Holidays Calendar for January 22, 2016

Plurinational State Foundation Day (Día del Estado Plurinacional) is a public holiday in Bolivia celebrated on January 22. It has been celebrated since 2010.

Ukraine celebrates Unity Day on January 22 each year. It is an official observance, but it is not a public holiday.

January 22 is National Blond Brownie Day. Blondie is the classic butterscotch treat, that comes in different flavors.

Some countries have a single Grandparents' Day to celebrate both grandfathers and grandmothers, but Poland has two separate holidays. Grandmother's Day in Poland is celebrated on January 21, and Grandfather's Day (Dzień Dziadka) is observed a day later, on January 22.

This Day in History

  • 2008 Died: Heath Ledger, Australian actor and director, known for his films The Patriot, Casanova, The Dark Knight, The Imaginarium of Doctor Parnassus.
  • 1993 Died: Kōbō Abe, Japanese writer, photographer, playwright and inventor. Abe is known for this surreal and often nightmarish explorations of individuals in contemporary society, that is why often compared to Franz Kafka and Alberto Moravia.
  • 1990 Died: David Edward Hughes, Welsh-American physicist, co-inventor of the microphone.
  • 1984 The Apple Macintosh was introduced during Super Bowl XVIII with its famous "1984" television commercial . The computer mouse and the graphical user interface were popularized by this computer.
  • 1981 Born: Ben Moody, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, producer, and actor. Best known as the co-founder and lead guitarist of Evanescence from 1995 to 2003.
  • 1973 Died: Lyndon B. Johnson, American politician, the 36th President of the U.S.
  • 1973 A chartered Boeing 707 explosion upon landing at Kano Airport, Nigeria, killed 176.
  • 1973 Elective abortion was legalized in all 50 states by the decision of the Supreme Court of the United Sates.
  • 1971 Died: Harry Frank Guggenheim, American businessman and publisher, co-founder of Newsday (daily newspaper that serves in the New York city) in 1940.
  • 1971 The Singapore Declaration was issued. This is one of the two most important documents to the uncodified constitution of the Commonwealth of Nations.
  • 1968 Apollo 5 lifted off carrying the first Lunar module into space.
  • 1965 Born: Steven Adler, American musician. Best known as the former drummer and co-songwriter of Guns N' Roses, with whom he achieved worldwide success in the late 1980s.
  • 1957 George P. Metesky, also known as the New York City "Mad Bomber" was arrested in Waterbury, Connecticut. He was charged with planting more than 30 bombs.
  • 1951 Died: Karl Nessler, German-American hairdresser, known as the inventor of the permanent wave.
  • 1946 The Central Intelligence Group was created. The Group was the forerunner of the Central Intelligence Agency.
  • 1940 Born: John Hurt, English actor, known for his leading roles in The Elephant Man, An Englishman in New York, appeared in V for Vendetta, Alien, Indiana Jones, Harry Potter, Hellboy and many others.
  • 1931 Born: Sam Cooke, American singer and songwriter, generally considered among the greatest of all the time. He is commonly known as the King of Soul for his distinctive voice and importance within popular music.
  • 1927 Died: James Ford Rhodes, American historian and author. Rhodes earned a fortune in the iron, coal and steel industries, but retired from business. He devoted his life to historical research and published an eight-volume history of the U.S beginning in 1850.
  • 1927 The first in the world live radio commentary of a football match between Arsenal F.C and Sheffield Untied at Highbury was given by Teddy Wakelam.
  • 1924 Born: Ortvin Sarapu, New Zealand chess player, sometimes known as "Mr Chess". Sarapu won or shared the New Zealand Chess Championship 20 times from 1952 to 1990.
  • 1922 Died: Pope Benedict XV. He is known for his peace efforts during World War I, that overshadowed his pontificate. Although he was unsuccessful, his diplomatic efforts during the war attributed to an increase of papal prestige and served as a model to the peace efforts of Pius XII (World War II), Paul VI (Vietnam War) and John Paul II (War in Iraq).
  • 1915 Over 600 were killed in a railroad incident in Guadalajara, Mexico. Train plunged off the tracks into a deep canyon.
  • 1906 SS Valencia, iron-hulled passenger steamer, ran aground on rocks on Vancouver Island, British Columbia, over 130 killed.
  • 1901 Died: Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom, the last British monarch of the House of Hanover.
  • 1879 Born: Francis Picabia, French painter and poet, who is associated with Cubism. He was one of the earliest and major figures of the Dada movement in the U.S. and France.
  • 1875 Born: D. W. Griffith, American director, producer, and screenwriter. Griffith is remembered as the director of the 1915 film The Birth of a Nation, the film that is considered as the very first blockbuster.
  • 1858 Born: Beatrice Webb, English economist and sociologist. Webb was the co-founder of London School of Economics and Political Science, played a crucial role in forming the Fabian Society. Among her other achievements is coining the term "collective bargaining".
  • 1840 Died: Johann Friedrich Blumenbach, German anthropologist, who was one of the first to explore the study of mankind as an aspect of natural history. Also known for his teachings in comparative anatomy, that were applied to the classification of human races.
  • 1788 Born: Lord Byron, English poet and a leading figure in the Romantic movement. Don Juan, Childe Harold's Pilgrimage, She Walks in Beauty are best-known Byron's works.
  • 1561 Born: Francis Bacon, English philosopher. Bacon is called the father of empiricism and known for establishment and popularization of inductive methodologies for scientific inquiry, often called the Baconian method, or simply the scientific method.