Holidays Calendar for January 1, 2016

January 1 is not only New Year's Day, but also Restoration Day of the Independent Czech State. This holiday marks the day, when Czechoslovakia split into Slovakia and the Czech Republic.

The independence issue has always been an acute problem for Slovakia until 1993, when the country finally gained it. Day of the Establishment of the Slovak Republic is the official holiday that marks the day of splitting Czechoslovakia into the Slovak Republic and the Czech Republic.

While the rest of the world is busy with the New Year's Day, the Cubans celebrate Triumph of the Revolution, also knows as Liberation Day, a holiday that marks the anniversary of the victory of the revolution led by Fidel Castro.

January 1 is Independence Day in Haiti. This date was chosen to commemorate the declaration of independence from France in 1804 and returning to Haiti its historical name.

January 1 is a very important holiday for the Republic of Cameroon because this day marks gaining independence from France. Independence Day in Cameroon is celebrated on January 1 since 1960.

Independence Day is the main national holiday in the Republic of the Sudan. It is celebrated on 1 January since 1956, when Sudan gained independence from Great Britain and Egypt.

On January 1 the citizens of Taiwan celebrate National Day of the Republic of China. This holiday commemorates the Wuchang Uprising in 1911 that led to the collapse of the Qing Dynasty on 1 January, 1912.

January 1 is Sovereignty Day in Iraq. This holiday is very important for the Iraqi and nobody should confuse it with the National Day, that is celebrated on October 3.

January 1 is New Year's Day in many countries around the world. It is the first day of the year on the Georgian and the Julian calendars that are used since 45 BC.

World Day of Peace set by the Roman Catholic Church is held annually on January 1 since 1968. It is often confused with the International Day of Peace that was introduced by UN. Although the holidays are different, they pursue the same things.

Kwanzaa is an annual week-long celebration that is observed from December 26 to January 1. This holiday is celebrated in the United States and also in diaspora in the Western Africa. Kwanzaa honors the African heritage in African-American culture.

January 1 is Flag Day in Lithuania, the day when all the Lithuanians commemorate the raising of the flag on Gediminas' Tower in 1919.

Global Family Day is celebrated every year on January 1. This holiday is recognized by many people, who want to spend one day with their family.

January 1 is the day when the copyrights expire and intellectual works enter into the public domain in most countries. This is the reason why January 1 has become Public Domain Day.

This Day in History

  • 2013 61 killed and 200 injured in a stampede caused by the New Year's Eve fireworks display at Félix Houphouët-Boigny Stadium in Abidjan, Ivory Coast.
  • 2010 Car bomb detonated by a suicide in Lakki Marwat, Pakistan, during a volleyball tournament. 105 people killed, 100 injured.
  • 1999 The Euro currency was introduced in 11 countries, the members of the European Union.
  • 1995 The World Trade Organization went into effect.
  • 1992 Died: Grace Hopper, American computer scientist and United States Navy admiral. She was a pioneer in the field of programming and invented the first compiler for a programming language.
  • 1987 Born: Meryl Davis, American ice dancer. 2014 Olympic Champion, a two-time World champion, two-time World silver medalist. Won a bronze medal in the team event at the 2014 Winter Olympics.
  • 1986 Born: Ronald Glen Davis, American basketball player. Currently plays for the Los Angeles Clippers of NBA.
  • 1985 Born: Jeff Carter, Canadian ice hockey player. Currently plays for the Los Angeles Kings of the NHL.
  • 1981 Born: Eden Riegel, American actress. Played in All My Children, American Pie, Home Alone 2.
  • 1978 Boeing 747 Air India Flight 855 crashed into the sea due to the probable irrational control inputs by the pilot and the instrument failure. 213 passengers died.
  • 1975 Born: Sonali Bendre, Indian model and actress. Appeared in more then 50 Bollywood films.
  • 1972 Died: Maurice Chevalier, French actor, Cabaret singer and entertainer.
  • 1945 A massive Operation Bodenplatte was launched by the German Luftwaffe that failed to knock out the allied air power in Europe in a single blow.
  • 1944 Died: Sir Edwin Landseer Lutyens, British architect. He designed a section in the metropolis of Delhi and was the main architect of India Gate and other monuments in New Delhi.
  • 1937 Born: Matt Robinson, American actor. He was the voice of Roosevelt Franklin puppet in Seasame Street.
  • 1931 Died: Martinus Willem Beijerinck, Dutch microbiologist and botanist. He is considered one of the founders of virology.
  • 1929 Born: Larry L. King, American playwright, author and journalist.
  • 1895 Born: J. Edgar Hoover, the first American Director of the FBI.
  • 1894 Died: Heinrich Rudolf Hertz, German physicist. He was first who conclusively proved the existence of electromagnetic waves.
  • 1894 The official opening to traffic of the Manchester Ship Canal.
  • 1879 Born: William Fox, Hungarian-American film producer and the founder of the Fox Film Corporation and Fox Theaters.
  • 1871 Died: Martin Heinrich Klaproth, German chemist. He discovered uranium, zirconium and cerium.
  • 1863 Born: Baron de Coubertin, French historian and educator, founder of the International Olympic Committee.
  • 1808 The importation of the slaves is banned in the USA.
  • 1788 The Daily Universal Register changed its name to The Times and published the first edition.
  • 1782 Died: Johann Christian Bach, German composer.
  • 1772 The first traveler checks, that could be used in 90 countries, issued in Great Britain
  • 1748 Died: Johann Bernoulli, Swiss mathematician. He is known for his contributions to infinitesimal calculus.
  • 1560 Died: Joachim du Bellay, French poet, critic, member of the Pléiade.
  • 1515 Died: Louis XII, king of France from 1498 to 1515.