Holidays Calendar for September 11, 2017

On the first day of the month of Mäskäräm, Ethiopians and Eritreans celebrate the beginning of the new year. Ethiopian new year is called Enkutatash in the Amharic language spoken in Ethiopia. It falls on September 11 (or September 12 during leap years) in the Gregorian calendar.

Teacher's Day is an important holiday celebrated in almost every country. However, its date varies from country to country. For example, Teachers Day in Argentina is celebrated on September 11 to commemorate Domingo Faustino Sarmiento, the seventh president of Argentina.

Battle of Tendra Day is one of the Days of Military Honor in Russia. It is observed in the Russian Armed Forces on September 11 to commemorate the naval Battle of Tendra which was fought during the Russo-Turkish War of 1787-1792.

Patriot Day is a United States national observance that honors the memory of those who were killed in the September 11 attacks. It was first observed in 2002, after the proclamation by President George W. Bush.

September 11 is observed as the death anniversary of Muhammad Ali Jinnah in Pakistan. This remembrance day honors Quaid-i-Azam (Great Leader) of Pakistan who is regarded as the father of the nation.

Emergency Number Day was proclaimed by President Ronald Reagan in 1987. This observance focuses on the United States public safety communication.

For some reason the National Hot Cross Buns Day is celebrated on September 11. It is strange because hot cross buns are typically baked and served on Good Friday.

Day of Sobriety is an unofficial Russian holiday celebrated on September 11. It was first observed in 1911 or 1914 (according to different sources) and did not gain much popularity. Then the holiday was forgotten for a long time, until activists of Russian temperance movement decided to revive it in the 21st century.



This Day in History

  • 2013 A 300-mile (480-kilometer) human chain, called the Catalan Way), was organized for the first by the Assemblea Nacional Catalana for the independence of Catalonia from Spain. The same event was organized in 2014, this time human chain made the "V" 6.8 miles (11kilometers) in length.
  • 2012 Two garment factories caught fire in the cities of Karachi and Lahore in Pakistan. A total of 315 people died and over 600 were injured.
  • 2009 Died: Gertrude Baines, American supercentenarian, the oldest recognized living person according to Guinness World Records. She died at the age of 115 years and 158 days.
  • 2007 The Russian Federation conducted the test of the largest conventional weapon ever, the Father of All Bombs. This weapon should replace several smaller types of nuclear bombs in the arsenal of Russia.
  • 2004 Died: Fred Ebb, American songwriter, famous for collaboration with composer John Kander. They frequently wrote songs for Liza Minnelli and Chita Rivera.
  • 2002 Died: Kim Hunter, American actress, winner of an Academy Award and a Golden Globe Award. She is best known for performance as Stella Kowalski in film A Streetcar Named Desire. Her other notable role was in a soap-opera The Edge of Night and portraying Zira in the first three installments of the original Planet of the Apes.
  • 2001 Two hijacked aircraft crashed into the World Trade Center in New York City, the third aircraft smashed into The Pentagon in Arlington County, Virginia and the fourth into a field near Shanksville, Pennsylvania. These series of suicide attacks were coordinated by 19 members of al-Qaeda. In total 2,996 people were killed.
  • 1987 Died: Peter Tosh, Jamaican reggae musician, one of the core members of the band the Wailers along with Bob Marley and Bunny Wailer. He established himself as a successful solo artist and promoter of Rastafari.
  • 1985 Died: Sylvester Graham, American minister and nutritionist, known for his emphasis on vegetarianism. He invented graham bread, graham flour and the graham cracker.
  • 1977 Born: Ludacris, American rapper, entrepreneur and actor, one of the most influential Dirty South artists, who achieved success during the early 2000s. He won several Screen Actors Guild, Critic Choice, MTV and Grammy Awards during his career.
  • 1973 Died: Salvador Allende, Chilean physician, politician, the 29th President of Chile. He was the first Marxist to become president in Chile through open elections. He died on the day of the military coup, sponsored by the United States CIA. Allende refused to resign and died in uncertain and controversial circumstances.
  • 1972 Died: Max Fleischer, American animator, inventor and producer, a pioneer in the development of the animated cartoon, responsible for bringing animated characterizers of Betty Boop, Koko the Clown, Popeye and Superman to the movie screen.
  • 1971 Died: Nikita Khrushchev, Russian politician, leader of the Soviet Union during the Cold War. He was responsible for backing the progress of the early Soviet space program and several liberal reforms in areas of domestic policy. He was removed from power in 1964.
  • 1970 88 hostages were released by the Dawson's Field hijackers after hijacking 4 jet aircraft on September 6. The remaining hostages (mostly Jews and citizens of Israel) were held till September 25.
  • 1965 Born: Moby (Richard Melville Hall) American singer, musician, DJ, well known for his electronic music, vegan lifestyle and support of animal rights. He is considered as one of the most important dance music figures of the early 1990s.
  • 1960 Born: Hiroshi Amano, Japanese physicist, Nobel Prize laureate for invention of efficient blue light-emitting diodes has enabled bright and energy-saving white light sources.
  • 1940 Born: Brian De Palma, American film director, screenwriter, whose career is spanning over 40 years. He is known for directing number of popular films, including Carrie, Scarface, Mission: Impossible, The Black Dahlia.
  • 1939 Born: Charles Geschke, American businessman, best known as a co-founder of Abode Systems Inc., an American computer software company. It's most popular products are Photoshop, the Portable Document Format (PDF), Adobe Creative Suite and Adobe Creative Cloud.
  • 1922 The Hawaiian islands of Kauai and Oahu were devastated by hurricane Iniku, one of the most damages hurricanes in the history of the USA. The hurricane caused $1.8 billion damage and 6 deaths.
  • 1921 The first settlement of Nahalal was settled in Palestine as part of a Zionist plan to colonize Palestine and create a Jewish state, that later became Israel.
  • 1917 Born: Ferdinand Marcos, Filipino soldier, lawyer, and politician, the 10th President of the Philippines from 1972 till 1986. His regime was smeared by corruption, extravagance and brutality, evoking public outrage and leading to the People Power Revolution in 1986.
  • 1910 Died: Louis Henri Boussenard, French author of adventure novels, best known in Eastern Europe and in Francophone countries. He wrote a number adventurous and sci-fi novels for youth and adults, that were enormously popular among the readers.
  • 1903 The first race at the Milwaukee Mile in West Allis, Wisconsin was held, becoming the oldest major speedway in the world.
  • 1885 Born: David Herbert Richards Lawrence, English writer, better known by name D. H. Lawrence. His opinions and works earned him many enemies and he spent much of his life in a voluntary exile. At the time of his death he was considered to be a pornographer, but later he was called to be the greatest imaginative novelist of our generation.
  • 1865 Born: Jānis Pliekšāns, Latvian poet, playwright and translator, better known by pseudonym Rainis. His works had a profound influence on the literary Latvian language.
  • 1862 Born: O. Henry, American writer, whose short stories are known for their wit, wordplay, warm characterization and surprise endings. His most famous stories are The Gift of the Magi and The Ransom of Red Chief.
  • 1852 The State of Buenos Aires seceded from the Argentine Federal government and rejoined on September 17, 1861. Several places in Buenos Aires were named Once de Septiembre (the eleventh of September) after this event.
  • 1823 Died: David Ricardo, British economist, one of the most influential classical economists. He is known for developing of the labor theory of value, theory of comparative advantage, theory of trade, theory of profit etc.
  • 1816 Born: Carl Zeiss, German lens maker, known for great contributions of the modern production of lenses. He founded the company Carl Zeiss AG, manufacturing lenses for microscopes and high-quality lenses for cameras.
  • 1792 Six men broke into the Royal Storehouse, where the French crown jewels were stored. The men stole some crown jewels and the Blue Diamond of the Crown of France. Later the jewels were recovered, but the diamond was lost. It's believed that the diamond was cut into two pieces, a larger piece is known as the Hope Diamond.