January 12 is National Youth Day in India. This observance is celebrated annually since 1985.
This Day in History
2010Died: Hasib Sabbagh, Palestinian businessman, co-founder of Consolidated Contractors Company, the largest construction company in the Middle East.
2010The 2010 Haiti earthquake killed about 316,000 and destroyed the majority of the capital Port-au-Prince.
2005Deep Impact (a NASA space probe designed to study the interior composition of the comet Tempel 1) was launched from Cape Canaveral on a Delta II rocket.
2004RMS Queen Mary 2, the world's largest ocean liner, made its maiden voyage.
2003Died: Maurice Gibb, English singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer. He achieved international fame as guitarist and keyboardist of the Bee Gees.
2001Died: William Redington Hewlett, American engineer and businessman, co-founder of Hewlett-Packard (HP), a corporation that provides hardware, software and services to consumers in the government, health and education sectors.
2000Died: Marc Davis, a prominent American animator for Walt Disney Studios. Davis was responsible for animation of many Disney characters, such as Snow White, Bambi, Cinderella, Alice, Tinker Bell, Maleficent, Cruella De Vil and many others.
199819 European nations agreed to forbid human cloning. Today human cloning it is prohibited in Australia, Canada, Columbia, all countries of EU (except Greece, Spain and Portugal), India, Romania, Serbia and in some American states.
1997Died: Charles Brenton Huggins, Canadian-American physician and physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate for discovering that hormones could control the spread of some cancers. The chemical cancer control is based on Huggins' studies.
1991Died: Mary Francis Shura, American author, best known for her children's adventures and young adult romances. She wrote over 50 novels under different pseudonyms (Mary Francis Shura, M. F. Craig, Meredith Hill, Mary Craig, Alexis Hill, Mary Shura Craig, Mary S. Craig and M. S. Craig).
1991Born: Pixie Lott, successful young English singer-songwriter and actress. She became famous in the UK for singles Mama Do, Nasty and All About Tonight.
1976Died: Agatha Christie, English crime novelist, short story writer and playwright. She is best known for creation of Hercule Poirot and Miss Jane Marple characters who investigate crimes.
1974Born: Melanie Jayne Chisholm, better known as Melanie C, English singer-songwriter, actress, and businesswoman. She was one of the five members of the Spice Girls, the best-selling female group of all the time. The Spice Girls were also called as the biggest British pop phenomenon since the Beatles.
1967Dr. James Bedford became the first person who was cryonically preserved with intent of future resuscitation. B
1965Born: Rob Zombie, American singer-songwriter, producer and screenwriter. He became famous as the member of the band White Zombie.
1964Born: Jeff Bezos, American businessman, founder of Amazon.com. He is number 21 on the Forbes list of billionaires as of October 2014.
1959Born: Per Gessle, Swedish singer-songwriter and guitarist. He is the leader singer of Swedish pop group Gyllene, but he gained his international popularity with Roxette.
1949Born: Haruki Murakami, Japanese contemporary writer. His books were translated into 50 languages and his best-selling books sold millions of copies. Murakami's most notable books include A Wild Sheep Chase, Norwegian Wood, The Wind-Up Bird Chronicle, Kafka on the Shore and 1Q84.
1918Finland's "Mosaic Confessors" law went into effect that made Finnish Jews full citizens of the country.
1915The United States House of Representatives rejected a proposal to give women right to vote. All the citizens of the United States regardless of their sex were given the right to vote only by the 19th Amendment (1920).
1915The Rocky Mountain National Park was formed by an act of the U.S. Congress.
1908A long-distance radio message was sent from the Eiffel Tower for the first time.
1899Died: Hiram Walker, American businessman, founder of Canadian Club, a brand of whiskey from Canada.
1899Born: Paul Hermann Müller, Swiss chemist, Nobel Prize laureate for discovery on insecticidal qualities and use of DDT in control of vector diseases (yellow fever and malaria).
1876Born: Jack London, American author, journalist and social activist. He's world known for his works The Call of the Wild, White Fang and short stories To Build a Fire.
1833Died: Marie-Antoine Carême, French chef. He was an early practitioner of the elaborate style of cooking that is known as grande cuisine. Carême was not only a prominent chef, he is also known for creation of standard chef's hat, he classified all sauces into groups and designed new dishes and sauces.
1808British government abandoned John Rennie's scheme to defend St Mary's Church, Reculver, from coastal erosion in favor of demolition. This happened despite the fact that the church was an exemplar of Anglo-Saxon church architecture and sculpture build in 669.
1665Died: Pierre de Fermat, French mathematician and lawyer. He is known for discovery of an original method that lets find the greatest and the smallest ordinates of curved lines.
1628Born: Charles Perrault, French author. He is best known for his fairy tales Little Red Riding Hood, Cinderella, Puss in Boots, The Sleeping Beauty and Bluebeard.
1580Born: Jan Baptist van Helmont, Flemish chemist and physician. He is considered as the founder of pneumatic chemistry. Today Helmont is remembered for his ideas on spontaneous generation, his 5-year tree experiment and introduction of word "gas" into the vocabulary of scientists.