Holidays Calendar for January 30, 2016

January 30 is a special observance, founded by a Spanish poet. It's School Day of Non-violence and Peace (acronym from Spanish DENIP).

Every year on January 30 the customs officers in Azerbaijan celebrate their professional day – Day of Azerbaijani Customs.

India observes several Martyr's Day on national level. January 30 is one of such days and it commemorates the assassination of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi in 1948.

January 30 is National Croissant Day, so celebrate it with a tasty warm croissant and a generous helping of butter.

This Day in History

  • 2008 Died: Jeremy Beadle, English television host and producer, a prominent person during 1980s. At that time he was the first mainstream television presenter to have a physical disability.
  • 2007 Died: Sidney Sheldon, American author and screenwriter, became popular for novels Master of the Game, The Other Side of Midnight and Rage of Angels. He is considered as the 7th best selling fiction writer of all time.
  • 2000 Kenya Airways Flight 431 crashed into the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of Ivory Coast. 169 killed.
  • 1995 Died: Gerald Durrell, Indian-English zookeeper, author, and television host, founder of the Durell Wildlife Conservation Trust and Durell Wildlife Park.
  • 1994 Died: Pierre Boulle, French author, best known for novels The Bridge over the River Kwai and Planet of the Apes. Both novels were made into award-winning films.
  • 1991 Died: John Bardeen. American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate in Physics for the invention of the transistor and for a BCS theory.
  • 1979 Varig Boeing 707-323C freighter disappeared over the Pacific Ocean 30 minutes later after taking off from Tokyo. The aircraft, cargo and 6 crew members haven't been found.
  • 1972 British Paratroopers opened fire on and killed 14 unarmed civil rights and anti-internment marches in Derry, Northern Ireland.
  • 1969 The Beatles' gave their last public performance on the roof of Apple Records in London. This impromptu concert was broken up by the police.
  • 1959 MS Hans Hedtoft, said to be the safest ship afloat, stroke an iceberg on her maiden voyage and sank, killing all 95 people aboard.
  • 1956 American civil rights leader Martin Luther King, Jr.'s home was bombed in retaliation for the Montgomery Bus Boycott.
  • 1951 Died: Ferdinand Porsche, Austrian-German engineer and businessman, founder of the Porsche car company. Also known for creation of the first gasoline-electric hybrid vehicle, the Volkswagen Beetle and the Mercedes-Benz SSK.
  • 1951 Born: Phil Collins, English singer-songwriter, producer, and actor. Gained fame as lead vocalist and drummer of Genesis. Today Collins is one of the most successful songwriters and performers of all the time.
  • 1949 Born: Peter Agre, American physician and biologist, Nobel Prize laureate for discovery of aquaporins, the water-channel proteins that move water molecules through the cell membrane.
  • 1948 Died: Orville Wright, American pilot and engineer, co-founder of the Wright Company.
  • 1948 Indian pacifist and leader Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was shot by a Hindu extremist Nathuram Godse.
  • 1935 Born: Richard Brautigan, American author and poet, best known for his novel Trout Fishing in America.
  • 1933 Adolf Hitler was sworn as Chancellor of Germany.
  • 1929 Died: Louise Weber, French can-can dancer, known under stage name La Goulue. Weber became star of the Moulin Rouge and was one of the favorite subjects for Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, who immortalized her by portraits and posters of her dancing at the Moulin Rouge.
  • 1928 Died: Johannes Fibiger, Danish physician, Nobel Prize laureate for discovery of organism Spiroptera carcinoma that caused cancer in mice and rats.
  • 1925 Born: Douglas Engelbart, American computer scientist, known as the inventor of computer mouse.
  • 1925 Born: Dorothy Malone, American actress. Malone stated with small roles, mainly in B-movies, but role as Marylee Hadley in Written on the Wind brought her nationwide fame.
  • 1899 Born: Max Theiler, South African virologist, Nobel Prize laureate for developing a vaccine against yellow fever.
  • 1882 Born: Franklin D. Roosevelt, American politician, 32nd President of the United States.
  • 1866 Born: Gelett Burgess, American author, poet, and critic, a very important figure in the San Francisco Bay Area literary renaissance of the 1890s. Burgess is best known as the writer of nonsense verse and the author of Goops books.
  • 1836 Died: Betsy Ross, American seamstress, designer of the American Flag.
  • 1820 Edward Bransfield sighted the Trinity Peninsula, the extreme northern part of the Antarctic Peninsula, and claimed the discovery of Antarctica.
  • 1775 Born: Walter Savage Landor, English poet, best known for prose works Imaginary Conversations and poem Rose Aylmer.
  • 1615 Born: Thomas Rolfe, the only child of Pocahontas by her English husband John Rolfe. Rolfe and his two marriages made possible following generations in American and in England to trace descents from Pocahontas.
  • 1607 Massive flooding destroyed 1200 square miles (51,800 ha) along the coasts of Bristol Channel and Severn Estuary, resulting in about 2,000 deaths.