Holidays Calendar for March 22, 2016

Emancipation Day is an official holiday in the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. It commemorates the abolition of slavery in the Spanish colony of Puerto Rico on March 22, 1873.

March 22 is annual observance of Baltic Sea Day. This ecological observance was created to acknowledge the preservation of the Baltic Sea marine environment.

The Dutch part of the island of Saint Martin annually celebrated National Tree Day on March 22. This holiday was officially declared by the governmental decree in 2008.

Day of the Lao People's Revolutionary Party is an observance in Laos held on March 22. It marks the anniversary of the founding of the party that has governed the country since 1975.

March 22 is National Bavarian Crepes Day. Bavarian crepes are not the same as pancakes, that is why they have their own holiday.

World Water Day is observed annually on March 22. It is a United Nations observance that has been held since 1993.

This Day in History

  • 2014 35 people were killed in Baluchistan, Pakistan, when a petrol tanker collided with two buses.
  • 2013 A fire destroyed a Burmese refugees camp near Ban Mae, Thailand. At least 37 died and 200 injured.
  • 2010 Died: James Black, Scottish biologist and pharmacologist, Nobel Prize laureate for development of propranolol and cimetidine.
  • 2005 Died: Kenzō Tange, Japanese architect, winner of the 1987 Pritzker Prize for architecture. He was one of the most significant architects of the 20th century. Yoyogi National Gymnasium and Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum are his most notable works.
  • 2001 Died: William Hanna, American animator, director, producer, and voice actor, co-founder of Hanna-Barbera.
  • 1997 Tara Lapinski became the youngest champion women's World Figure Skating Champion. At that time she was 14 years and 10 months old.
  • 1995 Cosmonaut Valeriy Polyakov returned to Earth after 438 days in space, thus setting a new record of the longest single spaceflight in human history.
  • 1994 Died: Walter Lantz, American animator, director, and producer, best known as the founder of Walter Lantz Productions and creation of Woody Woodpecker.
  • 1993 The first Pentium chips were shipped by the Intel Corporation. They featured a 60 MHz clock speed, 100+ MIPS and a 64 bit data pass.
  • 1984 Teachers at the McMartin preschool in Manhattan Beach, California, were charged with satanic ritual abuse of the children in the school. The charges were later dropped as completely unfounded.
  • 1978 Died: Karl Wallenda, German-American acrobat, founder of The Flying Wallendas, a daredevil circus act with dangerous stunts performed without a safety net.
  • 1976 Born: Reese Witherspoon, American actress and producer, who became popular after a breakthrough role in Legally Blonde. She also starred in Sweet Home Alabama, Legally Blonde 2: Red, White & Blonde, Vanity Fair, etc.
  • 1949 Born: Fanny Ardant, French actress, who appeared in more than 50 films. She is best known for roles as Maria Callas in Callas Forever and as Elizabeth in Mary of Guise.
  • 1948 Born: Andrew Lloyd Webber, English director and composer, impresario of musical theater. He is the author of the feature music for shows Jesus Christ Superstar, Evita, Cats, The Phantom of the Opera, The Wizard of Oz etc.
  • 1945 The Arab League was founded after adoption of charter in Cairo, Egypt. The original League consisted of Kingdom of Egypt, Kingdom of Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria and Saudi Arabia.
  • 1931 Born: William Shatner, Canadian-American actor, singer, director, and producer, best known for his role as Captain James T. Kirk of the United Federation of Planets starship USS Enterprise in Star Trek: The Animated Series and its seven subsequent Stat Trek feature films.
  • 1924 Died: William Macewen, Scottish surgeon, a pioneer in modern brain surgery. He contributed to the development of bone graft surgery, surgical treatment of hernia and pneumonectomy.
  • 1924 Born: Al Neuharth, American journalist and author, founder of USA Today.
  • 1923 Born: Marcel Marceau, French mime and actor, who became famous for his stage persona Bip the Clown. He performed worldwide for over 60 years.
  • 1916 Yuan Shikai, the last Emperor of China, abdicated the throne resulting in the restoration of the Republic of China.
  • 1873 Slavery was abolished by a law, that was approved by the Spanish National Assembly in Puerto Rico.
  • 1868 Born: Robert Andrews Millikan, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate for his measurement of the elementary electronic charge and his work on the photoelectric effect.
  • 1849 The Battle of Novara of the First Italian War of Independence began between Austrian Empire and the Kingdom of Sardinia. The Austrians defeated the Piedmontese.
  • 1832 Died: Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German author and politician, the author of Faust, The Sorrows of Young Werther, Reineke Fuchs.
  • 1814 Born: Thomas Crawford, American sculptor, best known for his numerous contribution to the U.S. Capitol.
  • 1720 Born: Nicolas-Henri Jardin, French architect, best remembered for introduction of neoclassicism to Denmark. His most prominent works are Yellow Mansion in Copenhagen and Bernstroff Palace in Gentofte, Denmark.
  • 1687 Died: Jean-Baptiste Lully, Italian-French composer, one of the chief master of the French baroque style.
  • 1602 Died: Agostino Carracci, Italian painter, the founder of Accademia degli Incamminati in Bologna. This academy helped propel painters of the School of Bologna (Annibale Carracci, Prospero Fontana, Domenichino) to prominence.
  • 1599 Born: Anthony van Dyck, Flemish painter, leading court painter in England. Van Dyck is famous for his portraits of Charles I of England, his family and court. He was also an important innovator in watercolor and etching.
  • 1313 Died: Song Jiaoren, Chinese politician, political leader and founder of Kuomintang party. When the party won in the first democratic Chinese elections, Jiaoren was assassinated. It's strongly implied that Yuan Shikai, Chinese provisional president, was responsible for the assassination.