Holidays Calendar for September 20, 2013

Rosh Hashanah is the Jewish New Year celebrated on the first and second day of Tishrei, the first month of the civil year in the Hebrew calendar. It usually falls occurs in September or October in terms of the Georgian calendar.


Belarusian customs officers have their own professional day – Customs Officer's Day. This day is observed annually on September 20.

Oil Industry Worker's Day is one of the professional days in Azerbaijan. This day was established by the fourth President of the Republic of Azerbaijan Ilham Aliyev in 2001. This day is observed by the workers of oil industry of Azerbaijan every year on September 20.

Entrepreneur's Day is a professional day of all entrepreneurs of the Kyrgyz Republic. This observance was established in 2000 and it annually falls on September 20.

Clean Up the World is a global campaign that is annually held on the third weekend in September. The campaign lasts for three days, starting on Friday, and it involves an estimated 35 million people in 130 countries around the world.


Sree Narayana Guru Memorial Day (Sree Narayana Guru Samadhi) is an annual remembrance day observed in the Indian state of Kerala on September 20. It honors a famous Indian social reformer and spiritual leader who fought against the caste system.

National POW/MIA Recognition Day is an observance that honors whose who were prisoners of war (POW) as well as those who are still missing in action (MIA). It is observed in the United States on the third Friday in September.


The National Punch Day (also referred to as the National Rum Punch Day) is celebrated on September 20. The term “punch” referrers to a wide assortment of drinks, which are typically served at the parties.

People of Thailand annually celebrate National Youth Day on September 20. This national holiday commemorates the birthdays of two Kings of Thailand – Chulalongkorn and Ananda Mahidol.

Universal Children’s Day is officially celebrated in Germany on September 20. However, in many parts of the country International Children’s Day (June 1) is more popular.

On September 20, some Spanish-speaking countries (for example, Venezuela, Peru and Uruguay) celebrate Freedom of Speech Day (Día de la Libertad de Expresión de Pensamiento, literally “Freedom of Thought Expression Day”). It is dedicated to freedom of speech and expression, which is one of the fundamental human rights in a democratic society.


This Day in History

  • 2014 Died: Polly Bergen (born Nellie Paulina Burgin), American actress, singer, television host, and entrepreneur. Her career spanned over 60 years.
  • 2008 A dump truck filled with explosives detonated in front of the Marriott Hotel in Islamabad, Pakistan, killing at least 56 people and injuring 266.
  • 2005 Died: Simon Wiesenthal, Jewish Austrian writer, Holocaust survivor, and Nazi hunter. He dedicated most of his life to tracking down Nazi war criminals.
  • 2002 The Kolka-Karmadon rock-ice slide in North Ossetia, Russia killed 125 people, including Russian actor and director Sergei Bodrov Jr.
  • 2001 The United States military officially ended its "Don't ask, don't tell" policy, allowing openly gay, lesbian, or bisexual persons to serve.
  • 2000 Died: Gherman Titov, Soviet cosmonaut. He became the second human to orbit the Earth, aboard Vostok 2, preceded by Yuri Gagarin.
  • 1993 Died: Erich Hartmann, German fighter pilot during World War II. He is the most successful fighter ace in the history of aerial warfare.
  • 1990 The South Ossetian Democratic Republic proclaimed itself fully sovereign within the Soviet Union. Today, it is a partially recognized state.
  • 1984 Died: Steve Goodman, American singer-songwriter and musician. His best known songs include City of New Orleans and You're The Girl I Love.
  • 1979 Emperor Bokassa I of Central Africa was overthrown in a military coup d'état. Following the coup, the Central African Republic was restored.
  • 1978 Born: Sarit Hadad (born Sarah Khudadatov), Israeli singer. In October 2009, she was named the best Israeli female singer of the 2000s.
  • 1971 Died: Giorgos Seferis, renowned Greek poet-diplomat. He was awarded the 1963 Nobel Prize in Literature for his eminent lyrical writing.
  • 1957 Died: Jean Sibelius, Finnish composer of the late Romantic period. His work played an important role in the formation of the Finnish national identity.
  • 1956 Born: Steve Coleman, American saxophone player, composer, and band leader. He contributed significantly to contemporary jazz.
  • 1956 Born: Gary Cole, American television and film actor, voice artist, known for his roles in the series Midnight Caller, American Gothic, and Crusade.
  • 1948 Died: Husain Salaahuddin, Maldivian writer, poet, essayist, and scholar, who contributed significantly to early Maldivian literature.
  • 1948 Born: George R. R. Martin, American author, screenwriter, and television producer, known for his series of epic fantasy novels A Song of Ice and Fire.
  • 1946 The first Cannes Film Festival began. Currently, the Cannes International Film Festival is one of the world's most publicized film festivals.
  • 1936 Born: Andrew Davies, British novelist and screenwriter. He is best known for his adaptations of Vanity Fair and Pride and Prejudice.
  • 1934 Born: Sophia Loren, acclaimed Italian-French actress who won the 1961 Academy Award for Best Actress for her performance in Two Women.
  • 1932 Died: Wovoka, also known as Jack Wilson, Northern Paiute religious leader who is known as the founder of Ghost Dance movement.
  • 1925 Born: Ananda Mahidol (King Rama VIII), the eighth monarch of Thailand from the House of Chakri. He was crowned at the age of nine.
  • 1909 The Parliament of the United Kingdom passed the South Africa Act 1909, creating the Union of South Africa from several British colonies.
  • 1863 Died: Jacob Grimm, German philologist and mythologist who worked with his brother Wilhelm. He is known as the editor of Grimm's Fairy Tales.
  • 1854 The Battle of the Alma was fought during the Crimean War. In the first battle of the war, an Anglo-French force defeated the Russian army.
  • 1853 Born: Chulalongkorn (King Rama V), the fifth monarch of Siam from the House of Chakri. His reign was characterized by immense reforms.
  • 1833 Born: Ernesto Teodoro Moneta, Italian journalist, nationalist, and pacifist who won the 1907 Nobel Peace Prize, sharing it with Louis Renault.
  • 1778 Born: Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen, Baltic German officer in the Imperial Russian Navy, renowned cartographer and explorer.
  • 1519 Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan began his journey to the East Indies. He departed from Sanlúcar de Barrameda with about 270 men.
  • 1378 The Western Schism within the Roman Catholic Church began, when Cardinal Robert of Geneva was elected as Avignon Pope Clement VI.