Holidays Calendar for April 14, 2016

In many countries in South and Southeast Asia, the traditional New Year's festival is celebrated from April 13 to April 15. It is known by many names, but the best known name is Songkran. The festival is so called in Thailand and Laos.

April 14 is Pan American Day, a holiday that commemorates the First International Conference of American States.

April 14 is Day of the Georgian Language. It has been celebrated since 1990 in commemoration of demonstrations against changing the constitutional status of languages in Georgian SSR that took place in 1978.

Dhivehi Language Day is a Maldivian holiday dedicated to the country's national language. It is celebrated on April 14, marking the birthday of Husain Salahuddin, an influential Maldivian author.

N'Ko Alphabet Day is celebrated on April 14 in some West African countries, where the Manding languages are spoken. It marks the anniversary of the date the alphabet is believed to have been finalized.

On April 14, citizens of India celebrate Ambedkar Jayanti – the birthday of Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar, outstanding lawyer, politician, and social reformer who was the principal architect of the country's constitution.

April 14 is National Pecan Day. This nut is native to the United Sates and Mexico, that is why early colonials could enjoy wild pecans.

Black Day is an annual informal holiday celebrated in South Korea two months after Valentine's Day, on April 14. It is mostly observed by singles.

In Angola, April 14 is known as Angolan Youth Day. This holiday commemorates Hoji-ya-Henda, an Angolan national hero who lost his life during the Portuguese Colonial War.


This Day in History

  • 2014 Died: Armando Peraza, Cuban-American drummer, best remembered for associations with Santana, a Latin rock band.
  • 2014 Died: Nina Cassian, Romanian poet, translator and critic. She is best remembered for translations of the works of William Shakespeare, Bertolt Brecht, Paul Celan, Christian Morgenstern and Yiannis Ritsos into Romanian. She also published more than 50 books of her own poetry.
  • 2010 A magnitude 6.9 earthquake stroke Yushu, Qinghai, China. Nearly 2,700 were killed and over 12,000 injured.
  • 2009 Died: Maurice Druon, French author, member of the Académie française. He was the recipient of numerous international honors for his works in literature.
  • 2007 The possible candidacy of incumbent Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan led to a mass protest in Ankara, Turkey. At least 200,000 demonstrators went to the streets of the capital of Turkey.
  • 2005 Died: John Fred, American singer-songwriter, frontman of John Fred and the Playboys group. They recorded song Judy in Disguise, that was a parodic play on The Beatles' song Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds.
  • 1999 A severe hailstorm stroke Sydney, Australia, causing a $2.3 billion in insured damages. This storm became the most costly natural disaster in Australian history.
  • 1988 In a United Nations ceremony in Geneva, Switzerland, the Soviet Union signed an agreement pledging to withdrawal its troops from Afghanistan.
  • 1986 Died: Simone de Beauvoir, French philosopher and author. De Beauvoir had a significant influence on feminist existentialism and feminist theories, although she didn't consider herself a philosopher. Today she is best remembered for treatise The Second Sex and novels She Came to Stay and The Mandarins.
  • 1986 The heaviest hailstone ever recorded fell on the Gopalganj district of Bangladesh. 92 were killed. The hailstones weighed 1 kg (2.2 lb).
  • 1980 Died: Gianni Rodari, Italian journalist and author of children's books. He received Hans Christian Andersen Medal in 1970, and many consider him Italy's most important 20th-century children's author.
  • 1977 Born: Sarah Michelle Gellar, American actress and producer, best remembered for the role as Buffy in TV series Buffy the Vampire Slayer. She also starred in I Know What You Did Last Summer, Scooby-Doo, Cruel Intentions.
  • 1976 Born: Georgina Chapman, English model, actress, and fashion designer, known as the co-founder of Marchesa, a high end womenswear brand.
  • 1973 Born: Adrien Brody, American actor and producer, best known for the role in Roman Polanski's The Pianist. He is the only actor under 30 to win the Academy Award for Best Actor.
  • 1964 Died: Rachel Carson, American biologist and author, best remembered for her book Silent Spring on the problems of global environment. Her book brought environmental concerns to an unprecedented share of the Americans, led to a nationwide ban of numerous pesticides and creation of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.
  • 1950 Died: Ramana Maharshi, Indian guru and philosopher, one of the most outstanding Hindu gurus of modern times.
  • 1950 Born: Péter Esterházy, Hungarian author, whose books are considered to be significant contributions to postwar literature. Esterházy received many international awards and today he is considered as one of the most widely known contemporary Hungarian authors.
  • 1948 Born: Husain Salaahuddin, Maldivian poet and scholar, one of the most prolific writers of early Maldivian literature. His Biography of Prophet Muhammad is considered as the quintessence of Maldivian writing, and it's audio version is broadcast every Ramadan on Maldivian radio.
  • 1945 Born: Ritchie Blackmore, English guitarist and songwriter, best known as one of the original members of Deep Purple.
  • 1944 A massive explosion occurred in Bombay harbor. 300 were killed and massive economic damage valued then at 20 million pounds was caused.
  • 1931 The Spanish Cortes deposed King Alfonso XIII and proclaimed the Second Spanish Republic.
  • 1927 Born: Alan MacDiarmid, New Zealand chemist and academic, Nobel Prize for Chemistry laureate for discovery and research on conductive polymers, plastic materials that conduct electricity.
  • 1927 The first Volvo car was premiered in Thornburg, Sweden.
  • 1921 Born: Thomas Schelling, American economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate for enhancing understanding of conflict and cooperation through game-theory analysis.
  • 1917 Died: L. L. Zamenhof, Polish linguist, creator of Esperanto, worlds most successful constructed language. He developed Esperanto, while he was still in school.
  • 1865 U.S President Abraham Lincoln was mortally wounded in Ford's Theater by John Wilkes Booth. Lincoln died the next day. Booth was on the run for 12 days and killed on April 26.
  • 1759 Died: George Frideric Handel, German-English organist and composer, famous for this operas, anthems, oratorios and organ concertos - Alexander's Feast, Miessiah, Water Music, Music for the Royal Fireworks.
  • 1699 The Sikh religion was formalized as the Khalsa, the brotherhood of Warrior-Satints, by Guru Gobind Singh in Northern India.
  • 1629 Born: Christiaan Huygens, Dutch mathematician, astronomer, and physicist, leading scientist of his time. He worked on the early studies of the rings of Saturn, discovery of its moon Titan and invention of the pendulum clock.
  • 1527 Born: Abraham Ortelius, Flemish cartographer and geographer, generally recognized as the creator of the first modern atlas Theatrum Orbis Terrarum (Theater of the World).