Holidays Calendar for July 19, 2016

Martyrs' Day is a public holiday and remembrance day in Myanmar that commemorates eight leaders of the pre-independence interim Burmese government that were assassinated on July 19, 1947.

Sandinista Revolution Day, also known as FSLN Revolution Day or Liberation Day, is one of the public holidays in Nicaragua. It commemorates the defeat of the Somoza dictatorship in the Nicaraguan Revolution. The holiday is celebrated on July 19.

Asalha Puja (also spelled Asanha Bucha) is one of the most important festivals in Theravada Buddhism. It is celebrated on the full moon of the eight lunar month, which typically falls in July. Asalha Puja is a public holiday in Thailand.


Every year the Nepal Engineer's Association holds special festive events dedicated to Engineer's Day. They annually fall on Shrawan 3 (according to Bikran Samvat), corresponding to the mid-July of the Gregorian calendar.

National Flitch Day is an informal holiday dedicated to an ancient English custom that dates back to at least the 14th century. A flitch is a measurement of bacon, now known as a slab. In England, married couples were awarded a flitch of bacon if they did not repent on their marriage for a year and a day.

National Daiquiri Day is celebrated on July 19. Daiquiri is a popular rum-based cocktail, which is believed to have been one of the favorite drinks of Ernest Hemingway and John Kennedy.

This Day in History

  • 2016 Died: Garry Marshall, American actor, director, writer, and producer. He is best known for directing Pretty Woman, Runaway Bride, Valentine's Day, New Year's Eve, Mother's Day, The Princess Diaries, and The Princess Diaries 2: Royal Engagement.
  • 2010 Died: Jon Cleary, Australian author, best known for novels The Sundowners and The High Commissioner. Many of his books were adapted to television.
  • 1989 Died: Kazimierz Sabbat, Polish politician, President of the Republic of Poland in Exile from April 8, 1986 till his death. Prior to presidency Sabbat held post of Prime Minister of Polish Government in Exile.
  • 1989 United Airlines Flight 232 en route from Denver, to Chicago, USA, crashed in Sioux City, Iowa after failure of its tail-mounted engine and loss of all flight controls. 111 of 296 people on board died.
  • 1985 The Val di Stava Dam near Tesero, Northern Italy, collapsed. About 180,000 cubic meters of water, sand and mud were released into the Rio di Stava valley and flooded toward the village of Stava. As a result, 268 people died, 63 buildings destroyed and 8 bridges demolished.
  • 1982 Born: Jared Padalecki, American actor, best known for role as Sam Winchester on Supernatural.
  • 1981 The Farewell dossier was revealed by French Prime Minister François Mitterran to the U.S. President Ronald Reagan. The dossier contained a collection of American documents, gathered by Colonel Vladimir Vetrov, a KGB defector, and proved, that the Soviets were stealing American technological research and development.
  • 1976 Born: Benedict Cumberbatch, English actor. His role on BBC series Sherlock brought made him famous around the world. He also starred in War Horse, The Other Boleyn Girl and Tinker Tailor Soldier Spy.
  • 1974 Died: Joe Flynn, American actor, best known for role in ABC television situation comedy McHale's Navy. In his late career Flynn worked as voice actor for Disney animated features.
  • 1971 Born: Vitali Klitschko, Ukrainian boxer, former WBC, WBO and The Ring magazine heavyweight champion. He is known for his powerful punches and durable chin, he holds the second best knockout-to-fight ratio of any champion in heavyweight boxing history.
  • 1965 Died: Syngman Rhee, South Korean politician, the 1st President of South Korea. His presidency lasted from 1948 to 1960 and it was severely affected by Cold War tensions on the Korean peninsula.
  • 1952 The Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XV Olympiad, were opened in Helsinki, Finland.
  • 1947 Born: Brian May, English singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer, best known to audience as the lead guitarist of the rock band Queen.
  • 1943 Rome was heavily bombed by more than 500 Allied aircraft, causing thousands of civilian casualties. After the bombing 2 million Italian lire were distributed to the crowds by Pius XII and Msgr. Montini (future Pope Paul VI).
  • 1921 Born: Rosalyn Sussman Yalow, American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate for development of the radioimmunoassay technique.
  • 1913 Died: Clímaco Calderón, Colombian lawyer and politician, 15th President of Colombia. His presidency lasted only for one day, from December 21, 1882 to December 22, 1882. After the presidency Calderón became an important Colombian diplomat, serving for nearly 20 years in the USA.
  • 1903 An Italian-born French road bicycle racer Maurice Garin became the winner of the first Tour de France.
  • 1900 The first line of the Paris Métro opened for operation between Porte Maillot and Porte de Vincennes, connecting various sites of the World Fair. At the time of opening only 8 stations were finalized, 10 more stations opened between August 6 and September 1, 1900.
  • 1895 Born: Xu Beihong, Chinese painter, primarily known for his ink paintings of horses and birds. He was one of the first Chinese artists to create monumental oil paintings with epic Chinese themes.
  • 1848 The first Women's Rights Convention (known as Seneca Falls Convention) opened in New York. Convention lasted for two days and attracted widespread attention. Soon other women's rights conventions followed it.
  • 1842 Died: Pierre Joseph Pelletier, French chemist, notable for research on vegetable alkaloids and co-discovery of quinine and strychnine.
  • 1838 Died: Pierre Louis Dulong, French physicist and chemist, remembered today for the law of Dulong and Petit. He is credited with discovery of dangerously sensitive nitrogen trichloride, costing him two fingers and an eye in the process.
  • 1834 Born: Edgar Degas, French painter, regarded as one of the founders of Impressionism. He is known for his ability to depict movement, that can be seen in his renditions of dancers, female nudes and racecourse subjects.
  • 1814 Died: Matthew Flinders, English navigator and cartographer, the first person to circumnavigate Australia and identify it as a continent.
  • 1814 Born: Samuel Colt, American inventor and industrialist, founder of Colt's Manufacturing Company, that made the mass production of the revolver commercially viable.
  • 1800 Born: Juan José Flores, Venezuelan general and politician, the first President of Ecuador. He served in office from 1839 to 1845.
  • 1789 Born: John Martin, English painter, illustrator and engraver. His work influenced the pre-Raphaelites and inspired the French Romantic movement. Many of his works are in public collections.
  • 1692 Died: Sarah Good, American woman, one of the first three women to be accused of witchcraft in the Salem witch trials.
  • 1553 After only nine days on the throne of England, Lady Jane Grey was replaced by Mary I. She ruled the country till her death in 1558. Mass executions of Protestants earned Mary I the nickname Bloody Mary.
  • 1374 Died: Francesco Petrarca, commonly anglicized as Petrarch, Italian poet, scholar of Renaissance period. He is often called to be the Father of Humanism. His sonnets were admired and imitated throughout Europe during Renaissance and became a model for lyrical poetry.
  • 64 Great Fire of Rome: a fire began to burn in the merchant area of Rome. The fire was taken under control only after 6 days. According to a popular, but untrue legend, Emperor Nero fiddled as the city burned.