Holidays Calendar for April 18, 2016

Most Commonwealth realms and British overseas territories celebrate the Queen's Official Birthday in June. However, Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cuhna is an exception. Here the birthday of Queen Elizabeth II is observed on the third Monday in April which is close to its actual date.


Independence Day in Zimbabwe is celebrated on April 18. It celebrates the country's independence from the United Kingdom in 1980.

World Amateur Radio Day is an annual observance held on April 18. It marks the anniversary of the establishment of the International Amateur Radio Union in 1925.

International Day for Monuments and Sites is an annual observance held on April 18. It was officially established by UNESCO in 1983, following the initiative of the International Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS).

On April 18, Iran celebrates Army Day. This annual holiday commemorates the anniversary of the establishment of the Islamic Republic of Iran Army.

In Japan, April 18 is known as Invention Day. It was established in 1954 by the Ministry of International Trade and Industry of Japan and has been celebrated each year ever since.

April 18 is one of the Days of Military Honor in Russia. It celebrates the victory of the Republic of Novgorod over the Teutonic Knights in the Battle of Ice in 1242, therefore the observance is commonly referred to as Battle on the Ice Day.

Battle of Dybbøl Day is a flag-flying day in the Danish military. It marks the anniversary of the key battle of the Second Schleswig War, in which Denmark was severely defeated by Prussia. The battle was fought on April 18, 1864.

April 18 is National Animal Crackers Day. If you loved them when you were a child, then you have to celebrate this holiday.


This Day in History

  • 2007 A series of bombings, two of them were suicides, occurred in Baghdad. 198 were killed and 251 injured.
  • 2002 Died: Thor Heyerdahl, Norwegian ethnographer, best known for his Kon-Tiki expedition from South America to the Polynesian islands on a hand-build raft. This expedition became the basis for a documentary film, entitles Kon-Tiki, which won an Academy Award in 1951.
  • 1988 The United States launched Operation Praying Mantis against Iranian naval forces. This battle became the largest one since World War II.
  • 1984 Born: America Ferrera, American actress and producer, best known for the role of Betty Suarez in the TV series Ugly Betty. This role brought her the Golden Globe Award for Best Actress and international recognition.
  • 1981 The longest professional baseball game began in Pawtucket, Rhode Island. The game was suspended at 4 a. m. the next morning ant finally completed on June 23.
  • 1974 Born: Edgar Wright, English director and screenwriter, best known for his comedic Three Flavours Cornetto film trilogy (Shaun of the Dead, Hot Fuzz and The World's End).
  • 1971 Born: David Tennant, Scottish actor, best known for his role as the tenth incarnation of the Doctor in British TV series Doctor Who.
  • 1956 Born: Eric Roberts, American actor, the elder brother of actress Julia Roberts. He played in over 250 films, won Golden Globe Award and Academy Award.
  • 1955 Died: Albert Einstein, German-American physicist, the developer of the general theory of relativity and Nobel Prize laureate for discovery of the photoelectric effect.
  • 1955 The first Asian-African Conference was held in Bandung, Indonesia. 29 nations were present to promote Afro-Asian economic and cultural cooperation and to oppose colonialism or neocolonialism by any nation.
  • 1947 Died: Jozef Tiso, Slovak priest, leading politician of the Slovak People's Party, President of the first Slovak Republic. After World War II Tiso was convicted and hanged for treason.
  • 1946 The International Court of Justice, the primary judicial branch of the UN, held its inaugural meeting in The Hague, Netherlands.
  • 1945 Died: John Ambrose Fleming, English physicist and engineer, inventor of the vacuum tube.
  • 1940 Born: Joseph L. Goldstein, American biochemist, Nobel Prize laureate for the studies regarding cholesterol. His studies led to the development of statin drugs.
  • 1936 Died: Ottorino Respighi, Italian composer and conductor, best known for his orchestral music, particularly for Fountains of Rome, Pines of Rome and Roman Festivals. During his life he wrote a number of operas, one of the most successful was The Flame (La fiamma).
  • 1906 An earthquake magnitude 7.8 struck San Francisco, California, and destroyed much of the city. 3,000 people died.
  • 1905 Born: George H. Hitchings, American physician, Nobel Prize laureate with Sir James Black and Gertrude Elion for discoveries of important principles for drug treatment. Hitchings was praised for his work on chemotherapy.
  • 1898 Died: Gustave Moreau, French painter, best remembered for biblical and mythological figures. Among his most notable works are Orpheus, Europa and the Bull, Salomé, Hesiod and the Muse.
  • 1897 The Greco-Turkish War was declared between Greece and the Ottoman Empire. The war lasted for about a month and it ended with a military victory of the Ottoman Empire, and diplomatic victory of Greece.
  • 1874 Born: Ivana Brlić-Mažuranić, Croatian author. She was praised in Croatia and internationally as the best Croatian writer for children.
  • 1873 Died: Justus von Liebig, German chemist, best remembered for his contributions to agricultural chemistry. Von Liebig is generally regarded as the founder of organic chemistry and as one of the greatest chemistry teacher of all time.
  • 1857 Allan Kardec published his book The Spirits Book, thus marking the birth of Spiritualism in France.
  • 1838 Born: Paul-Émile Lecoq de Boisbaudran, French chemist, known for discoveries of the chemical elements gallium, samarium and dysprosium.
  • 1797 Born: Adolphe Thiers, French historian and politician. He was the leading historian of the French Revolution and vocal opponent of Emperor Napoleon III. After the overthrow of the Second French Empire Thiers became the President of France.
  • 1772 Born: David Ricardo, English economist, one of the most influential classical economists. His most significant legacy is his theory of comparative advantage.
  • 1732 Died: Louis Feuillée, French astronomer, geographer, and botanist. He was the first botanist who scientifically described many South American plants. Feuillée is also remembered for description of Feuillée's monster, a monster that was born of a sheep and resembled a child, a horse and a calf.
  • 1587 Died: John Foxe, English historian and author, best known for the Actes and Monuments. His book was widely read by English Puritans and helped mold British popular opinion about the Catholic Church for several centuries.
  • 1552 Died: John Leland, English poet and antiquary. He is regarded as the father of English local history and bibliography. His Itinerary became a unique source of observations and raw materials and introduced the county as the basic unit for studying the local history of England.
  • 1509 The construction of St. Peter's Basilica began in Rome. The basilica was completed only 120 years later.
  • 1025 Bolesław Chrobry became the first King of Poland after he had been crowned in Gniezno. His reign lasted only for two months.