Holidays Calendar for September 13, 2016

Every year engineers of Mauritius celebrate Engineer's Day on September 13. This professional holiday is usually accompanied by Engineer's Dinner.

Many people around the world enjoy books by Roald Dahl, a British novelist, poet and short story writer. He has written many famous children's books, that were adopted to films. His birthday on September 13 mark celebration of Roald Dahl Day.

Día de los Niños Héroes (Boy Heroes Day) is a very important memorial day in Mexico. This day falls on September 13 and the Mexicans honor six teenage cadets, who died defending Chapultepec Castle from invading U.S. forces.

On September 13, the National Peanut Day is celebrated. Despite the name, the peanut isn’t really a nut in a botanical sense.

International Chocolate Day is an unofficial holiday, dedicated to the sweetest and tastiest dainty in the world – chocolate. This day is celebrated on September 13, since it's birthday of Milton S. Hershey, an American confectioner and founder of worldwide known company The Hershey Chocolate Company.

This Day in History

  • 2009 Died: Paul Burke, American actor, best remembered for lead roles in ABC television series Naked City and Twelve O'Clock High. He retired from acting career after acquisition of charges for aiding and abetting a gambling operation by returning gambling records to an arrested gambler.
  • 2008 Delhi, the capital of India, was hit by a series of bomb blasts. At least 30 people were killed and over 100 injured. The responsibility for the blasts was taken by the Islamist Indian Mujahideen terrorist group.
  • 2006 Fascinated by the 9/11 terrorist attacks on the USA and the 1999 Columbine High School massacre in Colorado, Kimveer Gill started shooting at Dawson College in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. He killed one student and wounded 19 others before committing suicide.
  • 2004 Died: Luis E. Miramontes, Mexican chemist, remembered for contributions to organic chemistry and co-invention of the progestin norethindrone, that was used in one of the first three oral contraceptives.
  • 2002 Died: George Stanley, Canadian historian, author, soldier. Canadians know him as the designer of the current Canadian flag.
  • 2001 Civilian aircraft traffic resumed in the United States after the September 11 attacks.
  • 1996 Died: Tupac Shakur, better known by stage name 2Pac, American rapper, songwriter and actor, one of the best-selling music artists of all time. He died after multiple shots in a drive-by shooting in Las Vegas.
  • 1987 A radioactive object was stolen from an abandoned hospital in Goiânia, Brazil. The object contaminated many people during the following weeks and caused some to die from radiation poisoning.
  • 1985 Super Mario Bros. was released for the first time in Japan for the Nintendo Entertainment System. The game enjoyed a great success, that eventually led to creation of a whole series of platforming games.
  • 1961 Born: Dave Mustaine, American musician, remembered as an original lead guitarist of heavy metal band Metallica. He is also the co-founder, rhythm, lead guitarist and singer of trash metal band Megadeath.
  • 1956 The IBM 305 RAMAC, the first commercial computer to use a moving-head hard disk drive storage, was publicly introduced. It also became the last vacuum tube computer that IBM built.
  • 1953 Died: Mary Brewster Hazelton, American portrait painter, the first woman to win an award open to both men and women. Her portrait paintings are now in the collections of the Massachusetts State House, Harvard University, Peabody Essex Museum.
  • 1949 Died: August Krogh, Danish professor, remembered for fundamental discoveries within several fields of physiology and famous for development of the Krogh Principle. In 1920 he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for discovery of the mechanism of regulation of the capillaries in skeletal muscle.
  • 1944 Born: Jacqueline Bisset, English actress, receiver of one of the France's highest honors, the Légion d'honneur. She is known for roles in films The Sweet Ride, Day for Night, Murder on the Orient Express, Who Is Killing the Great Chefs of Europe?.
  • 1941 Died: Elias Disney, father Roy Disney and Walt Disney, the co-founders of Walt Disney Productions.
  • 1940 Born: Óscar Arias, Costa Rican politician, President of Costa Rica from 1986 to 1990 and from 2006 to 2010. In 1987 he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for efforts to end the Central American crisis.
  • 1937 Born: Don Bluth, American animator, director and producer. He is well known for directing animated films The Secret of NIMH, The Land Before Time, All Dogs Go to Heaven and Anastasia. Bluth is also a co-founder of Sullivan Bluth Studios and Fox Animation Studios.
  • 1923 Spanish military officer Miguel Primo de Rivera took over the administration of Spain after the military coup. He set up a dictatorship, believing, that governing without politicians could restore nation. He resigned from the office in January 1930.
  • 1922 Born: Yma Sumac, Peruvian soprano, one of the most famous proponents of exotica music during the 1950s. She gained international success for her extreme vocal range, that was well over five octaves.
  • 1922 The great fire commenced in the Turkish port city of Smyrna (present-day İzmir). The fire lasted till September 22 and destroyed much of the city. Estimated deaths resulting from the fire range from 10,000 to 100,000.
  • 1921 The Battle of Sakarya, one of the important engagements between Greece and Turkey during the Greco-Turkish War and Turkish War of Independence, ended. The Turkish army under Kemal Atatürk defeated the Greek army led by Anastasios Papoulas.
  • 1912 Died: Joseph Furphy, Australian writer, often regarded as the Father of the Australian novel. He published most of his books under pseudonym Tom Collins and best known for novel Such Is Life, that is regarded as an Australian classic.
  • 1898 Hannibal Goodwin obtained a patent for celluloid photographic film, moving the progress of the art of photography forward.
  • 1894 Born: Julian Tuwim, Polish poet of Jewish descent, co-founder of Polish group of experimental poets Skamander. He is admired in Poland for contributions to children's literature.
  • 1894 Born: J. B. Priestley, English novelist, playwright and broadcaster, best known for his fiction The Good Companions.
  • 1887 Born: Leopold Ružička, Croatian biochemist, receiver of eight honoris causa doctorates in science, medicine, and law, seven prizes and medals, twenty-four honorary memberships in chemical, biochemical, and other scientific societies. In 1939 he was awarded Nobel Prize in Chemistry for indemnification of the sex hormones.
  • 1872 Died: Ludwig Feuerbach, German philosopher and anthropologist, best remembered for his book The Essence of Christianity. This book provided a critique of Christianity and strongly influenced the generations of later thinkers, including Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels.
  • 1862 Union soldiers found a lost copy of Robert E. Lee's battle plans in a field outside Frederick, Maryland. The found information significantly affected the outcome of the Maryland Campaign during the Civil War.
  • 1857 Born: Milton S. Hershey, American confectioner, known as founder of The Hershey Chocolate Company, that is nowadays the world's largest chocolate manufacturing company.
  • 1766 Born: Samuel Wilson, American maet-packer. He is mostly known only for his name, that became the source of the personification of the U.S. Uncle Sam.
  • 1592 Died: Michel de Montaigne, French philosopher, one of the most influential figures of the French Renaissance. His massive volume Essais contains some of the most influential essays ever written. His work directly influenced René Descartes, Blaise Pascal, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Friedrich Nietzsche, Stefan Zweig, Isaac Asimov.