Holidays Calendar for May 31, 2016

Brunei annually observes Royal Brunei Armed Forces Day on May 31. This is a public holiday, that celebrates the establishment of the Brunei Malay Regiment in 1961.

The Republic of Kazakhstan annually observes Remembrance Day of the Victims of Political Repressions and Famine of May 31. This is an official working memorial day.

May 31 is National Macaroon Day. The small unleavened cakes with crispy crust and soft and chewy center are considered as the best French dessert ever.

World No Tobacco Day is annually observed on May 31 by many countries around the world. This observance was created by World Health Organization in 1987. During the years the celebration of this day is met both with enthusiasm and resistance.

This Day in History

  • 2010 Died: Louise Bourgeois, French-American sculptor and painter, an influential figure in modern and contemporary art. She is best known for her large spider sculptures, due to that she is nicknamed the Spiderwoman.
  • 2006 Died: Raymond Davis, Jr., American physicist and chemist, Nobel Prize laureate for detection of cosmic neutrinos.
  • 1996 Died: Timothy Leary, American psychologist and author, known as the advocate of psychedelic drugs. He conducted many experiments regarded the drug psilocybin and believed that LSD showed therapeutic potential for use in psychiatry.
  • 1986 Died: James Rainwater, American physicist, Nobel Prize for Physics laureate for determination of the asymmetrical shapes of certain atomic nuclei.
  • 1982 Died: Carlo Mauri, Italian mountaineer and explorer, the participant of many expeditions. He made several documentary films of his travels, that became very popular.
  • 1976 Died: Jacques Monod, French biologist and geneticist, Nobel Prize laureate for discoveries concerning genetic control of enzyme and virus synthesis.
  • 1976 Born: Colin Farrell, Irish actor, best known for roles in S.W.A.T., Intermission, In Bruges, Horrible Bosses.
  • 1973 The United States Senate voted to cut off funding for the bombing of Khmer Rouge targets within Cambodia. This decision hastened the end of the Cambodian Civil War.
  • 1970 More that 47,000 people were killed, when the Ancash earthquake, that occurred off the coast of Peru in the Pacific Ocean, caused a landslide of the town of Yungay.
  • 1965 Born: Brooke Shields, American model, actress, and producer. She gained critical acclaim for leading role in Pretty Baby at the age of 16.
  • 1942 The Imperial Japanese Navy midget submarines began a series of attacks on Sydney in the course of World War II.
  • 1941 Born: Louis Ignarro, American pharmacologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate for demonstration of the signaling properties of nitric oxide.
  • 1935 40,000 people were killed, when the city of Quetta, Pakistan, was destroyed by a 7.7 magnitude scale earthquake.
  • 1931 Born: John Robert Schrieffer, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate for developing the BCS theory, the first successful microscopic theory of superconductivity.
  • 1930 Born: Clint Eastwood, American actor, director, producer, and politician. He rose to fame with the role as the Man with No Name in Dollars trilogy and as antihero cop Harry Callahan in the five Dirty Harry films. Eastwood won two Academy Awards for Best Director and Producer and received numerous nominations for Best Actor.
  • 1929 The first talking Mickey Mouse cartoon The Karnival Kid was released.
  • 1916 The Battle of Jutland, the largest naval battle of World War I: the British Grand Fleet under the command of John Jellicoe, 1st Earl Jellicoe and David Beatty, 1st Earl Beatty engaged the Imperial German Navy under the command of Reinhard Scheer and Franz von Hipper.
  • 1911 Born: Maurice Allais, French economist, Nobel Prize laureate for pioneering contributions to the theory of markets and efficient utilization of resources.
  • 1909 The National Negro Committee convened for the first time to discuss African American civil rights. The committee became the forerunner of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People.
  • 1887 Born: Saint-John Perse, French poet and diplomat, Nobel Prize for Literature laureate for the soaring flight and evocative imagery of his poetry. He served as a major French diplomat from 1914 to 1940.
  • 1879 Gilmores Garden in New York was renamed Madison Square Garden and opened to the public at 26th Street and Madison Avenue.
  • 1873 Died: Joseph Grimaldi, English comedian and dancer, the entertainer of the Regency era. He expanded the role of the clown in the British harlequinade and designed a whiteface make-up, that became used by other clowns.
  • 1859 The clock tower at the House of Parliament, housing Big Ben, start keeping time.
  • 1852 Born: Julius Richard Petri, German microbiologist, best known as the inventor for the Petri dish, a shallow cylindrical glass of plastic lidded dish used to culture cells or small mosses.
  • 1819 Born: Walt Whitman, American poet and author, one of the most influential American poets. He is best known for collection of poetry Leaves of Grass, that at his times was descried as obscene for its overt sexuality.
  • 1809 Died: Joseph Haydn, Austrian composer of the Classical period. He became a main figure in the development of chamber music such as the piano trio. His work Gott erhalte Franz den Kaiser (a part of the Emperor's Hymn) became the national anthem of Germany (with different words).
  • 1683 Born: Jean-Pierre Christin, French physicist, mathematician, and astronomer, whose proposal to reverse the Celsius thermometer scale was widely accepted and is still in use today. He is often credited with the invention of the Celsius thermometer.
  • 1594 Died: Tintoretto, born Jacopo Comin, Italian painter, a notable exponent of the Renaissance school. He was the author of such masterpieces as The Last Supper, Paradise, Miracle of the Slave.
  • 1578 King Henry III laid the first stone of the Pont Neuf, the oldest bridge in Paris, France.
  • 1567 Died: Guido de Bres, Belgian pastor and theologian. He compiled and published the Belgic Confession, a doctrinal standard document, that is still used today in Belgium, the Netherlands and by many Reformed Churches all over the world.