Holidays Calendar for March 31, 2016

March 31 is Freedom Day in Malta. This national holiday celebrates the anniversary of withdrawal of British troops and the Royal Navy from Malta in 1979.

The US Virgin Islands annually celebrate Transfer Day on March 31. This holiday marks the transfer of the islands from Denmark to the USA in 1917.

Micronesian Culture and Traditions Day is annually observed in Micronesia on March 31. This special holiday was established to honor cultural and traditional heritage of the islands.

March 31 is Day of Genocide of Azerbaijanis. This memorial date was established by Presidential Decree in 1998 to commemorate the events of 1918.

Many kings of Thailand played important role in development of country, that is why the Thai celebrate several memorial days, commemorating their birth dates. King Nangklao Memorial Day is annually observed on March 31 to honor the third monarch of Siam.

March 31 is Cesar Chavez Day, an American commemorative day that celebrates the birth and enduring legacy of Cesar Chavez, labor movement leader and civil rights activist.

World Backup Day is an unofficial holiday, that is annually observed on March 31. This holidays aims to raise public awareness of information security and backing up.

National Clams on the Half Shell Day is a great day for all seafood lovers. Celebrate this annual holiday on March 31 with a special dish for your family.

This Day in History

  • 2009 Died: Raúl Alfonsín, Argentinian lawyer and politician, the 46th President of Argentina. Alfonsín was the first president democratically elected in Argentina following the military dictatorship government known as the National Reorganization Process.
  • 2001 Died: Clifford Shull, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate with Bertham Brockhouse for the development of the neutron scattering technique.
  • 1994 The journal Nature reported that the first complete Australopithecus afarensis (an extinct hominid living between 3.9-2.9 million years ago) skull was found in Ethiopia.
  • 1993 Died: Brandon Lee, American actor and martial artist, the son of film actor Bruce Lee. He died in a firearms accident while filming his fifth film The Crow.
  • 1990 Newly introduced poll tax in England caused a massive protest. About 200,000 people took to the streets of London to protest against it.
  • 1985 The first WrestleMania, the biggest wrestling event from the World Wrestling Entertainment, took place in Madison Square Garden in New York.
  • 1978 Died: Charles Herbert Best, American-Canadian medical scientist, best remembered for co-discovery of insulin together with Dr. Frederick Banting.
  • 1972 Born: Evan Williams, American businessman, best known as the co-founder of Twitter and Pyra Labs (acquired by Google in 2003).
  • 1971 Born: Ewan McGregor, Scottish-American actor, a Golden Globe nominee. He is best known for role as the young Jedi Obi-Wan Kenobi in the Star Wars prequel trilogy, as poet Christian in Moulin Rouge! and as Dr. Alfred Jones in the romantic comedy-drama Salmon Fishing in the Yemen.
  • 1966 The Soviet Union launched a robotic spacecraft Luna 10, which later became the first space probe to enter orbit around the Moon.
  • 1955 Born: Angus Young, Scottish-Australian guitarist and songwriter, best known as the co-founder and lead guitarist of the hard rock band AC/DC.
  • 1951 The first UNIVAC I computer was delivered by Remington Rand to the United States Census Bureau.
  • 1948 Born: Al Gore, American politician, advocate and philanthropist, the 45th Vice President of the United States, Nobel Peace Prize laureate for his work in climate change activism. He was a nominee for President in 2000 presidential election, but lost despited winning the popular vote.
  • 1945 Died: Hans Fischer, German chemist, Nobel Prize for Chemistry laureate for synthesis of bilirubin (a principle component of red blood cells) and haemin (the component of hemoglobin).
  • 1931 2,000 were killed in a powerful earthquake, that destroyed the capital of Nicaragua, Managua.
  • 1931 TWA Flight 599 crashed near Bazaar, Kansas. 8 were killed, including University of Notre Dame head football coach Knute Rockne.
  • 1926 Born: John Fowles, English author, best known for such works as Magus, The French Lieutenant's Woman, The Ebony Tower, Daniel Martin, Mantissa and A Maggot.
  • 1918 Nearly 18,000 Azerbaijani Muslims were killed in a massacre committed by allied armed groups of Armenian Revolutionary Federation and Bolsheviks.
  • 1917 Died: Emil von Behring, German physician, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine laureate for discovery of diphtheria antitoxin.
  • 1914 Born: Octavio Paz, Mexican author, poet, and diplomat, Nobel Prize in Literature laureate for the collection of poetry. One of his best known poetries Piedra de sol (Sunstone) was praised as a magnificent example of surrealist poetry.
  • 1913 Skandalkonzert in Vienna: the Vienna Concert Society rioted during a performance of modernist music by Arnold Schoenberg, Alban Berg, Alexander von Zemlinsky, and Anton von Webern. Due to the violence the concert ended prematurely.
  • 1906 Born: Sin-Itiro Tomonaga, Japanese physicist, Nobel Prize laureate for influential work in the development of quantum electrodynamics.
  • 1889 The Eiffel Tower was officially opened after two years of construction.
  • 1880 Died: Henryk Wieniawski, Polish violinist and composer, best remembered for teaching a kind of rigid bowing technique, that allowed to play a "devil's stacatto" with ease.
  • 1855 Died: Charlotte Brontë, English novelist and poet, one of the three Brontë sisters, whose novels became the classic of English literature. Charlotte Brontë is best remembered for her novel Jane Eyre, that was originally written under the pan name Currer Bell.
  • 1837 Died: John Constable, English painter, best known for landscape paintings of Dedham Vale. His most famous works include Wivenhoe Park, The Hay Wain and Dedham Vale.
  • 1732 Born: Joseph Haydn, Austrian composer of the Classical period. He was an instrumental figure in the development of chamber music and have earned the epithet Father of the Symphony for contributions to musical form.
  • 1685 Born: Johann Sebastian Bach, German organist and composer of the Baroque period. He is best known for his organ works - preludes, toccatas and fantasias.
  • 1631 Died: John Donne, English lawyer and poet, noted for strong and sensual style of sonnets, love and religious poems. His works featured inventiveness of metaphor, abrupt openings and various paradoxes, ironies and dislocations.
  • 1596 Born: René Descartes, French mathematician and philosopher. Descartes is credited as the father of analytical geometry, the bridge between algebra and geometry. The Cartesian coordinate system was named after him.