Holidays Calendar for August 30, 2016

Constitution Day is one of the public holidays in Kazakhstan. It was established to commemorate the adoption of the Constitution of the Republic of Kazakhstan on August 30, 1995.

Victory Day is a public holiday in Turkey that commemorates the victory in the Battle of Dumlupınar, the last battle in the Greco-Turkish war. Decisive Turkish victory in this battle was a critical step towards the independence of Turkey.

August 30 is celebrated as Saint Rose of Lima Day in Peru. Saint Rose of Lima (Santa Rosa de Lima) is the primary patron saint of Peru, and her feast day was designated as a public holiday.

Popular Consultation Day is a public holiday in East Timor celebrated on August 30. It marks the anniversary of the Popular Consultation of 1999, which eventually led to the independence of East Timor from Indonesia.

August 30 is Archivist Day in Kyrgyzstan. This professional holiday was officially established by the Kyrgyz government in 1993 at the request of State Archive Agency.

Toasted marshmallow is a popular camping food. It even has a holiday of its own. The National Toasted Marshmallow Day is celebrated on August 30.

International Day of the Victims of Enforced Disappearances, also known as International Day of the Disappeared, is an annual United Nations observance held on August 30. It was officially declared by the UN General Assembly in December 2010.


This Day in History

  • 2013 Died: Seamus Heaney, Irish poet, playwright and translator who was awarded the 1995 Nobel Prize in Literature for his works of lyrical beauty.
  • 2006 Died: Naguib Mahfouz, Egyptian writer who was awarded the 1988 Nobel Prize in Literature. He published 34 novels and over 350 short stories.
  • 2003 The decommissioned Soviet submarine K-159 sunk in the Barents Sea, taking 9 of the crew and about 800 kg of spent nuclear fuel with her.
  • 1995 The North Atlantic Treaty Organisation launched Operation Deliberate Force during the Bosnia War. It resulted in strategic NATO victory.
  • 1995 Died: Sterling Morrison, American musician primarily remembered as one of the founding members of the rock band The Velvet Underground.
  • 1984 The Space Shuttle Discovery took off on its maiden flight, STS-41-D. It was launched from Kennedy Space Center in the state of Florida.
  • 1980 Born: Angel Coulby, English actress best known for her role as Guinevere in the BBC fantasy drama television series Merlin (2008-2012).
  • 1972 Born: Cameron Diaz, American actress, producer and former model who rose to prominence with roles in The Mask and My Best Friend's Wedding.
  • 1968 Died: William Talman, American actor best known for his role as Hamilton Burger in the long-running legal drama series Perry Mason.
  • 1967 Thurgood Marshall became the first African-American Justice of the United States Supreme Court. He served until October 1991.
  • 1963 Born: Paul Oakenfold, English trance DJ and record producer. He was voted the number one DJ in the world twice by DJ Magazine.
  • 1954 Born: Alexander Lukashenko, Belarusian politician and statesman who has been serving as President of the Republic of Belarus since 1994.
  • 1940 Died: J. J. Thomson, British physicist who was awarded the 1906 Nobel Prize in Physics for his study of the conduction of electricity by gases.
  • 1938 Died: Max Factor, Sr. (born Maksymilian Faktorowicz), Polish-Jewish businessman who founded the cosmetics giant Max Factor & Company.
  • 1935 Died: Henri Barbusse, French novelist and political activist. His best known works include Hell, Under Fire and The Knife Between My Teeth.
  • 1931 Born: Jack Swigert, American pilot, mechanical and aerospace engineer, and NASA astronaut. He was one of the astronauts who flew to the Moon.
  • 1928 Died: Wilhelm Wien, German physicist who was awarded the 1911 Nobel Prize in Physics for his discoveries regarding heat radiation.
  • 1922 The Battle of Dumlupınar was fought during the Greco-Turkish War (part of the Turkish War of Independence). It was the final battle of the war.
  • 1918 Russian revolutionary Fanny Kaplan attempted to assassinate the Bolshevik leader Vladimir Lenin, shooting him with a Browning pistol.
  • 1913 Born: Richard Stone, British economist who was awarded the 1984 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences for his accounting model.
  • 1912 Born: Edward Mills Purcell, American physicist who was co-awarded the 1952 Nobel Prize for Physics, sharing it with Felix Bloch.
  • 1906 Died: Hans Auer, Swiss-Austrian architect best known for designing the Federal Palace of Switzerland located in the city of Bern.
  • 1887 French inventor Charles-Émile Reynaud received a patent for the praxinoscope, an animation device, the successor to the zoetrope.
  • 1871 Born: Ernest Rutherford, British physicist who was awarded the 1908 Nobel Prize in Chemistry. Rutherford is regarded as the father of nuclear physics.
  • 1862 During the American Civil War, the Battle of Richmond ended. The first major battle in the Kentucky Campaign resulted in a Confederate victory.
  • 1860 Born: Isaac Levitan, Russian landscape painter. His best known works include Autumn day. Sokolniki, Evening Bells, Golden Autumn, Silence.
  • 1835 Settlers from Launceston in Van Diemen's Land founded Melbourne. It was named so in honor of the British Prime Minister of the day.
  • 1813 French troops were defeated by the Coalition army in the Battle of Kulm during the War of the Sixth Coalition. Both sides suffered heavy losses.
  • 1797 Born: Mary Shelley (née Godwin), English novelist, short story writer, and dramatist best known for her novel Frankenstein; or, The Modern Prometheus.
  • 1483 Died: Louis XI of France, called the Prudent, King of France from 1461 until his death. Louis XI belonged to the House of Valois.