Holidays Calendar for March 20, 2016

Tunisia celebrates its Independence Day annually on March 20. This holiday celebrates the anniversary of independence from France in 1956.

March 20 is Oil Nationalization Day in Iran. The era of nationalized oil began in 1951, when the National Iranian Oil Company took control over petroleum industry in the country.

Youth Day is celebrated in many countries around the world on different dates, however, there is also a global event, known as World Youth Day. This observance was established by Pope John Paul II in 1985 and it's annually celebrated on Palm Sunday.


Palm Sunday is a Christian moveable feast that commemorates Jesus' triumphal entry into Jerusalem that is described in the four canonical Gospels. It is celebrated on the Sunday before Easter.


Earth Day is an annual international event, that is held to demonstrate support for environmental protection. 192 countries annually celebrate this event.


World Storytelling Day is a unique celebration, that is observed around the world on the spring equinox in the northern hemisphere and on the fall equinox in the southern hemisphere.


International Day Without Meat is annually celebrated on March 20. This holiday was observed for the first time in 1985 in the USA as Great American Meatout.

International Astrology Day is annually observed on spring equinox. It can be celebrated by the astrologers and enthusiasts between March 19 and 22, though the most frequent dates are March 20 and 21.


The Japanese celebrate two equinoxes, that occur in the spring and in the fall. The celebration of the spring equinox is known in Japan as Vernal Equinox Day and it usually falls on March 20 or 21.


World Sparrow Day is one of the days, designated to raise awareness of birds, especially of the house sparrow and the ones common to urban environment. This holiday is observed annually on March 20.

In 2010, UNESCO (the UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) established United National Language Days. Each of these days is dedicated to one of the UN's official working languages. French Language Day is celebrated on March 20.

Are you afraid of abduction by aliens? Whether it's “Yes” or “No”, don't miss a chance to celebrate Extraterrestrial Abduction Day on March 20.

Ravioli is one of the most popular dishes among pasta lovers. If you love this dish, then celebrate National Ravioli Day on March 20.

Ostara is one of the pagan festivals, that is held up to date. It's also another name for celebration of the spring equinox.


International Day of Happiness was established under initiative of the United Nations. This holiday is annually celebrated on March 20 since 2012.

This Day in History

  • 2013 Died: James Herbert, English author, who became famous for his horror novels The Rats, The Fog, The Spear, Shrine, '48, The Secret of Crickley Hall.
  • 2012 A wave of terror attacks came across 10 cites in Iraq: at least 25 were killed and more than 250 injured.
  • 1999 The first Legoland outside of Europe was opened in Carlsbad, California.
  • 1995 A Japanese cult Aum Shinrikyo (currently known as Aleph) carried out a sarin gas attack on the Tokyo subway, resulting in death of 13 people and injures of 1,300.
  • 1987 AZT, (zidovudine or azidothymidine) was approved as the anti-AIDS drug by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.
  • 1974 Ian Ball attempted to kidnap Her Royal Highness Princess Anne and her husband Captain Mark Phillips in The Mall, outside Buckingham palace, London. His attempt failed.
  • 1972 A Provisional IRA car bomb killed 7 and injured 148 in Belfast, Northern Ireland.
  • 1962 Born: Stephen Sommers, American director, producer, and screenwriter, best known for producing the Mummy, The Mummy Returns. He also directed The Jungle Book, Van Helsing and G.I. Joe: The Rise of Cobra.
  • 1957 Born: Chris Wedge, American animator, producer, screenwriter, and voice actor, best known for the films Ice Age, Robots and Epic.
  • 1950 Born: William Hurt, American actor, best known for the roles in Kiss of the Spider Woman, Children of a Lesser God, Broadcast News. Other notable recent films with him are A.I. Artificial Intelligence, Into the Wild, The Incredible Hulk, Robin Hood.
  • 1940 Died: Alfred Ploetz, German physician, biologist, and eugenicist, known for coining the term racial hygiene (state policy were certain groups of individuals are allowed to procreate and others not) and promoting the concept in Germany. His concept was later used by Nazi Germany and similar policies were implemented throughout Europe, Southern Africa and North America.
  • 1933 The first Nazi concentration camp in Dachau was created by order of Reichsführer-SS Heinrich Himmler. Theodor Eicke was appointed as the camp commandant.
  • 1916 Albert Einstein published his general theory of relativity. His theory currently describes the gravitation in modern physics.
  • 1911 Born: Alfonso García Robles, Mexican diplomat, Nobel Peace Prize laureate for setting up a nuclear-free zone in Latin America and the Caribbean.
  • 1878 Died: Julius von Mayer, German physician and physicist, the founder of thermodynamics. He is best known for enunciating one of the original statements of the conservation of energy, which is today known as one of the first versions of the first law of thermodynamics.
  • 1874 Died: Hans Christian Lumbye, Danish composer of waltzes, mazurkas, polkas and galops. He is known for light compositions, many of which evoke non-musical sources.
  • 1861 The city Mendoza, Argentina, was totally destroyed by an earthquake. At least 5,000 were killed.
  • 1836 Born: Edward Poynter, English painter, best known for his large historical paintings Israel in Egypt, St. George for England and King Solomon.
  • 1835 Died: Louis Léopold Robert, Swiss painter, whose masterpieces are preserved in numerous museums, including Louvre, Berlin National Gallery etc.
  • 1828 Born: Henrik Ibsen, Norwegian poet, playwright, and director. Ibsen is often referred to as the father of realism and one of the founders of Modernism in theater. His play A Doll's House became the world's most performed play by the nearly 20th century.
  • 1770 Born: Friedrich Hölderlin, a major German lyric poet, commonly associated with Romanticism movement. Hölderlin was an important figure in the development of German Idealism.
  • 1741 Born: Jean-Antoine Houdon, French sculptor, famous for portrait busts and statues of great philosophers, inventors and political figures. His subjects include Benjamin Franklin, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Voltaire, Molière, George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Louis XVI, and Napoléon Bonaparte.
  • 1735 Born: Torbern Bergman, Swedish chemist, mineralogist, noted for his Dissertation on Elective Attractions. His work contains the largest ever published tables of chemical affinity. Bergman also was the first to use the A, B, C, D ect. system of notation for chemical species.
  • 1726 Died: Isaac Newton, English physicist, mathematician, astronomer, and philosopher. Newton is widely recognized as one of the foremost influential scientists of all time and as a key figure in the scientific revolution.
  • 1619 Died: Matthias, Holy Roman Emperor, King of Hungary and Croatia, King of Bohemia. His policy was marked by trying to bring about a compromise between Catholic and Protestant states within the Holy Roman Empire.
  • 1616 Sir Walter Raleigh, English aristocrat, writer, poet, soldier, spy and explorer, was freed after 13 years of imprisonment in the Tower of London. Raleigh is well known today for popularizing tobacco in England.
  • 1568 Died: Albert, Duke of Prussia. Albert was the first monarch in Europe to establish Protestantism as an official religion of his lands.
  • 1502 Born: Pierino Belli, Italian soldier and jurist, known as the father of modern international law.
  • 1413 Died: Henry IV of England, Henry IV of England and Lord of Ireland from 1399 till 1413.
  • 1239 Died: Hermann von Salza, Roman knight, the fourth Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights, serving from 1210 till 1239. He was a skilled diplomat and oversaw the expansion of the military order into Prussia.