Holidays Calendar for February 23, 2016

February 23 is one of the important holidays for Russia and number of former republics of the Soviet Union. This is Defender of the Fatherland Day.

National Day in Brunei annually falls on February 1. This holiday celebrates gaining independence from the United Kingdom in 1984, that actually happened on January 1.

Guyana annually celebrates Mashramani on February 23. The festival celebrates Republic Day, the day when Guyana officially became a republic in 1970.

Purim also referred to as the Festival of Lots is a Jewish holiday commemorating the victory of the Jewish people over their enemies who wanted to destroy them in the Persian Empire. These events are recorded in the Megillat Ester (the Book of Esther).


World Spay Day is an annual event dedicated to raising awareness of the spaying (for females) and neutering (for males) as a humane and effective way to save animals' lives. It is observed on the last Tuesday in February.


February 23 is a great day to indulge with banana bread. If you haven't baked it for ages, it's time to do it and celebrate National Banana Bread Day.

This Day in History

  • 2011 Died: Nirmala Srivastava, Indian religious leader, founder or Sahaja Yoga, a meditation technique and religious movement.
  • 2010 An environmental disaster was sparkled by unknown criminals. Over 2.5 million liters of diesel oil and other hydrocarbons were poured into the river Lambro in Northern Italy.
  • 1998 Tornadoes in central Florida, USA, destroyed and damaged 2,600 structures. 42 were killed.
  • 1994 Born: Dakota Fanning, American actress. She made her breakthrough at the age of 7 after performance in the 2001 film I Am Sam. Later Dakota starred in War of the Worlds, Charlotte's Webb, The Runaways, The Twilight Saga etc.
  • 1994 Dr. Glenn T. Seaborg produced and isolated plutonium for the first time.
  • 1987 Supernova 1987a was seen in the Large Magellanic Cloud.
  • 1983 Born: Emily Blunt, English actress, made her breakthrough in The Devil Wears Prada. Among her other notable works are films Gideon's Daughter, The Young Victoria, The Adjustment Bureau.
  • 1981 Antonio Tejero attempted a coup d'état in Spain by capturing the Spanish Congress of Deputies. He and 200 armed officers hold the Parliament and cabinet hostage for 18 hours and surrendered the next morning without having harmed anyone.
  • 1973 Died: Dickinson W. Richards, American physician, Nobel Prize laureate for development of cardiac catheterization and the characterization of a number of cardiac diseases.
  • 1965 Born: Michael Dell, American businessman, founder of Dell Inc, American multinational computer technology company, today one of the largest technological corporations in the world.
  • 1958 5-time world F1 champion Juan Manuel Fangio was kidnapped by Cuban rebels. Fangio was released after 29 hours and remained a good friend of his kidnappers afterwards.
  • 1952 Born: Brad Whitford, American guitarist, best known as the rhythm guitarist of hard rock band Aerosmith.
  • 1944 Died: Leo Baekeland, Belgian-American chemist, inventor of Bakelite, and inexpensive, nonflammable, versatile popular plastic. His invention marked the beginning of the modern plastic industry.
  • 1931 Died: Nellie Melba, Australian soprano, one of the most famous singers of the late Victorian Era and the early 20th century.
  • 1924 Born: Allan McLeod Cormack, South-African-American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate for work on X-ray computed tomography.
  • 1898 Émile Zola was imprisoned in France after writing J'accuse, a letter, in which he accused the French government of antisemitism and wrongfully imprisoning Captain Alfred Dreyfus.
  • 1889 Born: Victor Fleming, American director, cinematographer, and producer, best known for films The Wizard of Oz and Gone with the Wind.
  • 1887 An earthquake hit the French Riviera, around 2,000 were killed.
  • 1886 The first samples of man-made aluminum were produces by Charles Martin Hall after several years of intensive work.
  • 1883 Born: Karl Jaspers, German philosopher and psychiatrist. Jaspers discovered an innovative philosophical system and today he is often viewed as a major exponent of existentialism in Germany.
  • 1859 Died: Zygmunt Krasiński, Polish poet, a great Romantic poet, best known for drama The Un-Divine Comedy.
  • 1855 Died: Carl Friedrich Gauss, German mathematician, astronomer, and physicist, sometimes referred as the greatest mathematician since antiquity. Gauss significantly contributed to algebra, number theory, differential geometry, geophysics, astronomy, Matrix theory, optics and other fields.
  • 1850 Born: César Ritz, Swiss businessman, founder of The Ritz London Hotel and Hôtel Ritz Paris.
  • 1848 Died: John Quincy Adams, American politician, the 6th President of the United States.
  • 1821 Died: John Keats, English poet. Although Keats' works have been in publication for 4 years before his death, he is considered as one of the main figures of the second generation of Romantic poets along with Lord Byron and Percy Bysshe Shelley.
  • 1792 Died: Joshua Reynolds, English painter, promoter of the Grand Style in paining, that depended on idealization of the imperfect.
  • 1744 Born: Mayer Amschel Rothschild, German banker, the founder of the Rothschild banking dynasty. This family is believed to have become the wealthiest family in human history.
  • 1685 Born: George Frideric Handel, German-English composer, famous for operas, anthems and organ concertos. Among his most famous works are Messiah, Water Music and Music for the Royal Fireworks.
  • 1603 Died: Andrea Cesalpino, Italian philosopher, physician, and botanist, best known for classifying plants according to their fruits and seeds rather that alphabetically or by medicinal properties. Cesalpino also theorized a circulation of the blood, but he envisioned chemical circulation (based on evaporation and condensation), rather then later popularized concept of physical circulation.
  • 1455 The Gutenberg Bible was first printed with movable print.