2013Died: Lilian Cahn, Hungarian-American businesswoman, co-founder of Coach, Inc., a New York-based luxury fashion company producing leather goods, watches and different accessories for men and women.
2011Died: Simon van der Meer, Dutch physicist, Nobel Prize laureate for contribution to the CERN project. His work led to the discovery of W and Z particles, two of the most fundamental constituents of matter.
2011Died: Vivienne Harris, English journalist and publisher, the co-founder of Jewish Telegraph, a British Jewish weekly newspaper.
2008Died: Gary Gygax, American game designer and writer, best known as the co-creator and the pioneer of the role-playing game Dungeons & Dragons.
2001The Hintze Ribeiro Bridge collapsed in Entre-os-Rios, Castelo de Paiva, Portugal. 59 people were killed, including those in a bus and three cars that attempted to get to the other side of the Dourvo River.
19962,300 people in Weyauwega, Wisconsin, US, were evacuated for 16 days due to a derailing of a train that carried hazardous materials.
1986Died: Elizabeth Smart, Canadian poet and author. Smart is best known for her book By Grand Central Station I Sat Down and Wept, that described in detail her romance with the poet George Barker. Her book is considered as one of the half-dozen masterpieces of poetic prose in world.
1986Born: Mike Krieger, Brazilian businessman, best-known as the co-founder of Instagram.
1977The Vrancea earthquake in eastern and southern Europe killed over 1,500 people mostly in seriously damaged Bucharest, Romania.
1970Eurydice, a French submarine, exploded underwater. The entire crew of 57 men died.
1966A Canadian Pacific Air Lines DC-8-43 exploded on landing at Tokyo International Airport. 64 were killed.
1962111 people were killed shortly after takeoff of a Caledonian Airways Douglas DC-7 en route from Douala, Cameroon, to Lisbon, Portugal.
1952Died: Charles Scott Sherrington, English neurophysiologist, Nobel Prize laureate for his work on functions of neurons and reflexes.
1951Born: Chris Rea, English singer-songwriter and guitarist, recognizable for his husky and distinctive voice. Rea is well known for his hit song Fool in 1978, but the peak of his popularity was in the end of the 1980s and the beginning of the 1990s.
1941Died: Ludwig Quidde, German activist and pacifist, Nobel Peace Prize laureate. Quidde is best remembered today for his acerbic criticisms of German Emperor Wilhelm II.
1926Born: Richard DeVos, American businessman, co-founder of American multi-level marketing company Amway that sells products primarily in the health, beauty and home care markets.
1916Born: Hans Eysenck, German-English psychologist. He is best remembered for his work on intelligence and personality and creation of IQ test.
1891Born: Lois W., American activist, co-founder of Al-Anon, a worldwide support group for the friends and families of alcoholics.
1877Born: Garrett Morgan, American inventor. Among his most notable inventions are gas mask, traffic signal and hair-strengthening chemical.
1876Born: Theodore Hardeen, Hungarian-American magician, the younger brother of Harry Houdini. Hardeen founded the Magician's Club and became the first magician to conceive escaping from a submerged straitjacket in full view of the audience.
1858Died: Matthew C. Perry, American commander who played a leading role in the opening of Japan to the West with the Convention of Kanagawa in 1854. After the advent of steam engine, Perry advocated the modernization of the U.S. Navy and became The Father of the Steam Navy in the US.
1832Died: Jean-François Champollion, French philologist and scholar, best known as decipherer of the Egyptian hieroglyphs. His translation of Rosetta Stone showed that the Egyptian writing system was a combination of phonetic and ideographic signs.
1791The British House of Commons introduced the Constitutional Act of 1791 in London. According to the Act, Canada was separated into Lower Canada and Upper Canada.
1789The first Congress of the United States met in New York City putting the United States Constitution into effect.
1756Born: Henry Raeburn, Scottish significant portrait painter. He served as Portrait Painter to King George IV in Scotland.
1678Born: Antonio Vivaldi, Italian violinist and composer. Vivaldi is best known for a series of violin concertos The Four Seasons.
1665Charles II, English King, declared war on the Netherlands, thus marking the beginning of the Second Anglo-Dutch War.
1615Died: Hans von Aachen, German painter. He is known as the painter of portraits for noble German houses and the author of historical and religious scenes.
1602Born: Kanō Tan'yū, Japanese painter, the foremost painter of Kanō school. Most of the famous and widely known Kanō works are by Tan'yū.
1519Hernán Cortés arrived in Mexico in search of the Aztec civilization and its wealth.