Holidays Calendar for December 9, 2016

Every year people of Antigua and Barbuda commemorate the heroes of their nation December 9. This observance is known as National Heroes Day and this is a public holiday.

People of Tanzania annually celebrate Independence Day on December 9. This holiday is also known as Republic Day. The celebration is dedicated to the declaration of independence of Tanganyika from Great Britain in 1961 and creation of republic in 1962.

Human Rights and Peace Day is a public holiday in Kiribati, that is celebrated in honor of Human Rights Day on December 10. Since the government of Kiribati follows the policy of long weekends, that date of the holiday is annually moved.

Army Day is celebrated in Peru on December 9. This holiday was established to commemorate the anniversary of Peru's victory in the Battle of Ayacucho, that is generally regarded as the end of the Peruvian War of Independence.

Navy Day in Sri Lanka is celebrated annually on December 9. The holiday commemorates the creation of the Royal Ceylon Navy in 1950.

Heroes of Fatherland Day is a relatively new memorial day, that was initiated by the government of Russia and approved by president in 2007. This memorial day is annually observed on December 9 to commemorate the heroes of the Soviet Union, the Russian Federation and the recipients of the Order of St. George and the Order of Glory.

It is hard to find a person who doesn't like pastry at all. Everyone craves delicious pastry from time to time. The National Pastry Day celebrated on December 9 each year is a perfect occasion to indulge yourself with sweet or savory pastry.

International Anti-Corruption Day is an annual event organized by the UN on December 9. This observance was established in 2003, when the United Nations Convention against Corruption was adopted by the UN General Assembly.

This Day in History

  • 2012 Died: Norman Joseph Woodland, American inventor, best known as one of the creators of the barcode.
  • 2005 Died: Robert Sheckley, American writer, known for his stories and novels. His most notable works include Star Trek: Deep Space Nine: The Laertian Gamble, Babylon 5: A Call to Arms, Journey Beyond Tomorrow.
  • 1996 Died: Alain Poher, French politician. He served twice as country's interim president: from April 28 to June 20, 1969 and from April 3 to May 24, 1974.
  • 1979 The eradication of the smallpox virus was certified. Smallpox became the first and to date only human disease driven to extinction.
  • 1971 Died: Ralph Bunche, American political scientist and academic. He received the Nobel Peace Prize for his late 1940s mediation in Israel.
  • 1968 Douglas Engelbart publicly demonstrated the first computer mouse, hypertext and graphical user interface.
  • 1965 A fireball was seen in the sky from Michigan to Pennsylvania. The witnesses reported that something crashed in the woods near Pittsburgh. In 2005 NASA admitted, that it examined the object and claimed, that it was a re-entering Russian satellite.
  • 1964 Bron: Paul Landers, German musician, best known as guitarist for the German rock band Rammstein.
  • 1962 Born: Felicity Huffman, American actress, a Golden Globe and an Emmy Award winner. She is best-known for the role as Lynette Scavio in Desperate Housewives.
  • 1960 The first episode of Coronation Street was broadcast in the United Kingdom. This is the longest running soap opera in the world.
  • 1956 Trans-Canada Air Lines Flight 810 crashed near Hope, British Colombia after encountering severe icing and turbulence over the mountains. All 62 people on board were killed.
  • 1953 Born: John Malkovich, American actor, producer, director and fashion designer. He is known for the roles in over 70 motion films, including Places in the Heart, The Killing Fields, Death of a Salesman, In the Line of Fire, Heart of Darkness etc.
  • 1946 The Subsequent Nuremberg trials began with the Doctors' trial, prosecuting physicians and offices who were involved in Nazi human experimentation and mass murder under the guise of euthanasia.
  • 1941 Cuba, Guatemala, the Philippine Commonwealth and the Republic of China declared war on Germany and Japan.
  • 1937 Died: Gustaf Dalén, Swedish physicist and engineer, founder of the AGA company. In 1912 he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics for invention of automatic regulators for use in conjunction with gas accumulators.
  • 1926 Born: Henry Way Kendall, American physicist. He is known for his investigations concerning deep inelastic scattering of electrons on protons and bound neurons. This work brought him the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1990.
  • 1924 Died: Bernard Zweers, Dutch composer and educator. His major work was Third Symphony, also known as To My Fatherland.
  • 1919 Born: William Lipscomb, American chemist. In 1976 he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his studies on the structure of boranes illuminating problems of chemical bonding.
  • 1906 Born: Grace Hopper, American computer scientist and rear admiral. She was one of the first programmers of the Harvard Mark I computer in 1944 and invented the first compiler for a computer programming language.
  • 1897 French activist Marguerite Durand founded the feminist daily newspaper La Fronde in Paris. The newspaper became monthly edition in 1903 and was totally cut back in 1905.
  • 1883 Born: Joseph Pilates, German-born American fitness expert. He invented and promoted the Pilates method of physical fitness.
  • 1868 Born: Fritz Haber, German chemist. In 1918 he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for invention of the method used in industry to synthesize ammonia from nitrogen and hydrogen gases.
  • 1851 The first YMCA in North America was established in Montreal.
  • 1813 Born: Thomas Andrews, Irish chemist and physicist, renowned for his work on phase transitions between gases and liquids. He carried out a very complete inquire into the gas laws expressing the relations of pressure, temperature and volume in carbon dioxide.
  • 1798 Died: Johann Reinhold Forster, German pastor, botanist and ornithologist. He followed James Cook on his second Pacific voyage as the naturalist. His work helped set the stage for the future development of anthropology and ethnology.
  • 1793 Noah Webster established the first New York City's daily newspaper the American Minerva.
  • 1748 Born: Claude Louis Berthollet, French chemist, known for his scientific contributions to the theory of chemical equilibria via the mechanism of reverse chemical reactions. He was also the first to demonstrate the bleaching action of chlorine gas.
  • 1718 Died: Vincenzo Coronelli, Italian monk and cartographer. He is primarily known for his atlases and globes, measuring 384 cm in diameter and weighing approximately 2 tons.
  • 1641 Died: Anthony van Dyck, Dutch artist of the Flemish Baroque period. He became the leading court painter in England and his most famous portraits depict Charles I of England, his family and court.
  • 1544 Died: Teofilo Folengo, Italian poet, who wrote under the pseudonym of Merlino Coccajo. He was one of the principal Italian macaronic poets.