Holidays Calendar for April 13, 2016

World's Day of Remembrance for Victims of Katyn Massacre is a national holiday in Poland, although it is typically a working day unless it falls on a weekend. This remembrance day is observed annually on April 13.

In many countries in South and Southeast Asia, the traditional New Year's festival is celebrated from April 13 to April 15. It is known by many names, but the best known name is Songkran. The festival is so called in Thailand and Laos.

Ecuadorian teachers celebrate their professional holiday, Teachers' Day, on April 13. This holiday was established in honor of Juan Montalvo, an outstanding Ecuadorian author.

April 13 is Thomas Jefferson's Birthday, the third President of the USA. He is considered as an American Founding Father and the author of the Declaration of Independence.

There's nothing sweeter and tastier than peach cobbler. Although peaches are not in season, it doesn't make National Peach Cobbler Day on April 13 less appealing.

The Day of Pink, sometimes referred to as the International Day of Pink, is a Canadian anti-bullying awareness campaign held on the second Wednesday of April. On this day, people are encouraged to wear an item of pink clothing to raise awareness of bullying, discrimination, homophobia and transphobia.


This Day in History

  • 2014 In Mexico, a bus traveling from Villahermosa to Mexico City crashed into a tractor-trailer and caught fire. 36 people died and 4 were injured in the accident.
  • 2013 Died: Frank Bank, American actor who is remembered for his role as Clarence "Lumpy" Rutherford on the sitcom Leave It to Beaver.
  • 2008 Died: John Archibald Wheeler, American theoretical physicist who participated in the Manhattan Project and development of the hydrogen bomb.
  • 1992 In the city of Chicago, the leak in a utility tunnel beneath the Chicago River caused the flood that devastated much of the central Chicago.
  • 1983 Died: Theodore Stephanides, Greek writer, poet, naturalist, and doctor who is probably best remembered as Gerald Durrell's mentor and friend.
  • 1975 Died: Larry Parks, American stage and film actor best known for his role as Al Jolson in the films The Jolson Story and Jolson Sings Again.
  • 1966 Died: Abdul Salam Arif, 2nd President of Iraq who ruled the country from 1963 until his death. He played the leading role in the overthrow of the Hashemite monarchy.
  • 1963 Born: Garry Kasparov (born Garik Weinstein), Soviet and Russian chess Grandmaster, World Chess Champion (from 1985 to 1993), one of the greatest chess players of all the time.
  • 1960 The United States successfully launched the Transit 1B satellite. TRANSIT (NAVSAT) was the world's first satellite navigation system to be used operationally.
  • 1958 23-year-old American pianist Van Cliburn won the first International Tchaikovsky Competition in Moscow at the height of the Cold War.
  • 1948 78 Jewish doctors, nurses, patients, students, faculty members, Haganah fighters and a British soldier from a medical convoy were ambushed and killed by Arab forces in Jerusalem.
  • 1945 Died: Ernst Cassirer, German philosopher who is considered to be one of the leading advocates of philosophical idealism in the 20th century.
  • 1944 Born: Charles Burnett, American director, producer, editor, actor, and writer whose best known films include Killer of Sheep, My Brother's Wedding, The Glass Shield.
  • 1941 The USSR and Japan signed the Soviet-Japanese Neutrality Pact two years after the brief Soviet-Japanese Border War, also known as the Battles of Khalkhyn Gol.
  • 1941 Died: Annie Jump Cannon, American astronomer who made a significant contribution to the development of modern stellar classification.
  • 1938 Died: Grey Owl (born Archibald Belaney), English-born Canadian environmentalist and writer remembered primarily for his conservation work.
  • 1922 Born: Julius Nyerere, Tanzanian politician who served as the leader of Tanganyika, the United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar, and Tanzania.
  • 1919 The Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea was established during the Japanese Korean period. It was not formally recognized by world powers.
  • 1912 Died: Takuboku Ishikawa, Japanese poet who is known as both a modern-style and tanka poems. He died at age 26 of tuberculosis.
  • 1906 Born: Samuel Beckett, Irish novelist, playwright, essayist, poet, and theater director. He was awarded the 1969 Nobel Prize for Literature.
  • 1870 The Metropolitan Museum was granted an Act of Incorporation by the New York State Legislature. It first opened two years later, on February 20, 1872.
  • 1853 Born: Frank Winfield Woolworth, American entrepreneur who founded F. W. Woolworth Company. He is remembered for his five-and-dime stores.
  • 1771 Born: Richard Trevithick, British inventor and mining engineer. One of his most significant inventions is the first high-pressure steam engine.
  • 1769 Born: Thomas Lawrence, English painter and the president of the Royal Academy from 1820 to 1830. He is one of the most outstanding portrait painters.
  • 1743 Born: Thomas Jefferson, American revolutionary, one of the Founding Fathers of the United States, the principal author of the Declaration of Independence and the 3rd President of the US.
  • 1742 George Frideric Handel's oratorio Messiah was first performed in Dublin. Eventually it became one of the best-known choral works in Western music.
  • 1695 Died: Jean de La Fontaine, French fabulist and poet whose collection of fables provided a model for subsequent fabulists across Europe such as John Gay, Ivan Krylov and others.
  • 1570 Born: Guy Fawkes, English soldier who is remembered for planning the failed Gunpowder Plot of 1605 along with fellow provincial English Catholics.
  • 1519 Born: Catherine de' Medici, Queen consort of France from 1547 to 1559, as the wife of King Henry II. Three of her sons became kings of France during her lifetime.
  • 1204 The crusaders invaded and sacked Constantinople during the Fourth Crusade, the Orthodox Christian capital of the Byzantine Empire.