Bosnia and Herzegovina consists of two entities: the Republika Srpska and the Federation of Bosnia and Herzogovina. Both entities have their own holidays. And January 9 is Republic Day in the Republika Srpska.
Non-resident Indian Day (Pravasi Bharatiya Divas) is an annual holiday celebrated in India on January 9. It was established to recognize the contribution of the overseas Indian community to the country's development.
This Day in History
2024Died: James M. Buchanan, American economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate for his work on public choice theory. His work initiated research on how politician's self-interest and non-economic forces affect government economic policy.
2014An explosion at Mitsubishi Materials chemical plant in Yakkaichi, Japan, caused the death of at least 5 people and injures of 17 others.
2011Iran Air Flight 277 crashed near Urmia, Iran. 77 people killed.
2007After years of rumors and speculation Steve Jobs unveiled the iPhone of the first generation.
1998Died: Kenichi Fukui, Japanese chemist, the Nobel Prize laureate for investigations into the mechanism of chemical reactions.
1998Died: Imi Lichtenfeld, Slovakian-Israeli martial artist. He is known as the founder of Krav Maga defense system. This system consists of wide combination of techniques taken from boxing, Judo, Jujutsu, grappling, wrestling, savate, Muay Thai and Wing Chun.
1995Died: Peter Cook, English comedian and actor. Cook was an extremely influential figure in modern British comedy. He also was closely associated with anti-establishment comedy emerged in Britain and the U.S. in 50s.
1978Born: A. J. McLean, American singer-songwriter, dancer, and actor. He is known as a member of Backstreet Boys. McLean is also a contributor to the project It Gets Better.
1970Born: Lara Fabian (original name Lara Crokaert), Belgian-Italian singer known for songs in French, Italian and English. Among her works are also songs in Portuguese, Russian, Hebrew, German, Greek, Turkish and Spanish.
1961Died: Emily Greene Balch, American economist, Nobel Prize laureate for her work with the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom. She is also known for her help of setting up summer schools on peace education in over 50 countries.
1959Born: Rigoberta Menchú, Guatemalan activist, the Nobel Prize and Princess of Asturias Award laureate and UNESCO Goodwill Ambassador. Menchú is known for promotion of indigenous rights of Guatemalan K'iche' ethnic group.
1957British Prime Minister Sir Anthony Eden resigned from office after he failed to retake the Suez Canal from Egyptian sovereignty.
1947Elizabeth "Betty" Short, the Black Dahlia, was last seen alive. Short's murder is one of the most gruesome and much-publicized murders in Los Angeles history. This murder case is still unsolved.
1944Born: Jimmy Page, English guitarist, songwriter, and producer. He achieved international success as the guitarist and leader of Led Zeppelin.
1939Born: Jimmy Boyd, American singer, musician and actor. Best known for recording of the song I Saw Mommy Kissing Santa Claus.
1936Died: John Gilbert, American actor, director and screenwriter. Gilbert became famous during silent film era and gained popularity as "The Great Lover".
1935Born: Earl G. Graves, Sr., American businessman and publisher. He was the founder of Black Enterprise magazine, a magazine that described itself as the "premier business news and investment resource for African Americans".
192778 children burned alive at the Laurier Palace movie theater in Montreal, Canada.
1923Died: Katherine Mansfield, New Zealand author. She was the prominent modernist writer of short fiction, started publication at the age of 9.
1923Juan de la Cierva made the first autogyro flight.
1918Died: Charles-Émile Reynaud, French scientist and educator, the inventor of praxinoscope, an animation device that consisted of strip of pictures placed around the inner surface of a spinning cylinder.
1913Born: Richard Nixon, American politician and the 37th President of the United States. He is the only one president who resigned the office in the history of the U.S.
1909The Nimrod Expedition to the South Pole led by Ernest Shackleton planted the British flag 97 nautical miles from the South Pole. At that time this was the farthest distance anyone had ever reached.
1902Born Josemaría Escrivá, Spanish priest and saint. He founded Opus Dei, an institution of the Roman Catholic Church that teaches that the ordinary life is also a path to holiness.
1894New England Telephone and Telegraph installed the first battery-operated telephone switchboard in Lexington, Massachusetts.
1878Born: John Broadus Watson, American psychologist and establisher of the psychological school of behaviorism.
1873Died: Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte, the first President of the French Second Republic and the Emperor of the Second French Empire (as Napoleon III).
1859Born: Carrie Chapman Catt, American activist and founder of the League of Women Voters and the International Alliance of Women.
1793Jean-Pierre Blanchard made the first flight in a balloon in the United States.
1757Died: Louis Bertrand Castel, French mathematician, known for his work in optics. Castel criticized Newton's spectral description of prismatic color in which he observed the colors of white light. Castel's argument was later developed by Goethe and included to his book Theory of Colors.