The National Cocoa Day is celebrated on December 13. This food day is a perfect occasion to indulge yourself with a cup of hot cocoa or some chocolate confections.
This Day in History
2014At least 56 people were killed by the landslides caused by heavy rain in Java, Indonesia.
20116 people were killed and 125 wounded by a 33-year-old Nordine Amrani in the city of Liège, Belgium. Amrani attacked people at a Christmas market before committing suicide.
2006Died: Lamar Hunt, American sportsman and promoter of various games in the United States. He was the principal founder of the American Football League and Major League Soccer.
2003Former President of Iraq Saddam Hussein was captured near his home town of Tikrit.
2002The EU announced, that 10 more countries would become members of the Union on May 1, 2004. These were Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Malta, Slovakia and Slovenia.
1989Born: Taylor Swift, American singer, songwriter and actress. She established herself as one of the best-selling artists of all time.
1986Died: Heather Angel, English actress. She was a well-known actress in the UK and built a career in the USA. She collaborated with Walt Disney and provided voice for his animated films Alice in Wonderland and Peter Pan.
1981Born: Amy Lee, American singer, songwriter, co-founder and leading vocalist of the rock band Evanescence.
1972Eugene Cernan and Harrison Schmitt began the third and final extra-vehicular activity or Moonwalk of Apollo 17. They are the last humans to set foot on the Moon to date.
1967Born: Jamie Foxx, American actor, writer and producer. Foxx is well known for the roles in Django Unchained and The Amazing Spider-Man 2.
1961Died: Anna Mary Robertson Moses, better known by her nickname Grandma Moses, a renowned American folk artist. She began painting at the age of 78 and she became an example of an individual successfully beginning career in the arts at an advanced age.
1960The Imperial Bodyguard Kebur Zabagna of Emperor Haile Selassie of Ethiopia seized the capital, while Emperor visited Brazil. He proclaimed himself Emperor and deposed Selassie's son Crown Prince Asfa Wossen.
1955Died: António Egas Moniz, Portuguese psychiatrist and neurosurgeon. He developed the cerebral angiography and was one of the founders of modern psychosurgery. He is best known for development of surgical procedure lobotomy, that won him the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1949.
1937The city of Nanjing defended by the National Revolutionary Army fell to the Japanese during the Second Sino-Japanese War. This led to the Nanjing Massacre, in which the Japanese troops raped and murdered hundreds of thousands civilians.
1935Died: Victor Grignard, French chemist. In 1912 he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for devising a new method for generating carbon-carbon bonds using magnesium to couple ketones and alkyl halides.
1934Died: Thomas A. Watson, American inventor. He was an assistant to Alexander Graham Bell, notably in the invention of the telephone in 1876.
1930Died: Fritz Pregl, Slovenian-Austrian chemist and physician, remembered for his important contributions to quantitative organic microanalysis. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for this work in 1923.
1923Born: Philip Warren Anderson, American physicist, known for his investigations into the electronic structure of magnetic and disordered systems. This work brought him the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1977.
1911Born: Trygve Haavelmo, Norwegian economist, an influential figure of his time. In 1989 he was awarded the Novel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences for his clarification of the probability theory foundations of econometrics and his analyses of simultaneous economic structures.
1888Born: Werner von Siemens, German inventor and industrialist, the founder of the electrical and telecommunications company Siemens AG.
1887Born: George Pólya, Hungarian mathematician, professor of mathematics from 1940 to 1953 at Standford University. He is known for his fundamental contributions to combinatorics, number theory, numerical analysis and probability theory.
1818Born: Mary Todd Lincoln, First Lady of the United States, wife of the 16th President of the USA Abraham Lincoln. She supported her husband throughout his presidency and witnessed his fatal shooting at Ford's Theater in Washington.
1797Born: Heinrich Heine, German poet, journalist and critic, a well-known person outside Germany for his early lyric poetry, that was set to music by Robert Schumann and Franz Schubert.
1784Died: Samuel Johnson, English author, remembered for his lasting contributions to English literature. He is described as arguably the most distinguished man of letters in English history. He is famous for his ten-volume collection of biographies Lives of the Most Eminent English Poets.
1769The Reverend Eleazar Wheelock founded Dartmouth College on land donated by Royal governor John Wentworth.
1758The English transport ship Duke William sank in the North Atlantic. Over 360 people were killed.
1720Born: Carlo Gozzi, Italian playwright. He is best known as the author of the plays based on fairy tales, including The Love for Three Oranges.
1642The Dutch seafarer Abel Tasman reached the shores of New Zealand.
1565Died: Conrad Gessner, Swiss naturalist and bibliographer, a well-known botanist, physician and linguist. His five-volume Historiae animalium is considered to be the beginning of modern zoology.
1466Died: Donato di Niccolò di Betto Bardi, better known as Donatello, Italian sculptor. He is known for his work in bas-relief, a form of a shallow relief sculpture.