Holidays Calendar for October 8, 2018

Columbus Day is one of the federal holidays in the United States. It is observed on the second Monday in October. Columbus Day celebrates Christopher Columbus's first arrival to the Americas in 1492.


Thanksgiving Day is mostly known as an American holiday, but it is also celebrated in Canada, where it falls on the second Monday in October.


Croatian Independence Day is celebrated on October 8. This national public holiday commemorates the independence of Croatia from Yugoslavia in 1991.

Battle of Angamos Day, also known as Navy Day, is a public holiday in Peru celebrated on October 8. It commemorates the anniversary of the creation of the Peruvian Navy (1821) and of the naval Battle of Angamos fought in 1879 during the War of the Pacific.

Health and Sports Day (Taiiku no Hi) is a Japanese public holiday celebrated on the second Monday in October. It was established in 1966 to promote sports and a healthy lifestyle. The original date of the holiday was October 10, but in 2000 it was moved to create a long weekend.


Norfolk Island Agricultural Show is an annual event held in October. The culmination of the show falls in the second Monday in October, it is an official public holiday in the Territory of Norfolk Island.


On the second Monday of October, the citizens of Sint Maarten, a small island country in the Caribbean, celebrate Constitution Day. This public holiday was established to commemorate the day when the current Constitution of Sint Maarten entered into force.


Lawyer's Day is a Ukrainian professional holiday celebrated on October 8 every year. It was officially established in September 1997 and has been observed ever since.

October 8 is celebrated as Air Force Day in IndiaA. It commemorates the anniversary of the official foundation of the Indian Air Force in 1932.

Day of the Heroic Guerrilla is an annual observance dedicated to Che Guevara, a famous Marxist revolutionary who played a key role in the Cuban Revolution. It commemorates the day Che Guevara was captured in Bolivia in 1967.

Although PB&J (peanut butter and jelly sandwich) is probably the most popular, there are other varieties of peanut butter sandwich as well. For example, a Fluffernutter (or a Fluffer nutter) is a sandwich made with peanut butter and marshmallow creme. It even has its own holiday, the National Fluffernutter Day, celebrated on October 8.

Indigenous Peoples' Day is celebrated in some localities in the United States on the second Monday in October. This observance was originally designed as a counter-celebration to Columbus Day, a federal holiday which celebrates Christopher Columbus's arrival in the Americas.


Children's Day is celebrated in Iran annually on October 8. This holiday is celebrated under the aegis of UNICEF.


This Day in History

  • 2011 Died: Al Davis, American football coach and executive. He was the principal owner and general manager of the Oakland Raiders of the NFL.
  • 2008 Died: George Emil Palade, renowned Romanian-American cell biologist who was awarded the 1974 Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine.
  • 2005 A 7.6 magnitude earthquake occurred in the Kashmir region of Pakistan, killing approximately 86,000 people. Over 2.8 million were displaced.
  • 2001 Two aircraft collided at Linate Airport in Milan, Italy, killing 118 people (including 4 on ground). It is the deadliest air disaster in Italian aviation history.
  • 1992 Died: Willy Brandt, German statesman and politician, chancellor of the FRG from 1969 to 1974. He was awarded the 1971 Nobel Peace Prize.
  • 1985 Died: Malcolm Ross, American captain in the U. S. Naval Reserve, atmospheric scientist, and balloonist who set several records for altitude.
  • 1985 Born: Bruno Mars (stage name of Peter Gene Hernandez), American singer-songwriter, voice actor, record producer, and choreographer.
  • 1982 Died: Philip Noel-Baker, British politician, diplomat, academic, and outstanding amateur athlete who was awarded the 1959 Nobel Peace Prize.
  • 1970 Born: Anne-Marie Duff, English actress, best known for her roles as Fiona Gallagher in Shameless and Elizabeth I in The Virgin Queen.
  • 1970 Born: Matt Damon, American actor, producer, and screenwriter. He won an Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay (Good Will Hunting).
  • 1969 The Days of Rage demonstrations began in Chicago. They were organized by the Weatherman faction of the group Students for a Democratic Society.
  • 1962 German magazine Der Spiegel published the article "Conditionally prepared for defense" about a NATO exercise Fallex 62, causing a scandal.
  • 1949 Born: Sigourney Weaver (born Susan Alexandra Weaver), American actress and producer, best known for her role as Ellen Ripley in the Alien franchise.
  • 1945 American engineer and inventor Percy Spencer filed a patent for a microwave cooking oven. The oven was eventually named the Radarange.
  • 1945 Died: Felix Salten, Austrian author and critic. His most famous work is the novel Bambi, a Life in the Woods (first published in 1923).
  • 1939 Born: Paul Hogan, Australian comedian and actor best known for his role as as Michael "Crocodile" Dundee in "Crocodile" Dundee (1986).
  • 1928 Died: Larry Semon, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter. He was considered a major movie comedian during the silent film era.
  • 1920 Born: Frank Herbert, American science fiction author, journalist, photographer, book reviewer, and lecturer. Herbert is best known for the Dune saga.
  • 1892 Born: Marina Tsvetaeva, Russian and Soviet poet and writer. She is considered one of the most important Russian poets of the 20th century.
  • 1889 Born: Collett E. Woolman, American businessman, primarily remembered as a co-founder and CEO of Delta Air Service (now Delta Air Lines).
  • 1883 Born: Otto Heinrich Warburg, renowned German medical doctor and physiologist who was awarded the 1931 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.
  • 1869 Died: Franklin Pierce, American lawyer, general, and politician who served as the 14th President of the United States from 1853 to 1857.
  • 1862 The Battle of Perryville, also known as the Battle of Chaplin Hills and the Battle for Kentucky, was fought during the American Civil War.
  • 1856 The Second Opium War, also known as the Anglo-French expedition to China, began with the so-called Arrow Incident on the Pearl River.
  • 1848 Born: Pierre De Geyter, Belgian socialist and composer, best known for writing the music of the left-wing anthem The Internationale.
  • 1813 Bavaria and Austria signed the Treaty of Ried. By this treaty, Bavaria joined the Sixth Coalition against Napoleon to retain its sovereign status.
  • 1793 Died: John Hancock, American merchant, statesman, politician, and patriot. Hancock served as president of the Second Continental Congress.
  • 1754 Died: Henry Fielding, English novelist and playwright, whose best known works include Love in Several Masques, The Modern Husband, Amelia.
  • 1600 The Constitution of San Marino was adopted. It is widely considered to be the oldest surviving constitution of any sovereign state in the world.
  • 1573 The Siege of Alkmaar ended, resulting in a decisive English and Dutch victory over Spain. It was a turning point the Eighty Years' War.