro from 1860 to 1918 (as sovereign prince from 1860 to 1910 and as king from 1910 to 1918).
  • 1826 One of the first railroad in the United States, the Granite Railway, began operation. It was designed and built by railway pioneer Gridley Bryant.
  • 1796 Died: Thomas Reid, Scottish philosopher who played an integral role in the Scottish Enlightenment. He advocated common sense realism.
  • 1708 Died: Guru Gobind Singh, Indian spiritual master, warrior, poet, and philosopher. Guru Gobind Singh was the last of the ten human Sikh Gurus.
  • 1577 Died: George Gascoigne, English poet and soldier who is regarded as one of the most important poets of the early Elizabethan era.
  • 1573 Born: William Laud, English churchman and academic, Archbishop of Canterbury from 1633, during the personal rule of King Charles I.
  • 1571 The Battle of Lepanto was fought. A fleet of the Holy League decisively defeated the fleet of the Ottoman Empire in the Gulf of Corinth, Greece.