Holidays Calendar for July 13, 2016

Naadam is a traditional three-day festival in Mongolia which is celebrated as a public holiday. It is held from July 11 to July 13. In 2010, it was included to the UNESCO Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity.

Montenegro celebrates Statehood Day on July 13 every year. This holiday shouldn't be confused with Independence Day, since they originate from different historic events.

President of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev established by his Presidential Decree the National Security Committee of Kazakhstan on July 13, 1992. This date became the starting point for celebration of National Security Committee Day in Kazakhstan.

July 13 is National French Fries Day. French fries are a common fixture of fast food restaurants all over the world.

This Day in History

  • 2013 George Zimmerman was found not guilty in the shooting of Trayvon Martin. In many cities, protests in support of the Martin family occurred.
  • 2013 Died: Cory Monteith, Canadian actor and musician best known for his role as Finn Hudson on the Fox television series Glee.
  • 2004 Died: Carlos Kleiber, German-born Austrian conductor who is considered to be one of the greatest conductors of the 20th century.
  • 1988 Born: Colton Haynes, American actor and model best known for his roles as Jackson Whittemore in Teen Wolf and Roy Harper in Arrow.
  • 1985 Vice President George H. W. Bush became the Acting President for the day when President Ronald Reagan had to undergo surgery.
  • 1980 Died: Seretse Khama, statesman and politician from Botswana who served as the first President of Botswana from 1966 until his death.
  • 1974 Died: Patrick Maynard Stuart Blackett, Baron Blackett, English experimental physicist who was awarded the 1948 Nobel Prize in Physics.
  • 1967 Born: Benny Benassi, Italian DJ and record producer. He is best known for his 2002 club hit Satiscation which was Benassi's debut single.
  • 1962 British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan dismissed one-third of his Cabinet. This Cabinet reshuffle is known as the Night of the Long Knives.
  • 1956 In Haifa, Israel, construction of an underground funicular railway began. It was named the Carmelit after Mount Carmel through which it runs.
  • 1954 Died: Frida Kahlo, Mexican painter best known for her self-portraits. Mexican culture and Amerindian cultural tradition are important in her work.
  • 1950 Born: George Nelson, American physicist, science education, astronomer and astronaut. He spent 17 days 2 hours and 43 minutes in space.
  • 1945 Died: Alla Nazimova, Russian-American actress, screenwriter and film producer considered the great exponent of Ibsen on Broadway.
  • 1942 Born: Harrison Ford, American actor and film producer best known for playing Han Solo in Star Wars and the title character of the Indiana Jones film series.
  • 1941 The Communist Party of Yugoslavia initiated a popular uprising in Montenegro against Italian occupation forces. It was suppressed within six weeks.
  • 1940 Born: Sir Patrick Stewart, English actor best known for his roles as Captain Jean-Luc Picard in Star Trek and Professor Charles Xavier in the X-Men film series.
  • 1930 The inaugural FIFA World Cup began in Uruguay. In the final, Uruguay defeated Argentina 4–2 and became the first nation to win the World Cup.
  • 1930 Born: Naomi Shemer, Israeli musician and songwriter. Her song Jerusalem of Gold is considered to be the unofficial anthem of Israel.
  • 1928 Born: Bob Crane, American actor, drummer, disc jockey and radio host best known for playing Colonel Robert E. Hogan in Hogan's Heroes.
  • 1924 Died: Alfred Marshall, English economist regarded as one of the most influential economists of his time. His best known work is Principles of Economics.
  • 1923 The Hollywood Sign (originally the Hollywoodland Sign) was officially dedicated. Its purpose was to advertise the name of a new housing development.
  • 1921 Died: Gabriel Lippmann, Franco-Luxembourgish physicist who was awarded the 1908 Nobel Prize in Physics for his input to color photography.
  • 1919 The British R33-class airship R34 became the first return Atlantic crossing. It was commanded by Major George Herbert Scott.
  • 1878 The UK, France, Austro-Hungary, Germany, Russia, Italy and the Ottoman Empire signed the Treaty of Berlin for the Settlement of the Affairs of the East.
  • 1870 Otto von Bismarck released the Ems Dispatch that incited France to declare the Franco-Prussian War. The name referred to the resort of Bad Ems.
  • 1841 Born: Otto Wagner, Austrian architect and urban planner. Wagner made lasting impact on the appearance of his home town Vienna.
  • 1793 Died: Jean-Paul Marat, French physician, scientist, radical journalist and politician best known for his career during the French Revolution.
  • 1793 Born: John Clare, English poet whose best known work is Poems Descriptive of Rural Life and Scenery. He was known as "peasant poet".
  • 1762 Died: James Bradley, English astronomer who is best known for discovering the aberration of light and the nutation of the Earth's axis.
  • 1527 Born: John Dee, English astronomer, astrologer, occult philosopher, mathematician, imperialist and adviser to Queen Elizabeth I.