Holidays Calendar for October 5, 2016

Constitution Day is a public holiday in the Republic of Vanuatu celebrated on October 5. It commemorates the signing of the Constitution of Vanuatu that took place on this day in 1979.

The Fast of Gedalia (Tzom Gedalya) is a Jewish fast day. It falls on 3 Tishrei, therefore it is also referred to as the fast of the seventh month (Tishrei is the seventh month of the ecclesiastical year in the Hebrew calendar).


17 million people across the world suffer from cerebral palsy, a lifelong lasting disability with no known cure. World Cerebral Palsy Day was created as a global project to change the world of people living with cerebral palsy. It's annually observed on the first Wednesday in October.


International Day of No Prostitution (IDNP) is observed annually on October 5. This awareness day was first held in 2002 in some localities in the United States and Australia.

World Teachers' Day is an annual global observance that recognizes the significant contribution of teachers to society. It was officially established by UNESCO in 1994. World Teacher's Day is celebrated on October 5.

Engineer' Day is annually celebrated on October 5. This holiday was established to celebrate the foundation of the Engineers Society of Bolivia.

Armed Forces Day in IndonesiaA is celebrated on October 5. This holiday commemorates the creation of the People's Security Army (Tentara Keamanan Rakjat), the predecessor of the country's National Armed Forces, in 1945.

State Language Day is an official holiday in the Republic of Tajikistan. It was originally observed on July 22, but in 2009 the celebration was moved to October 5.

October 5 is Republic Day in Portugal. This holiday celebrates the proclamation of the Portuguese First Republic in 1910.

The National Apple Betty Day is dedicated to Ronald and Nancy Reagan's favorite dessert. Apple Betty is a variation of a traditional American dessert called Brown Betty.

October 4 is the first day of World Space Week. World Space Week is an annual celebration instituted by the United Nations General Assembly. It recognizes the contributions of space science and technology to the betterment of the human condition.

Walk to School Day is an annual awareness event that typically takes place on the first Wednesday in October. It was established in 1997 and has been held each year ever since.


This Day in History

  • 2011 Died: Steve Jobs, America entrepreneur, inventor, co-founder of Apple Inc. and Pixar. He died of pancreatic cancer.
  • 2011 Died: Charles Napier, American actor. He mainly worked in supporting roles, playing policemen. Although he never played prominent leading roles, he appeared in a number of commercially successful films, including Rambo: First Blood Part II, The Incredible Hulk Returns, The Silence of the Lambs, Lois and Clark: The New Adventures of Superman, Star Trek: Deep Space Nine, Austin Powers: International Man of Mystery, Austin Powers: The Spy Who Shagged Me, Lords of Dogtown etc.
  • 2004 Died: Maurice Wilkins, English physicist, biologist, remembered for research that contributed to the scientific understanding of phosphorescence, isotope separation, optical microscopy and X-ray diffraction, and to the development of radar. In 1962 he was awarded the Nobel Prize for discoveries concerning the molecular structure of nucleic acids and its significance for information transfer in living material.
  • 2003 Died: Timothy Treadwell, American naturalist and environmentalist, the founder of Grizzly people. He lived with the grizzly bears for 13 summers. Together with his girlfriend he was killed by a brown bear in a park. Treadwell life, work and death became the subject of documentary film Grizzly Man.
  • 2000 Serbians went to the streets of Belgrade for mass demonstration. The demonstration led to resignation of Serbian President Slobodan Milošević.
  • 1991 An Indonesian military transport crashed after takeoff from Jakarta. 137 people were killed in the accident.
  • 1986 The British newspaper The Sunday Times published Mordechai Vanunu's story on its front page. The article revealed the Israeli secret nuclear weapons.
  • 1976 Died: Lars Onsager, Norwegian-born American physical chemist, Nobel Prize in Chemistry laureate. He was awarded for research on the effects on diffusion of temperature gradients, and produced the Onsager reciprocal relations.
  • 1975 Born: Kate Winslet, English actress and singer, winner of an Academy Award, an Emmy Award, three Golden Globe Awards and a Grammy Award. Her most prominent works were Titanic, Iris, Finding Neverland, Revolutionary Road.
  • 1968 Police suppressed civil right demonstrations in Derry, Northern Ireland. This event is considered to mark the beginning of The Troubles.
  • 1962 The Beatles released the first single Love Me Do in the United Kingdom. The single was backed with P.S. I Love You song.
  • 1960 Born: Daniel Baldwin, American actor, producer and director. He is known for role as Detective Beau Felton in the popular NBC TV series Homicide: Life on the Street. His other notable works include Ned Blessing: The True Story of My Life, Mulholland Falls, Vampires, The Pandora Project, Paparazzi and Grey Gardens.
  • 1947 U.S. President Harry S. Truman gave the first televised White House address to the nation.
  • 1936 Born: Václav Havel, Czech poet, playwright, and politician, the 1st President of the Czech Republic. He served in the office from February 2 1933 till February 2, 2003
  • 1933 Died: Renée Adorée, French actress, often appearing in Hollywood silent movies during the 1920s. She might have gain prominence, if she didn't die of tuberculosis at the age of 35.
  • 1930 British airship R101 crashed on its maiden voyage in France heading to India. 48 of 54 people on board were killed. Among the deceased passengers was Lord Thomson, the Air Minister, who initiated the program of civil airship development.
  • 1927 Died: Sam Warner, Polish-born American film producer, the co-founder and chief executive officer of Warner Bros. Studios. He is credited with producing the technology that enabled the studio to produce the film industry's first first feature-length talking picture, The Jazz Singer. He died on the day before the premier of this film.
  • 1918 Died: Roland Garros, French aviator and fighter pilot during World War I. He is known as the first person to cross the Mediterranean Sea by air.
  • 1880 Died: Jacques Offenbach, German composer, cellist and impresario of the Romantic period. He composed nearly 100 operettas and didn't complete his only opera The Tales of Hoffman. Many of his works are still staged.
  • 1879 Born: Francis Peyton Rous, American pathologist and virologist, known for his involvement in discovery of the role of viruses in the transmission of certain types of cancer. This work brought him the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1966.
  • 1869 The tropical cyclone Saxby Gale devastated the Bay of Fundy region in Canada. The storm had been predicted over a year before by a British naval officer.
  • 1864 Born: Louis Jean Lumière, French director and producer, known as one of the first filmmakers. Together with his brother Auguste Marie Louis Nicolas he patented the cinematograph and shot the first true motion picture in history.
  • 1864 The city of Calcutta, India, was totally destroyed by a powerful cyclone. 60,000 died.
  • 1829 Born: Chester A. Arthur, American politician, the 21st President of the United States, succeeded James Garfield upon his assassination. The centerpiece of his administration was the advocacy for the Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act.
  • 1813 Died: Tecumseh, Native American leader of the Shawnee and a large tribal confederacy that opposed the United States during Tecumseh's War. He became an ally of Britain in the conflict between the British and the Americans, known as the War of 1812.
  • 1789 Women of Paris marched to Versailles to confront Louis XVI of France about his refusal to promulgate the decrees on the abolition of feudalism. They also demanded bread and moving of the King and his court to Paris.
  • 1781 Born: Bernard Bolzano, Czech mathematician and philosopher, remembered for his antimilitarist views. His most famous work is The Paradoxes of the Infinite, that was published posthumously. It affected many eminent logicians, including Charles Sanders Peirce, Georg Cantor, and Richard Dedekind.
  • 1743 Born: Giuseppe Gazzaniga, Italian composer and educator, member of the Neapolitan school of opera composers. During the life he composted 51 operas, including Don Giovanni Tenorio, the most famous opera by Gazzaniga. He is considered to be one of the last Italian opera buffa composers.
  • 1713 Born: Denis Diderot, French philosopher, critic and writer, a prominent figure during the Enlightenment. He is best known as a co-founder, chief editor and contributor to the Encyclopédie, the general encyclopedia published in France.
  • 1640 Born: Françoise-Athénaïs, marquise de Montespan, the most celebrated mistress of King Louis XIV of France. They had seven children, only four of them survived childhood.