Holidays Calendar for July 11, 2016

Gospel Day is a public holiday in Kiribati. It's annually appointed to the nearest day to National Day, celebrated in July.

Naadam is a traditional three-day festival in Mongolia which is celebrated as a public holiday. It is held from July 11 to July 13. In 2010, it was included to the UNESCO Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity.

Flemish Community Day, also known as the Day of the Flemish Community, is observed in Belgium on July 11. It commemorates the 1302 Battle of the Golden Spurs and celebrates Flemish culture.

In Northern Ireland, the night before July 12 (known as Orangemen's Day or the Twelfth) is referred to as the Eleventh Night. This celebration often causes tension between the Protestant and the Catholic communities.

On July 11, have a blueberry muffin for breakfast as it is National Blueberry Muffin Day. By the way, did you know that the blueberry muffin is the official state muffing of Minnesota?

World Population Day is an official United Nations observance held on July 11 each year. It was established by the Governing Council of the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) in 1989.

Maritime Day in China, also referred to as China National Maritime Day and China Maritime Day, is celebrated on July 11. The holiday commemorates the first voyage of Zheng He, outstanding mariner, explorer and fleet admiral during the Ming Dynasty.


This Day in History

  • 2013 Died: Emik Avakian, Iranian-American inventor. He patented number of inventions, primarily regarding improvement of disabled peoples lives, and received many awards, recognizing his efforts to do so.
  • 2012 The fifth moon of Pluto, Styx, was discovered by a team led by astronomer Mark R. Showalter. The moon is estimated to have a diameter of between 10 and 25 km (6 and 16 mi) and an orbital period of 20.2 days.
  • 2007 Died: Lady Bird Johnson, American businesswoman, First Lady of the United States, wife of President Lyndon B. Johnson. As First Lady, she broke new ground by interacting directly with Congress, employing her own press secretary, and making a solo electioneering tour.
  • 2006 209 people were killed and over 700 injured in a series of seven bomb blasts, that took place over a period of 11 minutes, on the Suburban Railway in Mumbai, India.
  • 2005 Died: Frances Langford, American actress and singer, popular during the Golden Age of Radio. She also made a film career, that spanned for about two decades.
  • 1989 Died: Laurence Olivier, English actor, director, and producer. He was one of the foremost actors of the 20th century and won four Academy Awards.
  • 1984 Born: Rachael Taylor, Australian actress. She filmed in many TV series (Grey's Anatomy, Charlie's Angels, 666 Park Avenue). Role in Transformers (as Maggie Madsen) made her worldwide popular.
  • 1979 The first American space station Skylab was destroyed as it re-entered the atmosphere of Earth over the Indian Ocean. The space station worked from 1973.
  • 1978 A truck carrying 23 tons of highly flammable liquefied propylene crashed in a road accident and exploded in Alcanar, Spain. The driver and other 216 people died, 200 more were severely burned.
  • 1974 Died: Pär Lagerkvist, Swedish author, poet, and playwright. One of his central themes was the fundamental question of good and evil. He received Nobel Prize in Literature in 1951.
  • 1973 123 of 134 people on board of Varig Flight 820 heading from Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, to Paris, France, died due to the fire, that outbroke in the lavatory in the rear part of the aircraft. At landing time the passengers were already dead. Investigation revealed, that the fire was caused by a cigarette, thrown into waste bin.
  • 1971 Died: Pedro Rodríguez, Mexican race car driver, widely regarded to be the best driver of his era in the wet. He became a two-time world champion driver in the fearsome Porsche 917 together with his co-driver Leo Kinnunen.
  • 1971 Died: John W. Campbell, American journalist and author. He was an editor of Analog Science Fiction and Fact from 1937 till his death. He is generally credited with shaping the Golden Age of Science Fiction.
  • 1966 Born: Greg Grunberg, American actor and producer. He became famous for roles on television series Heroes (as Matt Parkman), Felicity (Sean Blumberg) and Lost (Seth Norris).
  • 1963 Born: Lisa Rinna, American actress and talk show host, best known to audience for her role as Billie Red on Days of Our Lives and as Taylor McBride on Melrose Place.
  • 1959 Born: Richie Sambora, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and produce. He is best known for being a lead guitarist of rock band Bon Jovi. Apart from career in Bon Jovi, Sambora released three solo albums: Stranger in This Town, Undiscovered Soul and Aftermath of the Lowdown.
  • 1952 Born: Stephen Lang, American actor and playwright. He is best known for role as Col. Miles Quaritch in Avatar.
  • 1940 Vichi regime was formally established in France, and Philippe Pétain, then 84 years old, became Prime Minister of France.
  • 1937 Died: George Gershwin, American pianist and composer. His melodies are widely known even today, his greatest works were Rhapsody in Blue, An American in Paris and the opera Porgy and Bess.
  • 1934 Born: Giorgio Armani, Italian fashion designer, particularly known for menswear. In 1975 he founded the Armani Company and by 2001 he was claimed to be the most successful fashion designer Italy had ever had.
  • 1916 Born: Alexander Prokhorov, Australian-Russian physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate for pioneering work on lasers and mashers.
  • 1906 Died: Muhammad Abduh, Egyptian jurist and scholar, regarded as one of the key founding figures of Islamic Modernism.
  • 1893 Japanese entrepreneur Mikimoto Kōkichi obtained his first cultured pearl.
  • 1801 French astronomer Jean-Louis Pons discovered his first comet. During the next 27 years he discovered another 36 comets, that is much more than any other person in history.
  • 1767 Born: John Quincy Adams, American lawyer and politician, 6th President of the United States. As president of the United States, Adams payed off much of the national debt and sought the ways of economy modernization and education promotion.
  • 1732 Born: Jérôme Lalande, French astronomer, freemason and writer. His works Bibliographie astronomique and Traité d'astronomie became very important for his contemporaries and descendants.
  • 1657 Born: Frederick I, Duke of Prussia and later the first King of Prussia. Frederick I crowned himself in 1701 to be called King in Prussia, that let him carry out independent foreign policy, while his kingdom was still a part of the Holy Roman Empire.
  • 1593 Died: Giuseppe Arcimboldo, Italian painter, best known for creation of imaginative portrait heads made entirely of fruits, vegetables, fish, books and flowers.
  • 1576 Expedition headed by Martin Frobisher discovered Greenland. However, the members of the expedition couldn't land on Greenland due to thick fog.
  • 1302 The Battle of the Golden Spurs: a Flemish coalition, that mostly consisted of local craftsmen, defeated the king of France's royal army.