Holidays Calendar for April 26, 2016

Union Day is a public holiday in Tanzania that commemorates the unification of Tanganyika and the People's Republic of Zanzibar and Pemba into the United Republic of Tanzania in 1964. It is celebrated on April 26.

Pesah, or Passover is one of the most significant Jewish holidays. It commemorates the liberation of the Jewish people from slavery in ancient Egypt and the story of the Exodus. This festival commences on Nisan 15 and lasts for seven days in Israel and for eight days in the diaspora.


Border Guard Day is an annual professional holiday in the Republic of Armenia celebrated on April 26. It was established in 2007 by President Robert Kocharyan.

Day of Remembrance of the Chernobyl Tragedy is an official commemorative day in Ukraine, Belarus, and Russia. It honors the memory of the people who lost their lives in the worst nuclear power plant accident in history.

April 26 is National Pretzel Day. Crunchy and soft pretzels were known for centuries and were involved in different ceremonies.

World Intellectual Property Day is an annual observance held on April 26. It was established by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) in 2000 and is considered one of the United Nations official observances.

This Day in History

  • 2005 Syrian occupation of Lebanon ended, when Syria withdrew the last of its 14,000 troop military garrison under international pressure. The military occupation of Lebanon lasted for 29 days.
  • 2003 Died: Edward Max Nicholson, Irish environmentalist, best known as the co-founder the World Wide Fund for Nature.
  • 1994 Died: Mas Oyama, Japanese martial artist, founder of Kyokushin kaikan. Kyokushin is known as one of the hardest styles of karate.
  • 1994 China Airlines Flight 140 crashed at Nagoya Airport in Japan. 264 of the 271 people on board died. The aircraft crashed before landing due to the actions of the First Officer, who inadvertently pressed the Takeoff/Go-around button raising the throttle position to the same as take offs or go-arounds.
  • 1989 The deadliest tornado in world history stroke Central Bangladesh. Up to 1,300 were killed, 12,000 injured and estimated 80,000 left homeless.
  • 1986 A nuclear accident occurred at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant in modern Ukraine (then the Soviet Union), creating the world's worst nuclear disaster.
  • 1984 Died: Count Basie, American pianist, composer, and bandleader. He led his group for almost 50 years, many musicians came to prominence under his direction.
  • 1980 Born: Channing Tatum, American actor and producer, best remembered for films A Guide to Recognizing Your Saints, Stop-Loss, G.I. Joe: The Rise of Cobra, 21 Jump Street.
  • 1977 Born: Tom Welling, American actor, director, and producer, best known for role as Clark Kent/Superman in the series Smallville.
  • 1969 Died: Morihei Ueshiba, Japanese martial artist, founder of aikido. Ueshiba is often referred to as the Great Teacher.
  • 1966 Tashkent, the capital of Uzbekistan, was destroyed by an earthquake of magnitude 7.5. More that 300,000 were left homeless.
  • 1965 A Rolling Stones concert in London, Ontario was shut down by police after 15 minutes due to rioting.
  • 1964 Died: Edwin John Dove Pratt, published as E. J. Pratt, Canadian poet. Pratt is considered as the leading Canadian poet of his time.
  • 1962 NASA's Ranger 4 spacecraft, designed to transmit pictures of the lunar surface, crashed into the Moon.
  • 1957 Died: Gichin Funakoshi, Japanese martial artist, founder of Shotokan Karate-Do. This is the most widely known style of karate. Funakoshi is often called as the father of modern karate.
  • 1942 1549 Chinese miners died in Benxihu Colliery due to gas and coal-dust explosion. The miners were not evacuated, when the Japanese shut off the ventilation and sealed the pit head. People were left to suffocate in the smoke.
  • 1940 Died: Carl Bosch, German chemist, Nobel Prize laureate for the introduction of high pressure chemistry.
  • 1933 Born: Arno Allan Penzias, German-American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate in Physics for co-discovery of the cosmic microwave background radiation. This discovery helped establishing the Big Bang theory of cosmology.
  • 1933 The official secret police force of Nazi Germany, the Gestapo, was established.
  • 1932 Born: Michael Smith, English-Canadian chemist, Nobel Prize laureate for developing site-directed mutagenesis.
  • 1920 Died: Srinivasa Ramanujan, Indian mathematician, said to be one of the natural genius in the same league as mathematicians such as Euler and Gauss. Ramanujan almost had no formal training in pure mathematics, but he made extraordinary contributions to mathematical analysis, number theory, infinite series, and continued fractions.
  • 1910 Died: Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson, Norwegian author. He received Nobel Prize as a tribute to his noble, magnificent and versatile poetry, which has always been distinguished by both the freshness of its inspiration and the rare purity of its spirit. Nowadays Bjørnson is considered one the four greatest Norwegian authors.
  • 1900 Born: Charles Francis Richter, American seismologist and physicist, famous as the creator of the Richter magnitude scale, that quantifies the size of earthquakes.
  • 1894 Born: Rudolf Hess, Egyptian-German politician in Nazi Germany, Deputy Führer to Adolf Hitler in 1933. He was one of the major criminals against peace during the World War II, served a life sentence.
  • 1803 Thousands of meteor fragments fell from the skied on L'Aigle, France, convincing European science that meteors exist.
  • 1798 Born: Eugène Delacroix, French painter of the Romantic period and the leader of the French Romantic school. Delacroix illustrated works of William Shakespeare, Walter Scott and Johann Wolfgang von Goethe.
  • 1765 Born: Emma, Lady Hamilton, mistress of Lord Nelson and the muse of George Romney. Beauty and love to intrigues made Lady Hamilton a European celebrity till the end of the 18th century.
  • 1717 Died: Samuel Bellamy, English pirate, the wealthiest pirate in recorded history. His career as a pirate captain lasted for less than a year, but he captured at least 53 ships. He is known for his mercy and generosity towards the captured in his raids and earned a nickname Prince of Pirates.
  • 1575 Born: Marie de' Medici, Queen of France as the second wife of King Henry IV of France. Medici was noted for her ceaseless political intrigues at the French court and extensive artistic patronage.
  • 1564 Born: William Shakespeare, English poet, playwright and actor, widely regarded as the greatest writer in the English language. During his life he wrote 154 sonnets, 38 plays, 2 long narrative poems, few other verses. The exact date of birth is unknown, that is why the date of his baptism is taken for birth.