Holidays Calendar for September 8, 2016

Victory Day is a national holiday in Pakistan, that has a great importance for the nation. This holiday celebrates victory of the Pakistan Navy in Operation Dwarka during the Indo-Pakistan War.

People of Andorra annually celebrate National Day on September 8. This holiday is established to honor of Our Lady of Meritxell, the patron saint of Andorra.

People of the Republic of Macedonia celebrate their Independence Day on September 8. This holiday was established to celebrate the day, when Macedonia gained independence from Yugoslavia in 1991.

September 8 is a national holiday in Malta. This day is locally known as il-Vitorja, that in English means Victory Day.

Nativity of Mary is the feast, that refers to the traditional birthday of Saint Mary. Although the exact day and date of her birth is unknown, it's traditionally celebrated on September 8, that is nine months after the solemnity of her Immaculate Conception.

World Physical Therapy Day (or World Physiotherapy Day) is observed every year on September 8. This day provides physiotherapists an opportunity to raise people's awareness about the crucial contribution, that they make to keep people healthy, independent and well.

Financier's Day is a Russian professional day of those people, who work in the financial sphere. This day is annually observed by financiers on September 8.

Day of the Battle of Borodino is one of the Days of Military Honor in the Russian Federation. This day commemorates the major engagement, that was fought on September 7 during the Napoleonic Wars.

The National Date Nut Bread Day is a food day celebrated on December 22 or September 8. Date nut bread, also known as date and walnut loaf, is a traditional British cake originating in Scotland. It is a hearty bread which is usually served with no condiments.

It's estimated, that about 775 million adults and 60.7 million children around the world lack literacy skills. The UN observance International Literacy Day, that annually falls on September 8, is aimed to highlight the importance of literacy to individuals, communities and societies.

This Day in History

  • 2009 Died: Aage Bohr, Danish physicist, the son of famous physicist Niels Bohr. In 1975 he was awarded Nobel Prize in Physics for the discovery of the connection between collective motion and particle motion in atomic nuclei and the development of the theory of the structure of the atomic nucleus based on this connection.
  • 2003 Died: Leni Riefenstahl, German film director, producer, screenwriter. She is widely known for directing the Nazi propaganda film Triumph of the Will. Her association with Adolph Hitler destroyed her film career after the end of World War II.
  • 1994 USAir Flight 427 suddenly crashed in clear waters on approach to Pittsburgh International Airport. All 132 people aboard were killed. The investigation of this crash became the most expensive aviation investigation in wold history and brought changes to manufacturing practices in the industry.
  • 1989 Born: Tim Bergling, better known by his stage name Avicii, Swedish DJ, remixer. He is most famous for songs I Could Be the One, Wake Me Up, You Make Me, Hey Brother, Addicted to You etc.
  • 1988 Yellowstone National Park was closed for the first time since it's opening. The reason was the ongoing fires, that formed together the largest wildfire in the history of the park. The wildfires affected 36% of the territory of the park.
  • 1985 Died: John Franklin Enders, American virologist and academic, often called the father of modern vaccines. In 1954 he was awarded Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for discovery of the ability of polioviruses to grow in cultures of various types of tissue.
  • 1981 Died: Hideki Yukawa, Japanese theoretical physicist, Nobel Prize laureate for prediction of the existence of mesons on the basis of theoretical work on nuclear forces.
  • 1980 Died: Willard Libby, American chemist and academic, noted for his role in development of radiocarbon dating that revolutionized archeology. This work brought him the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1960.
  • 1979 Born: Alecia Beth Moore, better known by her stage name Pink, American singer, songwriter and actress. She gained recognition with Moulin Rouge! soundtrack Lady Marmalade, that brought her first Grammy Award and number-one single on the Billboard Hot 100.
  • 1971 Born: Martin Freeman, English actor, best known for portraying Tim Canterbury in sitcom The Office and Dr. John Watson in the British crime drama Sherlock; winner of an Emmy Award, BAFTA Award and an Empire Award.
  • 1970 Died: Percy Spencer, American engineer and inventor, best known for invention of the microwave oven.
  • 1966 The first Star Trek series premiered on NBC and ran for three seasons. The series were followed by Star Trek: The Animated Series and Star Trek: The Next Generation, Star Trek: Deep Space Nine, Star Trek: Voyager, and Star Trek: Enterprise.
  • 1951 48 nations signed the Treaty of San Francisco, a peace treaty with Japan, in formal recognition of the end of the Pacific War.
  • 1949 Died: Richard Strauss, German composer of the late Romantic and early modern eras. He is best known for operas, including Der Rosenkavalier and Salome and tone poems, like Don Juan, Death and Transfiguration and Till Eulenspiegel's Merry Pranks.
  • 1944 Nazi Germany started use of V-2 rockets, called Vergeltungswaffe 2, or Retribution Weapon 2, the world's first long-range guided ballistic missile. The missiles were launched at Paris and caused modest damage, two more launches followed against London, but they were not effective.
  • 1934 A fire broke out aboard the passenger liner SS Morro Castle, when it was off the New Jersey coast. 135 people on board were killed.
  • 1922 Died: Léon Bonnat, French painter, best known for the vivid portraits of contemporary celebrities.
  • 1919 Born: Maria Lassnig, Austrian artist, known for her painted self-portraits and theory of body awareness. She became the first female to receive Grand Austrian State Prize and was awarded the Austrian Decoration for Science and Art.
  • 1918 Born: Derek Barton, English organic chemist. In 1969 he shared the Nobel Prize for contributions to the development of the concept of conformation and its application in chemistry.
  • 1900 About 8,000 people were killed by a powerful hurricane that hit Galveston, Texas, USA. This hurricane is still the deadliest one in the history of the USA.
  • 1895 Died: Adam Opel, German businessman, known as the founder of the German automobile company Adam Opel AG.
  • 1894 Died: Hermann von Helmholtz, German physician and physicist, known for significant contributions to several areas of modern science. In physiology he is primarily known for theories of vision, ideas of visual perception of space and color vision research.
  • 1883 The Northern Pacific Railway was completed in a ceremony at Gold Creek, Montana. The final "golden spike" was driven in by President Ulysses S. Grant.
  • 1841 Born: Antonín Dvořák, Czech composer, known as one of the fathers of national school of music in the present-day Czech Republic. He is best known for opera Rusalka and orchestral pieces Slavonic Dances.
  • 1830 Born: Frédéric Mistral, French writer and lexicographer, Nobel Prize laureate. He was awarded the Prize in 1904 in recognition of the fresh originality and true inspiration of his poetic production, which faithfully reflects the natural scenery and native spirit of his people. His most important work was Mirèio (Mireille), that he was writing for 8 years.
  • 1781 The last major battle of the American Revolutionary War, the Battle of Eutaw Springs, ended in a narrow British tactical victory, but strategical loss. The British abandoned most of their conquests in the South leaving them in control of a small number of isolated enclaves at Wilmington, Charleston, and Savannah.
  • 1742 Born: Ozias Humphry, English painter. He was a leading figure in painting of portrait miniatures, oils and pastels in the 18th century. In 1792 he was appointed Portrait Painter in Crayons to the King and most of the portraits of the Royal Family are still in the Royal Collection.
  • 1655 Charles X Gustav of Sweden captured Warsaw with almost no resistance to a small force. This was the first time that the city was captured by the foreign army.
  • 1588 Born: Marin Mersenne, French philosopher, mathematician and music theorist, often called as the father of acoustics. He was the center of the world of science during the first half of the 1600s.
  • 1157 Born: Richard I, King of England fro 1189 till his death in 1199. He is known as Richard the Lionheart because of his reputation as a great military leader and warrior.