Holidays Calendar for March 14, 2016

Commonwealth Day is an annual observance held on the second Monday in March. Each member of the Commonwealth of Nations celebrates it in its own unique way, there is no uniform observance.


Summer Day is one of the largest pagan festivals in Albania. It is annually celebrated on March 14 and it gathers thousands of visitors to watch the concerts and carnivals.

March 14 is National Heroes' Day in Saint Vincent and Grenadines. The holiday is observed on every island of the country.

Constitution Day in Andorra is annually celebrated on March 14. Current Constitution of Andorra was adopted on February 2, 1993 and given assent by the Andorrans on March 14.

International Day of Action for Rivers annually falls on March 14. This ecological observance was created in 1998.

March 14 is Mother Tongue Day (emakeelepäev) in Estonia. This holiday is very important for the Estonians and it commemorates the great Estonian poet Kristijan Jaak Peterson, who was born on March 14, 1801.

March 14 is annual celebration of Pi Day. This day commemorates the mathematical constant pi.

March 14 is National Potato Chip Day. Grab a bag of your favorite flavored potato chips to celebrate this day.

Asian countries, like Japan, South Korea, Taiwan and China, celebrate White Day on March 14. This holiday is tightly connected to Valentine's Day and it's observed by men.


This Day in History

  • 2008 The 2008 Tibetan unrest began in Lhasa. After the police dispersed a peaceful demonstration, rioters began to attack vehicles and shops owned by Han Chinese.
  • 2006 Members of the Chadian military attempted a coup d'état against President Idriss Déby. The leaders were captured, while other rebel soldiers fled.
  • 1997 Died: Fred Zinnemann, Austro-American film director, Academy Award winner. His best known works include High Noon, From Here to Eternity, Oklahoma!
  • 1995 Norman Earl Thagard became the first American astronaut to ride to space on board a Russian vehicle (the Soyuz TM-21 spacecraft for Mir-18 mission).
  • 1995 Died: William Alfred Fowler, American nuclear physicist and astrophysicist who won the 1983 Nobel Prize in Physics along with Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar.
  • 1980 LOT Flight 7 crashed in Poland due to an uncontained engine failure and loss of flight control. All 87 people on board (77 passengers and 10 crew members) died.
  • 1979 Born: Chris Klein, American actor who is best known for his role as Chris "Oz" Ostreicher in the American Pie film series (except the third installment).
  • 1978 The 1978 South Lebanon conflict (known in Israel as Operation Litani) began. It was Israel's response to the Coastal Road massacre.
  • 1975 Died: Susan Hayward, American actress who received five Academy Award nominations for Best Actress. She was most popular in the 1950s.
  • 1973 Died: Chic Young (pseudonym of Murat Bernard Young), American cartoonist best known for having created the popular comic strip Blondie.
  • 1958 Born: Albert II (Albert Alexandre Louis Pierre Grimald), the reigning monarch of the Principality of Monaco and head of the House of Grimaldi (as of 2014).
  • 1948 Born: Billy Crystal, American actor, comedian, film producer, director, writer, and television host. He is known for his role as Harry in the 1989 film When Harry Met Sally.
  • 1943 The final liquidation of the Kraków Ghetto was carried out during World War II. About 2,000 Jews were killed in the streets, the rest were transported to camps.
  • 1933 Born: Michael Caine, a renowned English actor and author. He is one of the only two actors nominated for an Academy Award for acting in every decade from the 1960s to 2000s.
  • 1932 Died: George Eastman, American entrepreneur, inventor, and philanthropist who is best known for having founded the Eastman Kodak Company.
  • 1914 The United States Senate ratified the Hay–Herrán Treaty between the USA and Colombia. However, the Senate of Colombia refused to ratify it.
  • 1911 Born: Akira Yoshizawa, Japanese origamist who is considered the grandmaster of origami. He raised origami from a craft to a living art.
  • 1900 The Gold Standard Act of the United States was approved. Gold was established as the only standard for redeeming paper money.
  • 1883 Died: Karl Marx, German philosopher, sociologist, economist, and revolutionary socialist. His most notable works are The Communist Manifesto and Das Kapital.
  • 1879 Born: Albert Einstein, theoretical physicist and philosopher of science best known for having developed the general theory of relativity. He was awarded the 1921 Nobel Prize in Physics.
  • 1874 Born: Anton Philips, Dutch entrepreneur known for having co-founded Royal Philips Electronics N.V. with his brother Gerard Philips.
  • 1860 Died: Carl Ritter von Ghega, Austrian engineer who is best known for designing the Semmering Railway from Gloggnitz to Mürzzuschlag.
  • 1854 Born: Paul Ehrlich, German physician and scientist who was awarded the 1908 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his contributions to immunology.
  • 1835 Born: Giovanni Schiaparelli, Italian astronomer and science historian who is best known for having discovered the asteroid 69 Hesperia in 1861.
  • 1805 Died: Stanisław Szczęsny Potocki, member of the Polish szlachta and military commander of the forces of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and then Poland.
  • 1804 Born: Johann Strauss I, also known as Johann Strauss the Father, Austrian Romantic composer who was noted for his numerous waltzes.
  • 1794 American inventor Eli Whitney was granted a patent for the cotton gin. However, Whitney's patent was not validated until 1807.
  • 1791 Died: Johann Salomo Semler, German biblical commentator and church historian. He is sometimes referred to as the father of German rationalism.
  • 1590 Huguenot forces led by Henry IV of France defeated the Catholic League forces led by the Duc de Mayenne in the Battle of Ivry during the French Wars of Religion.
  • 1471 Died: Thomas Malory, English writer who is best known for having created Le Morte d'Arthur, a compilation of traditional legends about King Arthur.