Emperor's Birthday in Japan Date in the current year: December 23, 2019

Emperor's Birthday in Japan Emperor's Birthday is one of the most important public holidays in Japan. It's annually celebrated on December 23, that is birthday of reigning Emperor Akihito. After his death the date of the holiday will be determined by the birthday date of the next emperor.

Emperor Akihito was born on December 23, 1933. He is the 125th Emperor of his line. He ascended the throne on January 7, 1989.

The tradition to celebrate Emperor's Birthday appeared during the reign of Emperor Meiji. At that time this holiday was celebrated on November 3, during the reign of Emperor Taishō it was moved to August 31. After ascension of Emperor Hirohito the holiday was observed on April 29. After his death April 29 became Greenery Day and Shōwa Day in 2007.

After ascension of Emperor Akihito Emperor's Birthday is celebrated on December 23. This is one of the two holidays, when the gates of the Imperial Palace are opened to public and people may enter its inner grounds. The festive ceremony takes on place at the palace itself and all come to greet the reigning Emperor.

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