Rosh Hashanah Date in the current year: October 3, 2016

Rosh Hashanah Rosh Hashanah is the Jewish New Year celebrated on the first and second day of Tishrei, the first month of the civil year in the Hebrew calendar. It usually falls occurs in September or October in terms of the Georgian calendar.

Rosh Hashanah is translated literally as “head of the year”. This day is believed to be the anniversary of the creation of the first man and woman, Adam and Eve. Their creation was the last stage of the creation of the world by God.

The customs of Rosh Hashanah include eating symbolic foods. As a rule, festive meals include apples and honey which symbolize a sweet new year. Pomegranates are often served because they are believed to have 613 seeds which corresponds to the 613 mitzvot (commandments) of the Torah.

Challah, a special Jewish bread, is also served. Challa served on Rosh Hashana is round instead of braided. Its circular shape is intended to symbolize the cycle of the year.

One of the most important Rosh Hashanah customs is shofar blowing during the synagogue service. Shofar is a musical instrument made of a ram's horn. The blasts of shofar vary in length and follow a set sequence.

On the first day of the holiday most Jews perform the ritual of tashlikh, the casting off of sins. They recite prayers near the flowing water and throw breadcrumbs or pebbles into the water. This ritual can be practiced individually or in groups.

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Rosh Hashanah, Jewish holidays, Jewish New Year, religious holidays