Holidays Calendar for October 5, 2016

October 5 is Republic Day in Portugal. This holiday celebrates the proclamation of the Portuguese First Republic in 1910.

Constitution Day is a public holiday in the Republic of Vanuatu celebrated on October 5. It commemorates the signing of the Constitution of Vanuatu that took place on this day in 1979.

The Fast of Gedalia (Tzom Gedalya) is a Jewish fast day. It falls on 3 Tishrei, therefore it is also referred to as the fast of the seventh month (Tishrei is the seventh month of the ecclesiastical year in the Hebrew calendar).


International Day of No Prostitution (IDNP) is observed annually on October 5. This awareness day was first held in 2002 in some localities in the United States and Australia.

17 million people across the world suffer from cerebral palsy, a lifelong lasting disability with no known cure. World Cerebral Palsy Day was created as a global project to change the world of people living with cerebral palsy. It's annually observed on the first Wednesday in October.


World Meningitis Day is observed annually to raise awareness about a widespread disease that can affect anyone regardless of their age, gender or country of origin and is often fatal if not diagnosed and treated quickly. Originally observed on April 24, it was moved to October 5 in 2022.

Vranec World Day is observed annually on October 5. This wine-related holiday was created to celebrate a grape variety that originated in Montenegro but is widely grown in North Macedonia, as well as to promote Macedonian wines in general.

Global James Bond Day is an annual celebration of one of the most iconic fictional characters and one of the most popular and longest-running film franchises. It has been held every October 5 since 2012.

World Teachers' Day is an annual global observance that recognizes the significant contribution of teachers to society. It was officially established by UNESCO in 1994. World Teacher's Day is celebrated on October 5.

Engineer' Day is annually celebrated on October 5. This holiday was established to celebrate the foundation of the Engineers Society of Bolivia.

Armed Forces Day in Indonesia is celebrated on October 5. This holiday commemorates the creation of the People's Security Army (Tentara Keamanan Rakjat), the predecessor of the country's National Armed Forces, in 1945.

Law Enforcement Day is an official professional holiday in the Islamic Republic of Iran. It is celebrated on 13 Mehr according to the Solar Hijri calendar used in Iran, which corresponds to October 5 in the Gregorian calendar.

National Dolphin Day is observed in India annually on October 5. It was launched by the National Board for Wildlife and the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change in 2022 to raise awareness of the plight of Indian dolphins and highlight the importance of dolphin conservation efforts.

State Language Day is an official holiday in the Republic of Tajikistan. It was originally observed on July 22, but in 2009 the celebration was moved to October 5.

The birthday of Nar Bahadur Bhandari is an official holiday in the Indian state of Sikkim. It is celebrated on October 5 to honor the second Chief Minister of Sikkim who governed the state for fifteen years, from 1979 to 1994.

The National Apple Betty Day is dedicated to Ronald and Nancy Reagan's favorite dessert. Apple Betty is a variation of a traditional American dessert called Brown Betty.

Walk to School Day, also known as Walk & Bike to School Day, is an annual awareness event that typically takes place on the first Wednesday in October. It was established in 1997 and has been held each year ever since.


This Day in History

  • 2011 Died: Steve Jobs, America entrepreneur, inventor, co-founder of Apple Inc. and Pixar. He died of pancreatic cancer.
  • 2011 Died: Charles Napier, American actor. He mainly worked in supporting roles, playing policemen. Although he never played prominent leading roles, he appeared in a number of commercially successful films and television shows.
  • 2004 Died: Maurice Wilkins, English physicist and biologist remembered for research that contributed to the scientific understanding of phosphorescence, isotope separation, optical microscopy and X-ray diffraction, and to the development of radar. In 1962 he was awarded a Nobel Prize for discoveries concerning the molecular structure of nucleic acids and its significance for information transfer in living material.
  • 2003 Died: Timothy Treadwell, American naturalist and environmentalist, the founder of Grizzly People. He lived with grizzly bears for 13 summers. Together with his girlfriend he was killed by a brown bear in a park. Treadwell's life, work and death became the subject of documentary film Grizzly Man.
  • 2000 Serbians went to the streets of Belgrade for a mass demonstration. The demonstration led to resignation of Serbian President Slobodan Milošević.
  • 1991 An Indonesian military transport crashed after takeoff from Jakarta. 137 people were killed in the accident.
  • 1986 The British newspaper The Sunday Times published Mordechai Vanunu's story on its front page. The article revealed the Israeli secret nuclear weapons.
  • 1983 Born: Jessie Eisenberg, American actor and author known for his roles in The Social Network, To Rome with Love, Now You See Me, The Double, Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice, and other films.
  • 1976 Died: Lars Onsager, Norwegian-born American physical chemist, Nobel Prize in Chemistry laureate. He was awarded for research on the effects on diffusion of temperature gradients, and produced the Onsager reciprocal relations.
  • 1975 Born: Kate Winslet, English actress and singer, winner of an Academy Award, an Emmy Award, three Golden Globe Awards and a Grammy Award. Her most prominent works include Titanic, Iris, Finding Neverland, Revolutionary Road.
  • 1968 The police suppressed civil right demonstrations in Derry, Northern Ireland. This event is considered to mark the beginning of The Troubles.
  • 1965 Born: Mario Lemieux, Canadian former professional ice hockey player who played parts of 17 seasons in the NHL for the Pittsburgh Penguins. He purchased the club in 1999 to bring it out of bankruptcy.
  • 1962 The Beatles released the first single "Love Me Do" in the United Kingdom. The single was backed with "P.S. I Love You".
  • 1960 Born: Daniel Baldwin, American actor, producer and director. He is known for role as Detective Beau Felton in the popular NBC TV series Homicide: Life on the Street. His other notable works include Ned Blessing: The True Story of My Life, Mulholland Falls, Vampires, The Pandora Project, Paparazzi, and Grey Gardens.
  • 1958 Born: Neil deGrasse Tyson, American astrophysicist, author, and science communicator. In 2015, he was awarded the Public Welfare Medal by the U.S. National Academy of Sciences.
  • 1947 U.S. President Harry S. Truman gave the first televised White House address to the nation.
  • 1936 Born: Václav Havel, Czech poet, playwright, and politician, the 1st President of the Czech Republic. He served in the office from February 2, 1993 till February 2, 2003
  • 1933 Died: Renée Adorée, French actress who often appeared in Hollywood silent movies during the 1920s. She might have gained prominence hadn't she died of tuberculosis at the age of 35.
  • 1930 British airship R101 crashed on its maiden voyage in France heading to India. 48 of 54 people on board were killed. Among the deceased passengers was Lord Thomson, the Air Minister, who initiated the program of civil airship development.
  • 1927 Died: Sam Warner, Polish-born American film producer, the co-founder and chief executive officer of Warner Bros. Studios. He is credited with producing the technology that enabled the studio to produce the film industry's first first feature-length talking picture, The Jazz Singer. He died on the day before the premier of this film.
  • 1918 Died: Roland Garros, French aviator and fighter pilot during World War I. He is known as the first person to cross the Mediterranean Sea by air.
  • 1880 Died: Jacques Offenbach, German composer, cellist and impresario of the Romantic period. He composed nearly 100 operettas and didn't complete his only opera The Tales of Hoffman. Many of his works are still staged.
  • 1879 Born: Francis Peyton Rous, American pathologist and virologist, known for his involvement in discovery of the role of viruses in the transmission of certain types of cancer. This work brought him the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1966.
  • 1869 The tropical cyclone Saxby Gale devastated the Bay of Fundy region in Canada. The storm had been predicted over a year before by a British naval officer.
  • 1864 Born: Louis Jean Lumière, French director and producer known as one of the first filmmakers. Together with his brother Auguste Marie Louis Nicolas he patented the cinematograph and shot the first true motion picture in history.
  • 1864 The city of Calcutta, India, was totally destroyed by a powerful cyclone. 60,000 died.
  • 1829 Born: Chester A. Arthur, American politician, the 21st President of the United States, who succeeded James Garfield upon his assassination. The centerpiece of his administration was the advocacy for the Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act.
  • 1813 Died: Tecumseh, Native American leader of the Shawnee and a large tribal confederacy that opposed the United States during Tecumseh's War. He became an ally of Britain in the conflict between the British and the Americans, known as the War of 1812.
  • 1789 Women of Paris marched to Versailles to confront Louis XVI of France about his refusal to promulgate the decrees on the abolition of feudalism. They also demanded bread and moving of the King and his court to Paris.
  • 1781 Born: Bernard Bolzano, Czech mathematician and philosopher remembered for his antimilitarist views. His most famous work is The Paradoxes of the Infinite, which was published posthumously. It impacted many eminent logicians, including Charles Sanders Peirce, Georg Cantor, and Richard Dedekind.
  • 1743 Born: Giuseppe Gazzaniga, Italian composer and educator, member of the Neapolitan school of opera composers. During the life he composted 51 operas, including Don Giovanni Tenorio, the most famous opera by Gazzaniga. He is considered to be one of the last Italian opera buffa composers.
  • 1713 Born: Denis Diderot, French philosopher, critic and writer, a prominent figure during the Enlightenment. He is best known as a co-founder, chief editor and contributor to the Encyclopédie, the general encyclopedia published in France.
  • 1640 Born: Françoise-Athénaïs, marquise de Montespan, the most celebrated mistress of King Louis XIV of France. They had seven children, only four of whom survived childhood.