2013Died: Jerry Sisk, Jr., American gemologist, co-founder of Jewelry Television.
1993Endeavour was launched for the third time as STS-54 from the Kennedy Space Center in the context of Space Shuttle program.
1991Born: Goo Hara, South Korean idol singer, model, dancer, and actress. She is known for being a member of Korean pop group Kara.
1986Born: Joannie Rochette, Canadian figure skater. She is Canadian national champion, the 2010 Olympic bronze medalist, the 2009 World silver medalist, Four Continents silver medalist in 2008 and 2009 and the 2004 Grand Prix Final bronze medalist.
1985A passenger train plunged into a ravine in Ethiopia, 428 killed. This is the worst railroad disaster in Africa.
1978U.S. Food & Drug Administration required all blood donations to be labeled "volunteered" or "paid" donors.
1977Died: Henri Langlois, French archivist, Langlois was a very influential figure in the history of cinema, co-founded the Cinémathèque Française and International Federation of Film Archives.
1977Born: Orlando Bloom, English actor. Bloom received world fame for the role as Legolas in The Lord of the Rings. Among his other famous roles are Will Turner in the Pirates of the Caribbean series and Paris in Troy.
1966Born: Patrick Dempsey, American actor and race car driver. Dempsey is best known for his role as neurosurgeon Dr. Derek Shepherd on the ABC medical drama Grey's Anatomy.
1960Born: Eric Betzig, American physicist and chemist, Nobel Prize laureate for the development of super-resolved fluorescence microscopy.
1958Died: Jesse L. Lasky, American film producer, co-founder of Paramount Pictures.
1955Born: Jay McInerney, American author and food critic. He publishes not only novels and short stories, but also works on screenplays. He was a co-author of the screenplay for Gia, which starred Angelina Jolie. Since 2010 works for The Wall Street Journal as the wine columnist.
1942Born: Carol Cleveland, British actress and comedian. She is most notable for her appearance on Monty Python's Flying Circus as the only significant female performer.
1942Henry Ford patented his plastic automobile, that was 30% lighter than a regular car.
1941Died: James Joyce, Irish modern poet and author. His best known work is Ulysses, which is considered as the most prominent among these the stream of consciousness technique he perfected.
1934Died: Paul Ulrich Villard, French physicist, the discoverer of gamma rays.
1927Born: Sydney Brenner, South African biologist, Nobel Prize laureate for the investigation of animal neural development.
1915The 1915 Avezzano earthquake, Italy, killed over 30,000 people.
1910The first public radio broadcast took place. A live performance of the opera Cavalleria rusticana was sent out from Metropolitan Opera House in New York.
1908171 people burned alive in the Rhodays Opera House in Boyertown, Pennsylvania.
1885Born: Alfred Fuller, Canadian-American businessman, founder of the Fuller Brush Company that sells branded and private label products for personal care and household cleaning.
1882Died: Wilhelm Mauser, German weapon designer. Together with his brother designed the Mauser Model 1871 rifle (the most successful line of Mauser pistols and rifles) and co-founded The Mauser Company.
1864Born: Wilhelm Wien, German physicist, Nobel Prize laureate for his work on heat radiation. Wien is also known for his formulation of an expression for the black-body radiation.
1840The steamship Lexington burned and sank 4 miles off the coast of Long Island, 139 killed.
1832Died: Thomas Lord, English first-class cricketer and founder of Lord's Cricket Ground. His venue is widely referred to as the "home of cricket" and it is the home to the world's oldest sporting museum.
1815British troops captured Fort Peter in St. Marys, Georgia. This was the only battle of War of 1812 that took place in the state.
1797A naval battle between a French ship of the line and 2 British frigates off the coast of Brittany took place. The battle ended with French vessel running aground that resulted in over 900 deaths.
1691Died: George Fox, English religious leader, founder of the Religious Society of Friends, which is commonly known as the Quakers or Friends.
1625Died: Jan Brueghel the Elder, Flemish painter, known for his floral still lifes and paradise landscapes.
1599Died: Edmund Spenser, English poet. Spenser is recognized as one of the premier craftsmen of Modern English verse and one of the greatest poets in the English language.