Holidays Calendar for September 27, 2016

Meskel is a religious feast, that is celebrated in Ethiopia and Eritrea. The feast falls on the 17 Meskerem in the Ethiopian calendar, that is September 27 or 28 according to the Gregorian calendar.

The Elevation of the Holy Cross, also referred to as the Exaltation of the Holy Cross, is one of the twelve Great Feasts celebrated by the Orthodox Church. It is observed on September 14 in the Julian calendar, which corresponds to September 27 in the Gregorian calendar.

Day of Preschool Employees is a Russian professional holiday celebrated on September 27. Although it has not been officially established by a presidential decree, the observance is supported by the Ministry of Education of the Russian Federation.

Day of the Polish Underground State is an annual commemorative day observed in Poland on September 27. It celebrates the creation of Poland's first underground organization during the Second World War.

In Belgium, there are three constituent constitutional linguistic communities. Each of these communities has its own parliament, government, administration, flag, capital, and public holiday. For example, French Community Day (Fête de la Communauté française) is celebrated on September 27.

On September 27, Mexicans celebrate the end of the Mexican War of Independence. It is a civic holiday, which means it is observed nationwide, but employees are not given a paid day off.

In the United States, September 27 is the National Corned Beef Hash Day. This food related holiday is dedicated to a well-known dish that became especially popular in some countries during and after the Second World War and has recently made a comeback.

World Tourism Day is an annual global observance that was established by the General Assembly of the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) in 1979. Events organized on the occasion aim at highlighting the cultural, social, political and economic value of tourism.

This Day in History

  • 2014 Died: Gaby Aghion (née Hanoka), French fashion designer, the founder of Chloé. She is credited with coining the term "prêt-à-porter".
  • 2012 Little, Brown and Company published The Casual Vacancy by J. K. Rowling. It was Rowling's first publication apart from the Harry Potter series.
  • 2005 The final episode of the Tom and Jerry series, The Karate Guard, was released in Los Angeles cinemas. It aired on TV on January 27, 2006.
  • 2001 A mass shooting took place at Accent Signage Systems in Minneapolis, Minnesota. The perpetrator killed 6 people and committed suicide.
  • 1993 The Sukhumi massacre took place at the end of the War in Abkhazia. Abkhaz separatists executed the members of Georgian administration.
  • 1991 Died: Oona O'Neill, American actress, the fourth and last wife of famous English actor and fillmmaker Charlie Chaplin. They were together for 18 years.
  • 1986 Died: Cliff Burton, American musician and songwriter, best known as the bass guitarist for the band Metallica. He was killed in a bus accident.
  • 1984 Born: Avril Lavigne, Canadian singer-songwriter. Her debut album Let Go made her the youngest female soloist to reach number 1 in the UK.
  • 1982 Born: Lil Wayne (stage name of Dwayne Michael Carter, Jr.), American rapper, songwriter, and entrepreneur who began his career at age 14.
  • 1972 Born: Gwyneth Paltrow, American actress, singer, author, and entrepreneur. She rose to fame due to her role in the 1998 film Shakespeare in Love.
  • 1965 Died: Clara Bow, American actress, who was a famous silent film star during the 1920s. She was the leading sex symbol of the Roaring Twenties.
  • 1960 Died: Sylvia Pankhurst, English political activist and author. She supported the suffragette movement and was a prominent left communist.
  • 1958 Born: Irvine Welsh, Scottish novelist, short story writer, and dramatist best known for his debut novel Trainspotting, which was first released in 1993.
  • 1954 Born: Larry Wall, American computer programmer and author, most widely known for developing the Perl programming language in 1987.
  • 1947 Born: Meat Loaf (stage name of Michael Lee Aday, born Marvin Lee Aday), renowned American musician, singer-songwriter, record producer, and actor.
  • 1940 Germany, Italy and Japan signed the Tripartite Pact, also known as the Berlin Pact, creating a defensive military alliance during World War II.
  • 1940 Died: Julius Wagner-Jauregg, Austrian physician who won the 1927 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. He was notorious for supporting Nazis.
  • 1937 The Bali tiger was declared extinct, when the last specimen definitely recorded was shot. It became extinct because of habitat loss and hunting.
  • 1925 Born: Robert Edwards, English physiologist who won the 2010 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for the development of in vitro fertilization.
  • 1918 Born: Martin Ryle, English radio astronomer who was awarded the 1974 Nobel Prize in Physics for his pioneering research in radio astrophysics.
  • 1917 Died: Edgar Degas, French artist famous for his paintings, drawings, prints, and sculptures. He is regarded as one of the founders of Impressionism.
  • 1915 Died: Remy de Gourmont, French Symbolist poet, novelist, and critic. His best known works include Litanies de la Rose and Hieroglyphes.
  • 1876 Died: Braxton Bragg, career United States Army officer, and then a general in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War.
  • 1871 Born: Grazia Deledda, Italian novelist who won the 1926 Nobel Prize for Literature, becoming the first Italian woman to receive this honor.
  • 1854 The paddle steamer SS Arctic collided with SS Vesta, 50 miles (80 km) off the coast of Newfoundland. It sank with 300 people on board.
  • 1777 The city of Lancaster, Pennsylvania became the capital of the United States for one day, when the Continental Congress fled Philadelphia.
  • 1605 The Battle of Kircholm was fought during the Polish–Swedish War. It lasted for 20 minutes and resulted in a decisive Polish-Lithuanian victory.
  • 1601 Born: Louis XIII of France, monarch of the House of Bourbon who ruled as King of France from 1610 to 1643 and King of Navarre from 1610 to 1620.
  • 1590 Died: Pope Urban VII (born Giovanni Battista Castagna) Pope from 15 to 27 September 1590. His 12-day papacy was the shortest in history.
  • 1540 The Society of Jesus founded by Ignatius of Loyola received its charter from Pope Paul III. The number of its members was limited to sixty.