Holidays Calendar for August 7, 2016

Battle of Boyacá Day is annually observed in Colombia on August 7. This public holiday marks the day, when Colombia (then New Granada) gained definitive independence from Spain.

Independence Day is the major national holiday in Ivory Coast. It's annually celebrated on August 7, which is the anniversary of declaration of independence from France.

Nag Panchami is a traditional worship to snakes in India and Nepal. It's annually observed on the 5th day of Shravan month of the Hindu calendar.

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Railroad Workers' Day is a professional holiday celebrated in some former Soviet Republics (namely Russia, Belarus and Kyrgyzstan) on the first Sunday in August. It was first established in the late 19th century to honor Emperor Nicholas I of Russia.

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Air Force Day is a professional holiday in the Armed Forces of Ukraine celebrated on the first Sunday in August. It was officially established by President Viktor Yuschenko in 2007.

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Transport Workers' Day is an official professional holiday in Kazakhstan celebrated on the first Sunday in August. It was established in 2001 and has been observed each year ever since.

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August 7 is National Raspberries N' Cream Day in the United States. This food holiday is devoted to the delightful combination of ripe, juicy, tender raspberries and heavy, delicious cream.

Friendship Day is an informal holiday celebrated in some countries on the first Sunday in August. It was initially created by the greeting card industry in the early 20th century.

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This Day in History

  • 2005 Died: Peter Jennings, Canadian-American journalist and author, the sole anchor of ABC's World News Tonight from 1983 till his death. Although he dropped out the high school, he managed to become one of the American television's most prominent journalists.
  • 1998 The United States embassies in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania and Nairobi, Kenya were bombed. Approximately 212 people were killed.
  • 1987 Died: Camille Chamoun, Lebanese politician, President of Lebanon from 1952 to 1958. He is regarded as one of the main Christian leaders during most of the Lebanese Civil War.
  • 1975 Born: Charlize Theron, South African and American actress and producer. She first major role was in film The Devil's Advocate, then other films followed, like Mighty Joe Young, The Cider House Rules, Monster, that brought her international acclaim.
  • 1974 Philippe Petit performed a high wire act between the twin towers of the World Trade Center. The wire was stretched at height of 1,368 ft (417 m).
  • 1966 Born: Jimmy Wales, American businessman, best known as one of the co-founders of Wikipedia.
  • 1962 Born: Bruno Pelletier, Canadian singer and actor, best known for roles in rock operas Starmania, Notre-Dame de Paris and musical Dracula - Entre l'amour et la mort.
  • 1960 Born: David Duchovny, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter, best known to audience as FBI Agent Fox Mulder on the science fiction series The X-Files. His other famous role is as Hank Moody, an alcoholic and drug-abusing novelist on series Californication.
  • 1959 American satellite Explorer 6 launched from the Atlantic Missile Range in Cape Canaveral, Florida. His mission ended on October 6, 1959, but it let make the first pictures of the planet from space.
  • 1947 Thor Heyerdahl's balsa wood raft the Kon-Tiki smashed into the reef at Raroia in the Tuamotu Islands. The journey lasted 101 days and the raft swam 4,300 mi (7,000 km) across the Pacific Ocean. This attempt to swim across the ocean was made to prove, that per-historic peoples could have traveled from South America.
  • 1942 The Battle of Guadalcanal began. The battle became the first major offensive by Allied forces against the Empire of Japan.
  • 1941 Died: Rabindranath Tagore, Indian author, poet, and playwright, Nobel Prize laureate, the first non-European to win this award, in 1913. Also his poetry is very popular in Bengal, he is largely unknown in other countries.
  • 1933 Died: Elinor Ostrom, American economist and academic. Her greatest achievement of lifetime was Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic, that she shared with Oliver Williamson for analysis of economic governance, especially the commons.
  • 1933 The Iraqi government ordered a slaughter of over 3,000 Assyrians. The slaughter took place in 63 villages in the Dohuk and Mosul districts in Iraq.
  • 1912 Died: François-Alphonse Forel, Swiss scientist, pioneering the study of lakes. He is the founder of limnology, the study of inland waters.
  • 1909 Alice Huyler Ramsey and her three friends became the first women to complete a transcontinental auto trip. Their trip started in New York and finished in Florida.
  • 1904 Born: Ralph Bunche, American political scientist, academic, and diplomat, Nobel Peace Prize laureate for his late 1940s mediation in Israel.
  • 1877 Born: Ulrich Salchow, Swedish figure skater, a 10-time World Figure Skating Champion. He shares this record with Norwegian figure skater Sonja Henie and Russian figure skater Irina Rodnina, that is still not broken.
  • 1876 Born: Mata Hari, Dutch dancer, who was convicted of being a spy. She was executed by firing squad in France under charges of espionage for Germany during WWI.
  • 1864 Died: Li Xiucheng, Chinese general, known as the Loyal King. He led the Taiping Rebellion forces to several victories and is considered to be the most important military leader of his time. He was executed after the battle in Nanjing.
  • 1860 Born: Alan Leo, English astrologer and author, widely considered as the father of modern astrology. His works stimulated a revival of astrology in Europe after its decline in the 17th century.
  • 1858 The first game of the Australian football was played between Melbourne Grammar and Scotch College.
  • 1855 Died: Mariano Arista, Mexican general and politician, President of Mexico. He served in office from January 15, 1851 to January 6, 1853. Short presidency was caused by a revolt and his exile from the country.
  • 1848 Died: Jöns Jacob Berzelius, Swedish chemist, considered to be one of the fathers of modern chemistry. He is also known for discovery and isolation of new elements cerium and thorium.
  • 1834 Died: Joseph Marie Jacquard, French weaver and inventor, important figure in development of the earliest programmable loom (now known as the Jacquard loom).
  • 1782 George Washington, then-delegate to the First Continental Congress from Virginia, ordered creation of the Badge of Military Merit to honor soldiers wounded in battle. The Badge was later renamed to more poetic Purple Heart.
  • 1714 The Battle of Gangut was fought between the Swedish Army and Imperial Russian Navy during the Great Northern War. This was the first important victory of the Russian fleet.
  • 1635 Died: Friedrich Spee, German poet, most notable as the early opponent of trials of witchcraft. He insisted that torturing is not a good way of obtaining truth from someone, who's undergoing painful questioning.
  • 1616 Died: Vincenzo Scamozzi, Italian architect of Renaissance, known as the father of neo-classicism.
  • 1571 Born: Thomas Lupo, English viol player and composer, one of the principal developers of the repertory for viol consort.