Holidays Calendar for December 4, 2016

King Tupou I Day is a Tongan public holiday celebrated on December 4 (actual observation date may vary from year to year). It was established to commemorate the anniversary of King Tupou I's coronation.

Good Neighborliness Day is a public holiday in Turkmenistan, that is annually celebrated on the first Sunday in December. This holiday was established on the basis of an old custom goňşy okara, according to which people were to share bread and salt with their neighbors. Festive events dedicated to this holiday take place in many cities across Turkmenistan.


Many Western Christian churches observe Advent as an expecting time and preparation for the upcoming Christmas. The second Sunday of Advent has it's own traditions.


The Presentation of Mary, also known as the Entry of the Most Holy Theotokos into the Temple, is one of the twelve Great Feasts in the Eastern Orthodox Church. It is celebrated on December 4 in the Gregorian calendar.

Eid il-Burbara (Saint Barbara's Day) is a religious holiday celebrated by Middle Eastern Christians. It is observed on December 4, the feast day of Saint Barbara. The holiday is celebrated by Christians in Lebanon, Syria, Israel, Palestine, Jordan, and Turkey.

Lawyer's Day is a professional holiday in Belarus. It's annually celebrated by all lawyers on the first Sunday in December. This professional day was officially established by President of Belarus in 1998.


Navy Day in India is celebrated on December 4. It was established to commemorate the Operation Trident that took place during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971. The largest celebration is held in the port city of Visakhapatnam.

Miners' Day (Dzień Górnika) is a traditional professional holiday in Poland celebrated on December 4. It is also known as Barbórka because it coincides with the feast day of Saint Barbara, the patron saint of miners and other who work with explosives.

Thai Environment Day is celebrated on December 4. It is an official observance that was established in 1991. Although it is not a national holiday, it is widely marked with various events and activities.

Commemoration Day of Victims of Genocide Against the Latvian People by the Totalitarian Communist Regime is a memorial day in Latvia, that is annually observed on the first Sunday in December. This memorial day was initiated by the Eastern Latvian Society and it was approved by the government of Latvia in 1998.


The National Cookie Day is a food-related holiday dedicated to a very popular treat. It is celebrated on December 4. This day is a perfect occasion to indulge yourself with your favorite type of cookie, be it peanut butter, chocolate chip, or oatmeal raisin.


This Day in History

  • 2005 Tens thousands people in Hong Kong went to protest for democracy, calling the government to allow universal and equal suffrage.
  • 1993 Died: Frank Zappa, American musician, songwriter, composer, producer, whose career spanned for 30 years. He was a self-taught composer and performer, and worked in many musical genres during his career.
  • 1991 The last and the longest-held American hostage in Lebanon, journalist Terry A. Anderson, was released after seven years in captivity in Beirut.
  • 1980 English rock group Led Zeppelin officially disbanded, following the death of drummer John Bonham on September 25.
  • 1977 Malaysian Airline System Flight 65 was hijacked and diverted to Singapore. The aircraft crashed in Tanjung Kupang, Johor, Malaysia, all 93 passengers and 7 crew killed.
  • 1973 Born: Tyra Banks, American model, television personality, producer, actress. She became famous as a model working for Victoria's Secret and being one of its original Angels. She also created and hosts America's Next Top Model reality television show.
  • 1971 Someone set ablaze the Montreux Casino in Switzerland during the concert of Frank Zappa. This incident became the basis for the the Deep Purple song Smoke on the Water.
  • 1969 Born: Shawn Corey Carter, better known by his stage name Jay Z, American rapper, producer and entrepreneur. He is one of the most successful hip hop artists in the USA and one of the world's best selling artists of all time.
  • 1963 Born: Sergey Bubka, Ukrainian pole vaulter. He won six consecutive IAAF World Championships, an Olympic gold medal and broke the world record for men's pole vault 35 times (18 indoor and 17 outdoor records).
  • 1954 The first hamburger and fast food restaurant Burger King was opened in Miami.
  • 1945 Died: Thomas Hunt Morgan, American biologist and science author. In 1933 he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his discoveries elucidating the role that the chromosome plays in heredity.
  • 1945 The United States Senate approved by a vote 65 to 7 participation of the United States in the United Nations, that had been established earlier on October 24.
  • 1944 Born: Dennis Wilson, American musician, singer and songwriter. He was one of the co-founders (drummer) of the American rock band The Beach Boys.
  • 1932 Born: Roh Tae-woo, South Korean politician and general. He served as the 6th President of South Korea from February 25, 1988 to February 525, 1993.
  • 1922 Born: Gérard Philipe, French actor, active from 1944 till his death in 1959. His talent was recognized worldwide, but he died from liver cancer a few days short before his 37th birthday.
  • 1910 Born: Ramaswamy Venkataraman, Indian activist, lawyer and politician. He served as the 8th President of India from July 25, 1987 to July 25, 1992.
  • 1909 The first Grey Cup game in Canadian football was played between the University of Toronto Varsity Blues and the Toronto Parkdale Canoe Club, 26-6.
  • 1909 The Montreal Canadiens ice hockey club was founded as a charter member of the National Hockey Association. The club became the oldest surviving professional hockey franchise in the world.
  • 1908 Born: Alfred Hershey, American biologist, remembered for his discovery on the replication of viruses and their genetic structure. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1969.
  • 1902 Died: Charles Dow, American journalist. He founded The Wall Street Journal, that became one of the most respectable financial publications in the world. He also invented the Dow Jones Industrial Average and developed a series of principles for understanding and analyzing market behavior (Dow theory).
  • 1893 Died: John Tyndall, English physicist and chemist, famous for his study of dimagnetism, discoveries in the realms of infrared radiation and physical properties of air. He publish more than a dozen science books, bringing the experimental physics to a wide audience.
  • 1875 Born: Rainer Maria Rilke, Austrian poet and author, widely regarded as one of the most lyrically intense German-language poets. His best known works include Duino Elegies, Sonnets to Orpheus, The Notebooks of Malte Laurids Brigge and a collection of ten letters Letters of a Young Poet.
  • 1850 Died: William Sturgeon, English physicist and inventor. He is known for making the first electromagnets and inventing the first practical English electric motor.
  • 1850 Died: Charles Richet, French physiologist, known for his investigations in neurochemistry, digestion, thermoregulation in homeothermic animals, and breathing. In 1913 he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in recognition of his works on anaphylaxis.
  • 1835 Born: Samuel Butler, English author of Victorian era. Two of his most famous pieces are the Utopian satire Erewhon and a semi-autobiographical novel The Way of All Flesh.
  • 1798 Died: Luigi Galvani, Italian physician, physicist and philosopher. He is known for his experiments, discovering that dead frog muscles twitch when struck by an electrical spark. This was one of the first forays into the study of bioelectricity.
  • 1791 The first edition of The Observer, the world's first Sunday newspaper, was published by W.S. Bourne in London.
  • 1679 Died: Thomas Hobbes, English philosopher, best known for his work on political philosophy. His most famous book is Leviathan, that established social contract theory, became the foundation of most later Western political philosophy.
  • 1642 Died: Armand Jean du Plessis, Cardinal-Duke of Richelieu and of Fronsac, French clergyman and statesman. In 1622 he became King Louis XIII's chief minister, thus actually assuming the reign of France. He is also known as a leading character in The Three Musketeers by Alexandre Dumas.
  • 1131 Died: Omar Khayyám, Persian mathematician, astronomer, philosopher and poet. He is renowned for his poetry, quatrains, full of philosophical thoughts and teachings. His quatrains are gathered in the Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam.