International Workers' Day is a traditional spring celebration, that coincides with May Day, one of the oldest spring festivals in Europe. Some countries celebrate May 1 as specifically Labor Day or International Workers' Day. And sometimes Labor Day is celebrated on the date, that is significant for country, as in the USA.
The history of the holiday is connected with the labor movement grown by trade union in the 19th century in Canada and the USA. The first Labor Day celebration was proposed in the 1880s in the USA, then it was introduced in Canada.
May 1 was chosen as the International Workers' Day in order to commemorated the Haymarket affair in Chicago, that took place on May 4. During the general strike for the 8-hour workday, an identified person threw a bomb at the police. The latter responded by firing on the workers, that resulted in four killed demonstrators.
The proposal to celebrated Labor Day and commemorate the events of the Haymarket affair in Chicago was made in 1898 during the meeting of the first congress of the Second International in Paris. May 1 was formally recognized as an annual event.Remind me with Google Calendar
- Public Holidays, International Observances
- Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Anguilla, Argentina, Armenia, Aruba, Austria, Bahrain, Barbados, Belarus, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Bonaire, St Eustatius and Saba, Bosnia Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cuba, Ivory Coast, Curacao, Denmark, Djibouti, East Timor, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Ethiopia, France, French Guiana, French Polynesia, Gabon, Germany, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Equatorial Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Guadeloupe, Honduras, Hong Kong, Hungary, Indonesia, Iraq, Italy, Jordan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Lithuania, Liechtenstein, Macau, Macedonia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Martinique, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mayotte, Mexico, Moldova, Monaco, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, New Caledonia, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, North Korea, Pakistan, Panama, Peru, Philippines, Paraguay, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Rwanda, Saint Barthelemy, Saint Lucia, Saint Martin, Saint Pierre et Miquelon, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Seychelles, Singapore, Sint Maarten, Somalia, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Suriname, Swaziland, Switzerland, Syria, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Togo, Tunisia, Turkey, Ukraine, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Wallis and Futuna, Western Sahara, State of Palestine, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe
- international workers' day, labor day, labour day, international holidays, may day