Holidays Calendar for July 22, 2016

On July 22, the Swazi celebrate the birthday of King Sobhuza II, the first king of independent Swaziland. The birth anniversary of the late monarch is one of the public holidays in the Kingdom of Swaziland.

Revolution Day is one of the public holidays in the Gambia. It is celebrated on July 22 to commemorate the 1994 coup d'état led by Yahya Jammeh.

World Brain Day is an annual observance celebrated on July 22. It was instituted by the World Federation of Neurology to raise awareness of the importance of brain health.

National Press Day in Azerbaijan is celebrated on June 22 each year. This professional holiday commemorates the anniversary of the first publication of Akinchi (Ekinchi), the first newspaper fully printed in the Azerbaijani language in the Russian Empire.

July 22 is National Penuche Fudge Day in the United States. Penuche is a type of fudge made with butter, milk, and brown sugar and flavored with vanilla. It has a lighter texture than regular fudge and often has a tannish color due to the caramelization of brown sugar.

Rat Catcher's Day (also spelled Rat-catcher's Day and Ratcatcher's Day) is an informal holiday that commemorates the legend of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. It has two possible dates: June 26 or July 22.

The mathematical constant π (pi) is special for a number of reasons. One of them is that there are at least two holidays dedicated to pi: Pi Day celebrated on March 14 and Pi Approximation Day observed on July 22.


This Day in History

  • 2013 Born: Prince George of Cambridge, son of Prince William, Duke of Cambridge, and Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge. He is the third in line to succeed the Queen Elizabeth II.
  • 2011 Twin terror attacks in Norway: a bomb blasted in central Oslo, targeting government buildings, and a youth camp on the island of Utøya was attacked. 8 were killed and 209 injured by the explosion, and 69 were killed and 110 injured in a massacre at the camp.
  • 2003 A compound in Iraq was attacked by members of 101st Airborne of the United States, aided by Special Forces. During this operation Saddam Hussein's sons Uday and Qusay, along with Qusay's 14-year old son, Mustapha, and their bodyguard were killed.
  • 1992 Died: Wayne McLaren, American actor and stuntman. He was the first man to appear in ads for Marlboro and became widely known as Marlboro Man. After developing lung cancer he became an anti-smoking crusader citing his 30-year smoking habit as the cause of his cancer.
  • 1955 Born: Willem Dafoe, American actor, best known for role as Sergeant Elias in Platoon and as Max Schereck in Shadow of the Vampire. He also starred in Spider-Man and its sequels, The Aviator, Antichrist.
  • 1951 The Soviet Union launched mission with passengers Dezik and Tsygan, who became the first dogs to make a sub-orbital flight. Both of the dogs survived.
  • 1950 Died: William Lyon Mackenzie King, Canadian politician, the 10th Prime Minister of Canada. He was keenly interested in the human condition and played a major role in laying the foundations of the Canadian welfare state.
  • 1947 Born: Don Henley, American singer-songwriter and drummer, best known to audience as the founding member of the Eagles. He played with the eagles till 1980, when they broke up and since 1994, when they reunited.
  • 1946 Born: Mireille Mathieu, French singer, who was called to be "New Piaf". She recorded 1200 songs in 11 languages and sold 122 million albums worldwide.
  • 1946 A Zionist underground organization, the Irgun, bombed the King David Hotel in Jerusalem, site of the civil administration and military headquarters for Mandate Palestine,. 91 were killed.
  • 1944 The Polish Committee of National Liberation published its manifesto, that marked the start of the period of Communist rule in Poland.
  • 1943 Born: Bobby Sherman, American singer-songwriter and actor, a popular teen idol in the late 1960s and early 1970s. He filmed in Wild in the Streets, He is My Brother, Get Crazy and recorded number singles and albums.
  • 1934 Died: John Dillinger, American bank robber, the enemy of the state number one. His band robbed four police stations and twenty four banks.
  • 1933 Wiley Post became the first person to fly solo around the world. His travel lasted 7 days, 18 hours and 45 minutes.
  • 1932 Died: Reginald Fessenden, Canadian inventor, known for pioneering experiments in radio (radio transmissions of voice and music). He received hundreds of patents for devices in fields of high-powered transmitting, television and sonar.
  • 1915 Died: Sandford Fleming, Scottish-Canadian engineer and inventor. He developed and proposed standard time zones, that was one of his greatest achievements. He is also known as the designer of the first Canada's post stamp and founder of the Royal Canadian Institute in Toronto.
  • 1908 Died: Randal Cremer, English politician, Nobel Prize in Peace laureate for preparation of the ground for the Hague peace conferences of 1899 and 1907.
  • 1894 The first ever motor race was held between the cities of Paris and Rouen, France. The first prize was equally shred between the cars Panhard et Levassor and Peugeot.
  • 1888 Born: Selman Waksman, Ukrainian-born, Jewish-American inventor, biochemist and microbiologist, Nobel Prize laureate for discovery of streptomycin, the first antibiotic against tuberculosis.
  • 1887 Born: Gustav Ludwig Hertz, German physicist and academic. His greatest achievement of lifetime was Nobel Prize in Physics in 1925.
  • 1882 Born: Edward Hopper, American painter, best known for his oil paintings. He depicted urban and rural scenes, that reflected his personal vision of modern American life.
  • 1878 Born: Janusz Korczak, prominent Polish pediatrician and author, known as Pan Doktor (Mr. Doctor). He spend many years working as director of an orphanage in Warsaw, and died together with the children when the institution was sent from the Ghetto to the Treblinka extermination camp.
  • 1869 Died: John A. Roebling, German-American engineer, best remembered for designs of wire rope suspension bridges. The famous Brooklyn Bridge was also designed by him.
  • 1826 Died: Giuseppe Piazzi, Italian mathematician and astronomer, best known as the first person to discover an asteroid, which is now known as Ceres.
  • 1818 Died: Indra Lal Roy, Indian lieutenant and pilot. He served in the First World War with the Royal Flying Corps. In just over 170 hours flying time he destroyed 10 enemy aircraft.
  • 1793 Alexander Mackenzie reached the Pacific Ocean and became the first recorded human to complete a transcontinental crossing of Canada.
  • 1713 Born: Jacques-Germain Soufflot, French architect, known for introduction of neoclassicism to the architecture of France. One of his most famous works is the Panthéon in Paris, built in 1755.
  • 1633 Died: Trijntje Keever, Dutch giant. She was nicknamed De Groote Meid (The Big Girl in English) and is allegedly the tallest woman in recorded history. At the time of her death (she was 17) her height was 8 ft 4 in (or 2.54 meters).
  • 1456 John Hunyadi, Regent of the Kingdom of Hungary, defeated Mehmet II of the Ottoman empire. This was a decisive victory of Hungary, that let Hungarians wound Mehmet II and seize Belgrade, the Ottoman camp.
  • 1298 Edward I of England and his longbowmen defeated William Wallace and his Scottish schiltrons in the Battle of Falkirk, that became one of the major battle of the First War of Scottish Independence.