Holidays Calendar for September 29, 2016

Battle of Boquerón Day, also known as Victory at Boquerón Day (Victoria de Boquerón), is a Paraguayan public holiday celebrated on September 29. It commemorates one the most important battles of the Chaco War.

World Heart Day is an annual global observance organized by World Heart Federation. It used to be held on the last Sunday in September, but in 2011 the observance got a fixed date, September 29. World Heart Day aims at raising awareness of cardiovascular disease (CVD).

International Coffee Day, sometimes referred to simply as Coffee Day, is an unofficial annual holiday observed in some countries on September 29. It celebrates one of the world's most popular beverages and promotes fair trade coffee.

Some countries have set aside a special day to recognize the achievements and contributions of inventors and innovators. The date of Inventors' Day varies from country to country. For example, in Argentine it is celebrated on September 29 to honor László Bíró who invented the modern ballpoint pen.

September 29 is the favorite day of the year for many coffee maniacs in the United States because two holidays dedicated to coffee are celebrated on this day. They are International Coffee Day and National Mocha Day.

World Maritime Day is an annual United Nations observance organized by the International Maritime Organization (IMO). It is celebrated during the last week of September, the exact date is appointed each year.


This Day in History

  • 2013 Over 42 students and teachers were killed by members of Boko Haram in the College of Agriculture in Gujba, Nigeria. The members of Boko Haram entered the college at 1 a.m. local time and opened fire on the sleeping students.
  • 2010 Died: Tony Curtis, American actor, whose career spanned for about 6 decades. He enjoyed the peak of his popularity during the 1950s and early 1960s. He starred in Sweet Smell of Success, Tarzan in Manhattan, The Count of Monte Cristo, The Defiant Ones etc.
  • 2008 The Dow Jones Industrial Average fell 777.68 points after the bankruptcies of Lehman Brothers (financial services firm) and Washington Mutual (savings bank holding company). This was the largest single-day point loss in its history.
  • 2007 The world's first commercial nuclear power station Calder Hall was demolished in a controlled explosion. Calder Hall is now being decommissioned.
  • 2006 Gol Transportes Aéreos Flight 1907 collided in mid-air with an Embraer Legacy 600 business jet near Peixoto de Azevedo, Mato Grosso, Brazil. 154 people were killed. The event triggered a Brazilian aviation crisis, characterized by a number of flights delays or cancellation and air traffic controller strikes.
  • 1988 Died: Charles Addams, American cartoonist, known for his darkly humorous and macabre characters of The Addams Family. His characters became the basis for spin-offs in several other forms of media.
  • 1987 Died: Henry Ford II, American entrepreneur, oldest grandson of Henry Ford. He was president, chairman and chief executive officer of the Ford Motor Company, making it a publicly traded corporation.
  • 1960 A meeting of the United Nations General Assembly was disrupted by Nikita Khrushchev, leader of the Soviet Union, with a number of angry outburst.
  • 1957 Twenty MCi of radioactive material was released in an explosion at the Soviet Mayak nuclear plant at Chelyabinsk.
  • 1943 Born: Lech Wałęsa, Polish politician and activist, the 2nd President of Poland from 1990 to 1995. In 1983 he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his contribution to ensure worker's right to establish their own organizations.
  • 1938 Leaders of France, Italy and Great Britain permitted Germany to seize the territory of Sudetenland, Czechoslovakia. Permission was stated in the Munich Agreement, where the meeting took place. The leaders of Czechoslovakia and the Soviet Union didn't attend the meeting.
  • 1936 Born: Silvio Berlusconi, Italian politician and businessman, Prime Minister of Italy serving three terms. He is ranked as one of the most richest people in the world and one of the most powerful people in Italian politics.
  • 1931 Born: James Cronin, American physicist, known for works on nuclear reactions. In 1964 he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics for discovery of Charge Parity violation.
  • 1927 Died: Willem Einthoven, Dutch doctor and physiologists, remembered for invention of the first practical electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG). This work brought him the Nobel Prize in Medicine in 1924.
  • 1925 Died: Léon Bourgeois, French statesman, Prime Minister of France from November 1, 1895 to April 29, 1896. He promoted progressive taxation, social insurance schemes and expanded educational opportunities. After the end of World War I he became President of the League of Nations and won Nobel Peace Prize for his work in 1920.
  • 1920 Born: Peter D. Mitchell, British biochemist, Nobel Prize in Chemistry laureate for discovery of the chemiosmotic mechanist of ATP synthesis in 1978.
  • 1913 Died: Rudolf Diesel, German inventor and engineer, famous for invention of the diesel engine.
  • 1912 Born: Michelangelo Antonioni, Italian film director, screenwriter, best known for the films L'Avventura, La Notte and L'Eclisse. He received numerous awards during lifetime, including the Cannes Film Festival Jury Prize, Golden Lion and honorary Academy Award.
  • 1911 Italy declared war on the Ottoman Empire. The war was fought till October 18, 1912, Italy captured the Ottoman Tripolitania Vilayet province, establishing there Italian Libya.
  • 1908 Died: Machado de Assis, Brazilian writer, widely regarded as the greatest writer of Brazilian literature. Although de Assis was multilingual, he never gained widespread popularity outside Brazil.
  • 1902 Died: Émile Zola, French writer, known practitioner of the literary school of naturalism and important contributor to the development of theatrical naturalism. He was a very influential politician in France and the peak of his career became the newspaper headline J'accuse.
  • 1901 Born: Enrico Fermi, Italian physicist, best known for his work on Chicago Pile-1 nuclear reactor and contributions to the development of quantum theory, nuclear and particle physics. In 1938 he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics for his work on induced radioactivity by neutron bombardment and the discovery of transuranic elements.
  • 1885 The first practical electric tramway in the world opened in Blackpool, England.
  • 1862 Died: William "Bull" Nelson, American general, one of the most prominent Major Generals in the American Civil War. He was known for the confidence in his troops, but his men never loved him for his harsh ways of command. This trait caused a fellow general officer Jefferson C. Davis to kill unarmed Nelson, that overshadowed the contributions of both men made to the Union in the war.
  • 1786 Born: Guadalupe Victoria, Mexican general and politician, leader of independence movement in Mexico. He became the first President of Mexico, during the term he established diplomatic relations with the United Kingdom, the USA, the Federal Republic of Central America, Gran Colombia. He also abolished slavery in Mexico and ratified the border with the USA.
  • 1758 Born: Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson, British admiral, prominent leader, noted for his grasp of strategy and tactics, that resulted in number of naval victories during the Napoleonic Wars.
  • 1717 A massive earthquake stroke Antigua Guatemala, the capital of the Kingdom of Guatemala. When much of the city was destroyed, authorities moved the capital to León.
  • 1571 Born: Caravaggio, Italian painter, whose paintings combined realistic observation of the human state, physical, emotional and dramatic use of lighting. His best known masterpieces are Martyrdom of Saint Matthew, Calling of Saint Matthew, Boy with a Basket of Fruit, Supper at Emmaus etc.
  • 1560 Died: Gustav I, King of Sweden from 1523 till his death. His election as a king marked the end of Medieval Sweden's elective monarchy and birth of hereditary monarchy under the House of Vasa and his successors.
  • 1547 Born: Miguel de Cervantes, Spanish novelist, poet and playwright, best known for hos novel Don Quixote, that is considered to be the first modern European novel and one of the best fiction works ever written.