Holidays Calendar for April 12, 2016

April 12 is World Aviation and Cosmonautics Day in many countries around the world. This holiday was established to commemorate the first manned flight into space.

April 12 is annual celebration of Day of Space and Rocket Industry Workers in Ukraine. This holiday was established in 1997 by President Leonid Kuchma.

Day of Science is annually observed in Kazakhstan on April 12. This observance was established by Presidential Decree in 2011 and the first celebration took place in 2012.

Grilled cheese sandwich requires just three basic ingredients, but it is one of the most popular comfort foods in the world. Celebrate National Grilled Cheese Sandwich Day on April 12 and don't forget to make your favorite sandwiches for breakfast.

International Day of Human Space Flight is one of the UN international observances. It's annually observed on April 12, the anniversary of the first human space flight.

Bolivia, as well as other countries of South America, faces problems of child abuse and violation of children's rights. Children's Day was created to stop exploiting children and remind them about their rights. This holiday is annually celebrated on April 12.

This Day in History

  • 2013 Died: Robert Byrne, American chess player and author, winner of the U.S. Championship in 1972 and a World Chess Championship Candidate in 1974. He represented the USA nine times in Chess Olympiads and won seven medals.
  • 2010 A train ran into a landslide and derailed near Merano, Italy. 9 people died, 28 injured.
  • 2004 Died: Moran Campbell, Canadian physician and academic, inventor of the venturi mask, an air-entrainment mask used to deliver a known oxygen concentration to patients on controlled oxygen therapy.
  • 2002 A female suicide bomber blew herself up at the entrance to Jerusalem's Mahane Yehuda open-air market. 7 were killed, 104 wounded.
  • 2001 Died: Harvey Ball, American illustrator. He is recognized as the early creator of the smiley, that became a notable international icon.
  • 1997 Died: George Wald, American neurologist, Nobel Prize laureate for discoveries relating vision.
  • 1992 The Euro Disney Resort officially opened with its theme park Euro Disneyland. Subsequently the resort and its park changed name to Disneyland Paris.
  • 1981 A space shuttle Columbia was launched for the first time to conduct STS-1 mission.
  • 1971 Born: Shannen Doherty, American actress, producer and television director, best known for the roles as Brenda Walsh in Beverly Hills, 90210 and as Prue Halliwell in Charmed.
  • 1961 Yuri Gagarin became the first human to travel into outer space and perform the first manned orbital flight.
  • 1954 Born: Jon Krakauer, American author, known for his best-selling non-fiction novels Into the Wild, Into Thin Air, Under the Banner of Heaven.
  • 1953 Died: Lionel Logue, Australian actor and speech language therapist. He treated King George VI, who had a pronounced stammer.
  • 1946 Born: Ed O'Neill, American actor, best known for his role as Al Bundy in sitcom Married... with Children and patriarch Jay Pritchett in sitcom Modern Family.
  • 1945 Died: Franklin D. Roosevelt, American lawyer and politician, the 32nd President of the United States.
  • 1938 Died: Feodor Chaliapin, Russian opera singer, important international singer at major opera houses. He is often credited with establishing the tradition of naturalistic acting in his chosen art form.
  • 1937 Sir Frank Whittle ground-tested the first jet engine designed to power an aircraft.
  • 1934 The strongest surface wind gust in the world at 231 mph, was measured on the summit of Mount Washington, New Hampshire.
  • 1933 Born: Montserrat Caballé, Spanish soprano and actress, best known for her bel canto technique and works of Rossini, Bellini, Donizetti and Verdi. She gained worldwide popularity when she sang song Barcelona with rock-star Freddie Mercury of Queen.
  • 1932 Born: Jean-Pierre Marielle, French actor, winner of Golden Goblet Award. He is best known for roles in films Les Milles, Little Lili, All the Mornings of the World, Les Galettes de Pont-Aven.
  • 1927 Chiang Kai-shek, leader of the Republic of China, ordered to execute the Communist Party of China members. This event marked the end the First United Front (a union of the Kuomintang and the Communist Party of China).
  • 1917 World War I: Vimy Ridge was successfully taken by the Canadian forces from the Germans.
  • 1912 Died: Clara Barton, American nurse and humanitarian, founder of the American Red Cross and a prominent nurse in the American Civil War.
  • 1903 Born: Jan Tinbergen, Dutch economist, Nobel Prize laureate for developing and appliance dynamic models for the analysis of economic process.
  • 1884 Born: Otto Fritz Meyerhof, German physician and biochemist, Nobel Prize laureate for his work on muscle metabolism.
  • 1839 Born: Nikolay Przhevalsky, Russian geographer and explorer of Central and East Asia. He made significant contributions to European knowledge of Central Asia and described the only extant species of Przewalski's horse, a wild horse named after him.
  • 1831 The Broughton Suspension Bridge in Manchester collapsed due to mechanical resonance induced by troops marching in step. This incident made the British Army to issue an order to break step when crossing a bridge.
  • 1817 Died: Charles Messier, French astronomer, notable for publishing an astronomical catalogue consisting of nebulae and star clusters known as the 110 "Messier objects".
  • 1782 Died: Metastasio, Italian poet and librettist, who is considered as the most important writer of opera seria libretti.
  • 1748 Born: Antoine Laurent de Jussieu, French botanist, notable for publishing of the first natural classification of flowering plants. His system remains in use today.
  • 1705 Born: William Cookworthy, English minister pharmacist and innovator. He discovered china clay in Cornwall and founded a works at Plymouth for the production of Plymouth Porcelain.