Holidays Calendar for December 15, 2016

Court Workers' Day is celebrated in Ukraine on December 15. This professional day was established by President of Ukraine Leonid Kuchma in 2000.

An estimated 2 million people around the world speak Esperanto, the first most widely spoken constructed language. These people annually celebrate Zamenhof Day on December 15. This is a very important holiday, that draws public attention to Esperanto.

Every year the Dutch celebrate Kingdom Day on December 15. This is not an official national holiday, however, the government buildings fly the flag of the Netherlands with an orange pennant.

December 15 is Bill of Rights Day in the United States. It is a national observance declared by President Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1941, commemorating the 150th anniversary of the Bill of Rights ratification.

Tea is one of the most popular beverages around the world. And it looks so natural to have a special day to celebrate it. By the way, here it is, International Tea Day, that every year falls on December 15.

December 15 is believed to be the National Cupcake Day or the National Lemon Cupcake Day – both variants can be found online. It is a perfect occasion for indulging yourself with delicious small cakes.

This Day in History

  • 2010 Died: Blake Edwards, American director, screenwriter and producer. He started his career as an actor, but then moved to producing and directing in film and television. His most successful films include Breakfast at Tiffany's, Days of Wine and Roses and Pink Panther film series.
  • 2010 48 of 90 asylum seekers from Iran and Iraq died after their boat crashed into rock off the coast of Christmas Island, Australia.
  • 2008 Died: León Febres Cordero, Ecuadorian politician, who served as President of Ecuador from August 10, 1984 to August 10, 1988.
  • 2001 The Leaning Tower of Pisa was reopened after 11 years spent to fortify it without fixing its famous lean.
  • 1978 U.S. President Jimmy Carter announced that the United States would recognize the People's Republic of China and sever diplomatic relations with Taiwan.
  • 1976 Western Samoa became a member of the United Nations. Palau would join the organization the same day in 1994.
  • 1976 The oil tanker MV Argo Merchant ran aground near Nantucket, Massachusetts, causing one of the works marine oil spills in history.
  • 1973 John Paul Getty III, the grandson of American billionaire J. Paul Getty, was found alive near Naples, Italy, after being kidnapped by an Italian gang on July 10.
  • 1970 Born: Michael Shanks, Canadian actor and director. He is best known for the role as Dr. Daniel Jackson in television series Stargate SG-1.
  • 1970 The Soviet spacecraft Venera 7 successfully landed on Venus. This was the first successful soft landing on another planet.
  • 1966 Died: Walt Disney, American animator, entrepreneur and producer, co-founder of The Walt Disney Company. He is known for his influence and contributions to entertainment during the 20th century.
  • 1958 Died: Wolfgang Pauli, Austrian-born Swiss physicist. In 1945 he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics for the discovery of a new law of Nature. His discovery involved spin theory as the basis of a theory of the structure of matter.
  • 1949 Born: Don Johnson, American actor, singer, songwriter, best known for the role as James "Sonny" Crockett in the TV series Miami Voice and the leading role in the cop series Nash Bridges.
  • 1939 Gone with the Wind received its premier at Loew's Grand Theatre in Atlanta, Georgia, United States.
  • 1928 Born: Friedensreich Hundertwasser, Austrian artist and architect, one of the best-known Austrian artists of the end of the 20th century. One of his most recognizable masterpiece is Hundertwasser House in Vienna, Austria.
  • 1923 Born: Uziel Gal, Israeli firearm designer, best known as the designer and namesake of the Uzi submachine gun.
  • 1916 Born: Maurice Wilkins, English physicist and biologist. He is remembered for his research that contributed to the scientific understanding of phosphorescence, isotope separation, optical microscopy and X-ray diffraction. In 1962 he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for discoveries concerning the molecular structure of nucleic acids.
  • 1914 687 Japanese were killed in a gas explosion at Mitsubishi Hōjō coal mine.
  • 1892 Born: J. Paul Getty, American industrialist, once the richest living American according to Fortune magazine. Getty was the founder of the Getty Oil company in 1964.
  • 1890 Died: Sitting Bull, American tribal chief and Hunkpapa Lakota holy man. He led his people during years of resistance to the United States government policies. He was killed by Indian agency police.
  • 1878 Died: Alfred Bird, English chemist and manufacturer. He is remembered for numerous inventions in he food industry, including egg-free custard and backing powder.
  • 1860 Born: Niels Ryberg Finsen, Faroese-Danish physician and educator. In 1903 he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his contribution to the treatment of lupus vulgaris and other diseases with concentrated light radiation.
  • 1859 Born: Ludwik Lejzer Zamenhof, Polish physician, inventor and writer. He is widely known as the author of Esperanto, the most successful constructed language in the world. He developed Esperanto while he was in school.
  • 1852 Born: Henri Becquerel, French physicist and chemist. The SI unit of radioactivity, the becquerel, is named after him. Becquerel was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in recognition of the extraordinary services he has rendered by his discovery of spontaneous radioactivity in 1903.
  • 1832 Born: Gustave Eiffel, French engineer and architect. He is best known as the designer of the Eiffel Tower, built for the 1889 Universal Exposition in Paris, and for his contributions to designing the Statue of Liberty in New York.
  • 1792 Died: Joseph Martin Kraus, German-born Swedish composer. He is often referred to as the Swedish Mozart and his life span was very similar to that of Mozart.
  • 1791 The Virginia General Assembly ratified the United States Bill of Rights, thus the document became law.
  • 1753 Died: Richard Boyle, 3rd Earl of Burlington, English architect, often called the Apollo of the Arts. His most prominent works are Westminster School and Chiswick House.
  • 1683 Died: Izaak Walton, English writer, best known as the author of The Compleat Angler. Walton also wrote a number of short biographies, that were collected under the title of Walton's Lives.
  • 1675 Died: Johannes Vermeer, Dutch painter, who specialized in domestic interior scenes of middle-class life. He is renowned for his masterly treatment and use of light in his work.